STRUCTURED CABLING

Topics
            Introduction What is Structured Cabling What is the TIA/EIA? How is structured cabling used? Advantages of Structured Cabling What Types of Equipment Can Use Structured Cabling? Why Structured Cabling Structured Wiring vs. Conventional Wiring Importance Of Structured Cabling Single Line Diagram Installation Technique Innovation In Structured Cabling

Introduction
 Many network administrator keep hearing that the network is down because of some or the other reasons. Various researches indicates that in many cases, the network is down because of inferior cabling system

Introduction
 Structured cabling divides the entire infrastructure into manageable blocks and then attempts to integrate these blocks to produce the high-performance networks that we have now come to rely on. To the user, this means investment protection

WHAT IS STUCTURED CABLING
 Structured cabling is an architecture for communications cabling that is specified by the TIA/EIA. It includes communications cabling from the point where it enters a building, through the equipment and telecommunications rooms, and up to the point where it connects to equipment in the work area. This system supports high speed voice and data networks.

What is the TIA/EIA?
 TIA/EIA stands for "Telecommunications Industry Association / Electronic Industries Alliance." The TIA/EIA is an industry trade association that creates interoperability standards for the products made by member companies, including the standards for structured cabling systems. Following TIA/EIA standards ensures that the parts of a structured cabling system will be compatible and allows for ease of moves, adds, and changes

A cut-out view of a building with a typical structured cabling system is shown below

 A building entrance facility is the point where the outside cabling and services interface with the intrabuilding backbone cabling. A larger view is shown at right

 An equipment room is the area where incoming backbone cabling interfaces with electronic equipment, such as a telephone switch and/or wide area network (WAN) hardware. It is also the cross-connect point to the outgoing backbone cabling.

 The backbone cabling is the main trunk or feeder for the horizontal cabling that is brought into the telecommunications room. It consists of the cable and mechanical terminations for backbone-tobackbone crossconnects.

 A telecommunications room is the area within a building that houses the telecommunications / networking equipment, as well as the connections between backbone and horizontal cabling.

 As its name implies, the horizontal cabling runs in a horizontal direction. It extends between the telecommunications room and the work area. It includes the cable, work area outlet, and any crossconnect (patch) cords.

How is structured cabling used?
 Structured cabling is sometimes referred to as "low voltage" or "data/voice" cabling. It serves as the infrastructure for telephone and local area network (LAN) connections in commercial buildings. It carries voice and data to work area equipment such as telephones, fax machines, and computers. It can also carry video for applications such as teleconferencing. The efficient flow of information is vital to the success of today's organizations, and users have come to expect the same reliability from networks as they do from utilities such as electric, gas and phone service.

Advantages of Structured Cabling
 • Consistency - A structured cabling systems means the same cabling systems for Data, voice and video.

 • Support for multi-vendor equipment - A standard-based cable system will support applications and hardware even with mix & match vendors.
 • Simplify moves/adds/changes - Structured cabling systems can support any changes within the systems.  • Simplify troubleshooting - With structured cabling systems, problems are less likely to down the entire network, easier to isolate and easier to fix.  • Support for future applications - Structured cabling system supports future applications like multimedia, video conferencing etc with little or no upgrade pain.

Advantages of Structured Cabling
 Another primary advantage of structured cabling is fault isolation. By dividing the entire infrastructure into simple manageable blocks, it is easy to test and isolate the specific points of fault and correct them with minimal disturbance to the network. A structured approach in cabling helps reduce maintenance costs too.

