PELATIHAN KOMPUTASI PROSES

(Reaktor)

Dr.-Ing. Anton Irawan, ST., MT
Cilegon, April 2007

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Reactor
Reactor adalah tempat terjadi proses reaksi antara komponen-komporen reaktan untuk menghasilkan produk dengan mengkondisikan pada P,T sesuai dengan laju reaksi Fundament: Thermodynamic, chemical kinetic, fluid mechanic, heat transfer, mass transfer dan economic
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Step Pemrosesan

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Type of Reaction

4

Rate of reaction 5 .

Type of Reactors 6 .

4. 3. Define Basis Manager (Add Component. Rxn and Fluid Package) Define Umpan Define unit Reaktor (tipe of reaction and reactor) Analysis of Results 7 . 2.Tahapan Simulasi Unit Reaktor 1.

Contoh Kasus Reaktor CSTR dengan Hysys Simulation water  propylene oxide  propylene glycol H OC H O C H O 2 3 6 3 8 2 8 .

Tahapan Penyelesaian 1. 5. Create a unit set Choose a property package Select the components Define the reaction Create and specify the feed streams Install and define the mixer and reactor Install and define the distillation column 9 . 4. 7. 6. 3. 2.

Create Unit Set (Tools Menu Preferences  Variable Tab) 10 .

Create Unit Set Mengubah actual liquid flow dari barrel/day ke USGPM 11 .

Basis Manager (Add Components) 12 .

Basis Manager (Fluid Package) 13 .

Basis Manager (Fluid Package) Klick untuk estimation nilai binary coefficient 14 .

Basis Manager (Fluid Package) 15 .

Basis Manager (Reaction Tab) water  propylene oxide  propylene glycol H OC H O C H O 2 3 6 3 8 2 16 .

Basis Manager (Reaction Tab) 17 .

Reaction Tab  Kinetic Reaction type 18 .

Reaction Tab  Kinetic Reaction type 19 .

Reaction Tab  Kinetic Reaction type Berubah dari not ready menjadi ready 20 .

Reaction Tab  Kinetic Reaction type Connect set reaction to fluid package 21 .

Reaction Tab Set page 22 .

Reaction Tab Set page 23 .

Fluid Package Tab  Rxns Tab 24 .

Simulation Environment (Feed stream  Workbook icon) 25 .

Simulation Environment (Feed stream  Workbook icon) 26 .

Simulation Environment (Feed stream Water) 27 .

Install Unit Operations  Mixer Fungsi : mencampurkan aliran water dan propylene oxide 28 .

Result Mixer Out Hasil sementara keluaran mixer 29 .

Install Unit Operations Reactor CSTR  Design Tab  Connections Fungsi : mereaksikan water dan propylene oxide 30 .

Install Unit Operations Reactor CSTR  Design Tab  Parameters 31 .

Reaktor CSTR Reactions Tab  Parameters 32 .

Reaktor CSTR Worksheet Tab  Conditions 33 .

Reaktor CSTR Reaction Tab  Results 34 .

Cek Sensitivitas Tools  DataBook  Variables Tab Tentukan variabel yang akan menjadi independent dan dipendent 35 .

Cek Sensitivitas Tools  DataBook  Case Studies Tab Independent dan dependent variables 36 .

Cek Sensitivitas Tools  DataBook  Case Studies Tab 37 .

Cek Sensitivitas Tools  DataBook  Results 38 .

Install Unit Operations Distillation Columns Fungsi :memisahkan liquid produk reaktor dgn komponen lainnya 39 .

Install Unit Operations Distillation Columns 40 .

Install Unit Operations Distillation Columns 41 .

Install Unit Operations Distillation Columns 42 .

Distillation Columns (Add Specification) 43 .

Distillation Columns (Run) 44 .

Results Performance Tab 45 .

Results Worksheet Tab 46 .

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