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“The executive power shall be vested in the President of the Philippines.”
Power to administer laws
◦ Enforcing of laws
◦ Chief Executive
Head of the State Head of the Government
at least forty years of age on the day of the election.“No person may be elected President unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines. able to read and write. “ . a registered voter. and a resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately preceding such election.
Natural-born Philippine Citizen Registered voter Able to read and write At least 40 years old Resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years .
You were born on May 15. The Comelec set the deadline for the filing of the certificate of candidacy on March 15. Elections in the Philippines is usually held every 10th of May. 1972. Can you qualify for the position of Presidency based on the age requirement? . 2012.
you decided that you want to run for the coming elections with the platform in mind of replicating the programs you witnessed abroad. paying closer attention to the residency requirement. Considering all other requirements are met. For the most part of your life. 2011. 2012. 10. Moreover. 15. you were living outside the Philippines but you are still a natural-born Filipino citizen. Assuming than a Presidential election is scheduled to occur on May 10. However. are you eligible to run for the Presidency position? . you decided to moved back to the Philippines for good. since you were able to experienced the good life outside the country. The Comelec set the deadline of the filing of the certificate of candidacy on Oct. on Dec. 2001.
as the President.“There shall be a Vice-President who shall have the same qualifications and term of office and be elected with.” . He may be removed from office in the same manner as the President. and in the same manner.
six years thereafter. No Vice-President shall serve for more than two successive terms. . Unless otherwise provided by law. No person who has succeeded as President and has served as such for more than four years shall be qualified for election to the same office at any time. the regular election for President and Vice-President shall be held on the second Monday of May. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected.“The President and the Vice-President shall be elected by direct vote of the people for a term of six years which shall begin at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following the day of the election and shall end at noon of the same date. The President shall not be eligible for any reelection.
President Vice-President 6 years term ◦ June 30th 6 years term Renewable ◦ Another 6 year term ◦ 2 successive terms ◦ June 30th Non-renewable ◦ Why? Subject to pressures Can used incumbent position as an advantage First term is used to ensure reelection Give chance to others Prevent nepotism and political dynasties VP succeeded as President ◦ If served for more than 4 years Disqualified Pres. Arroyo .
duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city. .The returns of every election for President and VicePresident. shall be transmitted to the Congress. canvass the votes. and the Congress. directed to the President of the Senate. not later than thirty days after the day of the election. open all the certificates in the presence of the Senate and the House of Representatives in joint public session. the President of the Senate shall. Upon receipt of the certificates of canvass. upon determination of the authenticity and due execution thereof in the manner provided by law.
The person having the highest number of votes shall be proclaimed elected. . returns. and qualifications of the President or VicePresident. shall be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election. sitting en banc. but in case two or more shall have an equal and highest number of votes. one of them shall forthwith be chosen by the vote of a majority of all the Members of both Houses of the Congress. voting separately. The Supreme Court. and may promulgate its rules for the purpose. The Congress shall promulgate its rules for the canvassing of the certificates.
voting separately . Elected at large ◦ Through the system of direct voting ◦ People directly vote their favored candidate In case of a tie ◦ Congress decides the winner ◦ 2/3 vote.
Perfect example of the system of checks and balance 3 branches are involved ◦ Executive – being elected ◦ Legislative – canvass votes ◦ Judiciary – resolves issues .
” .“The President shall have an official residence. They shall not receive during their tenure any other emolument from the Government or any other source. No increase in said compensation shall take effect until after the expiration of the term of the incumbent during which such increase was approved. The salaries of the President and VicePresident shall be determined by law and shall not be decreased during their tenure.
Malacañang Palace ◦ “May Lakan diyan” ◦ There is a noble there ◦ Malacañan Official residence of the President itself House where the President is staying ◦ Malacañang Office of the President .
the President shall receive an annual salary of Php 300. Art XVIII Section 17 ◦ Until the Congress provides otherwise. Arroyo issued Exec.000 (2012) – Php 120.000) (2011) – Php 107.000 ◦ Pres. 611 10% increase over the basic monthly salary of all civilian government personnel Previous Php 60.000 (2010) First pay check of PNoy (Php 63.000 .000 Php 95. Order no.
451 2011 – Php 91.000 2012 – Php 103. 2010 – Php 79.000 .