What Types of Equipment Can Use Structured Cabling?
 Structured cabling can provide for your current and future needs for electronic systems. Installing a wiring system as you build your new home or office is only a fraction of the cost of retrofitting it later. Plan ahead. Before hanging the first sheet of drywall, consider the electronics you'll want in your new business or home

What Types of Equipment Can Use Structured Cabling?
             Telephone(s) Television Audio-Stereo DVD and or VCR Computers(s) Modem/Internet access Fax machine Cable access Home Theater Satellite dish Security system Home automation Lighting Control

Why Use Structured Cabling?
 Consistency - A structured cabling system can use the same cabling system for everything. Do you really want to figure out how to install and troubleshoot the phone cabling, then figure out the ethernet cabling, then figure out the ISDN cabling...? What happens when you revisit this in 6 months to make a change for two-line phones?  Long life - Structured cabling is an investment that will last for the long term.  Support for multi-vendor equipment - A standards-based structured cabling system will support your applications and hardware even after you change or mix & match vendors. With the proper structured cabling system you will not have to rework the cabling when you upgrade to another vendor or model.

Why Use Structured Cabling?

Why Use Structured Cabling?
 Simplify moves/adds/changes - Need to move a computer or TV from one room to another. Add a modem connection to the office. Add a two-line phone, DSL, AND fax to the office. Share files or printers between computers.  Simplify troubleshooting - Even cables that were installed correctly can fail -- and they do. With a structured wiring system, problems are less likely to down the entire network, easier to isolate, and easier to fix.  Support for future applications - Your structured cabling system will support future applications like multimedia, video conferencing, and who knows what else, with little or no upgrade pain

Why Use Structured Cabling?

Why Structured Cabling
MOVE ADD CHANGES - (MAC’s)
40% of Employees MOVE within the building

Source: Frost & Sullivan

Moves, adds and changes on an unstructured cabling system can cause serious work-flow disruptions

Structured cabling systems offer the simplicity of cross-connect patching to quickly perform MAC’s via cross-connects, rather than installing new cable

Why Structured Cabling
MAC’s WITHOUT STRUCTURED CABLING SYSTEM

PABX

SWITCH FILE SERVER

Why Structured Cabling
SIMPLICITY OF MAC’s
TELECOMMUNICATION CLOSET Outlet in Work Area WORK AREA Ext. 110

Patch Panel

Horizontal Cable
Patch Panel HORIZONTAL CROSS-CONNECT

Ext. 111

Ext. 112

New Location PABX

· MAC’s can be achieve by cross-connect patching.

Structured Wiring vs. Conventional Wiring
 Think of wiring as a pipeline for information. Conventional wiring has the data capacity of a squirt gun. By comparison, structured wiring, using Category 5 cables, has the capacity of a fire hose. Structured wiring can transmit more information, faster.  Conventional wiring, which is found in most homes, consists of one or two twisted pairs of wires, and is adequate for basic voice, fax or data communications.  Structured wiring is more advanced wiring. Not only can it handle traditional telephone, fax and data communications, but also sophisticated video and data signals from computers.

Importance Of Structured Cabling
· Structured cabling provides a competitive advantage. · Structured cabling is the foundation of a successful Information Technology (IT) and Intelligent Building Networks. · Structured cabling is the basic investment on which all other network equipment depends.

Application Presentation Session Transport Network Datalink

Physical
Structured Cabling

Importance of Structured Cabling
COST OF DOWNTIME
The average network crashes 20 TIMES per year

70% of downtime is cable related

Others

Source : LAN Technology

Inferior cabling system cause 70 % of downtime

Importance of Structured Cabling
COST OF DOWNTIME
23%-Unknown 4%- >$50,001

5%-$50,000

26%-$10,000

42%-$1,000

Source : Infonetics

Network downtime costs $1,000 - $50,000 per hour Preventing downtime saves money $$,$$$

Importance of Structured Cabling
CABLING LIFE CYCLE
Software 1.5 years

LANs 2.5 years
Intelligent WS 3.5 years Mainframe 5.5 years

Cabling System 15 - 25 years

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM

Angle Patch Panel Lowers the number of Open Bay Racks in to “HALF”

Installation Technique

Grounding and Rack Road Map

Fiber Cable Routing Installation

Fiber Optics Cable Routing

INNOVATIONS IN STRUCTURED CABLING

The Old Method

The Panduit Method

INNOVATIONS IN STRUCTURED CABLING

The Old Method

The Panduit Method

Thank You! Q&A

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