He shall serve until the President or the Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified. and be subject to the same restrictions of powers and disqualifications as the Acting President. shall then act as President until the President or Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified. by law.” . the VicePresident shall become the President to serve the unexpired term. the President of the Senate or. or resignation of the President. the Speaker of the House of Representatives. permanent disability. in case of his inability. The Congress shall. or resignation of the Acting President. In case of death. removal from office. permanent disability. removal from office. permanent disability.“In case of death. provide who shall serve as President in case of death. or resignation of both the President and Vice-President.
Vice President Senate President House Speaker Appointed Acting President ◦ (Chief Justice) Only the Vice President can succeed the President Others will be just on acting capacity until replacements are elected and qualified .
When does a VP performs acting Capacity ◦ President has not been qualified yet Not yet proclaimed and it’s already 12 noon of the 30th of June (Sec. 4) ◦ No president has been chosen yet Deadlock or tie ◦ Temporary inability of the President Out of the country visits Sick .
When does a VP takes over Presidency? ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ If the President has become permanently disabled Death Removal from office (Impeachment) Resignation of the President ◦ Permanent vacancy in the Office of the President Resignation of Erap Presidential Impeachment Death of President Magsaysay .
“Whenever there is a vacancy in the Office of the Vice-President during the term for which he was elected. the President shall nominate a Vice-President from among the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives who shall assume office upon confirmation by a majority vote of all the Members of both Houses of the Congress. voting separately.” .
Chosen by the President ◦ Senators ◦ Congressmen Subject to the confirmation of the both houses of Congress ◦ Majority Vote ◦ Voting separately Who would want to contradict the appointee of the new President? Senator Teofisto Guingona .
” . He may be removed from office in the same manner as the President. and in the same manner.“There shall be a Vice-President who shall have the same qualifications and term of office and be elected with. as the President.
the Members of the Constitutional Commissions. bribery. treason. and conviction of.” . graft and corruption. Art 7 Sec 3 ◦ A Vice President can be removed in office the same manner as the President Art XI Sec 2 “The President. culpable violation of the Constitution. the Vice-President. All other public officers and employees may be removed from office as provided by law. other high crimes. but not by impeachment. the Members of the Supreme Court. or betrayal of public trust. and the Ombudsman may be removed from office on impeachment for.
Method of inquiry into the conduct. behavior and action of public officials Agenda: not to prove whether official should be convicted or not ◦ Removal from office For necessary cases to be filed against them ◦ Conviction Protect people from delinquent officials Protection of the State .
President and Vice-President Members of Supreme Court ◦ Judges Members of the Constitutional Commission Ombudsman ◦ Members of the Senate and House of Representatives? .
Violation of the Constitution ◦ Violations committed intentionally Treason ◦ War against the Philippines ◦ Adherence to enemies of State Bribery Graft and Corruption Betrayal of Public Trust ◦ Behaviors or actions that lead to the lost of the officer’s popular support Hello Garci Issue .
Filing of Complaint ◦ Citizen-initiated Any citizen.1. under oath Endorsement of member of the House Order of Business (3 session days) Impeachment Committee Level (60 session days) Plenary Level 1/3 of the members of the House Articles of Impeachment ◦ Members of the House-initiated Impeachment Committee Level (60 session days) 1/3 of the members of the House Articles of Impeachment .
2. Trial by Senate ◦ ◦ ◦ Senates convene as an Impeachment Court Under oath If impeachment is against the President Chief Justice presides the proceedings but does not vote ◦ Senators served as the Jury Trial by Jury .
Requirements for Conviction ◦ ◦ 2/3 members of the Senate Guilty beyond reasonable Doubt No impeachment proceedings shall be initiated against the same official more than once a year .3.
What will be the penalty of a convicted official under an impeachment proceedings? Removal from office Disqualification from holding public office ◦ Impeachment proceedings to continue even if the official already resigned from position No fine or imprisonment can be imposed When the official is no longer in office. civil cases can now be filed so that fine and imprisonment penalties can be sanctioned .
“No treaty or international agreement shall be valid and effective unless concurred in by at least two-thirds of all the Members of the Senate.” .
or international organizations Intended to create binding rights and obligations among parties 2 types ◦ Bilateral ◦ Multilateral UNCLOS Visiting Forces Agreement Extradition Treaties . A compact made between two or more states.
Negotiation ◦ President has the sole authority to negotiate and initiate an international agreement or treaty ◦ Haggle Offer something President is in the best position to haggle Access to Information that are vital to the success of the negotiations Ratification Concurrence of 2/3 of members of Senate Japan-Philippine Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) Pertinent details were arranged by the executive Ratified by Senate .
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