National Seminar on Teacher Education

SCERT-IFIG Chhattisgarh

Why Teacher Education ?
Some Critical Questions

Dr. Mahendra Mishra

What they say on teacher and education?

• Gandhi
• Tagore • Freire

Mahatma Gandhi
• Every body who is incapable of learning has taken to teaching. •Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and not as a hard duty. • I belong to the old school which believed in reverence for teachers. • We assess the value of education in the same manner as we assess the value of land or of shares in the stock-exchange market.

(M. K. Gandhi True Education on the NCTE site)

Rejected seven schools and opened a University

• The regular type of school is a manufactory and is a mere method of discipline specially designed for grinding out uniform results. • The highest education is that which does not merely give us information, but makes our life in harmony with all existence. • Don't limit a child to your own learning, for she was born in another time.

Rabindranath Tagore

Brazilian Educator Paulo Freire

• Learning in social contexts through the ages , people discovered that it was possible to develop ways , paths, and methods of teaching.
• The teaching task requires the capacity to fight for freedom with out which the teaching task becomes meaningless.

What is Education?
A critical understanding of reality •Making a commitment to Utopia and changing reality •Training those who will make change •Dialogue between teachers and children (Freire)

Then and Now …
Change of Status and Ideology

•From Teacher to Educational Worker
•Knowledge as a quest to product •Shift from the ethics of teaching to course completion syndrome ,no scope for curiosity and questioning •Expecting result than strengthening teaching proocess


•Many disjointed and discontinued wave of schemes
and programmesSOPT-LWB-MLL-JFL-MGT- MLT-HAL,MAL,LAL , ADETPS- Time on Task - LEP – ALM - and now CCE… in which teachers are to work out – not for the children or them selves but for their immediate authority .. •And half digested theory and methods they practice..

Teachers : Do we count them?
• Teachers are considered as object of educational reform-

We want reform, not the teachers or the villagers..
• Unfavourable socio - political and ideological climate • Teachers have been historically disempowered. • Sociological and philosophical foundation of teaching and learning were neglected. • Changed public perception about teachers. • Degenerated ,non-professional and Personality Vacuum

Current scenario
• Indian education is a battle field between western educators (

Behavioourists, Dewey ,Piaget and Freire) and little discussion on
Tagore or Gandhi. • Teachers professionalism is reduced to delivering the teaching – not reflecting the learning or creating curiosity among the children • Management of pedagogy- that limit the teacher and learners than go beyond that ( no curiosity or creativity- essay about a Cow or My School is universally uniform one)

• Discord between experts and teachers( teachers participation is
limited )

Teacher Education Objectives
• Understand that with out learning there is no teaching

• Teaching is not just transfer of knowledge but to
construct and create knowledge jointly by teacher and learners • Who ever teaches learns in the act of teaching and who ever learn teaches in the act of learning. (Freire)


• From programmed learning to curiosity and creative learning • Respecting what children know and ensure their autonomy

• Cultural identity
• ( socio-political,linguistic,ethnic) of teachers and learners could be the strength of maintaining cultural democracy than just imparting context neutral core texts.

I cannot be a teacher with out exposing who I am -Freire
• Knowing one’s unfinishedness/incompleteness • Joy of recognising my ignorance • Believe in change and optimistic

• Gain competence and gain generous -authority
• Enjoying freedom with risk • Learn how to listen • Openness to dialogue and respect others view

Teachers vision
The land I stand is my globe.

I have to understand my globe from my land.
I have to learn from my children’s failure I cannot get rid of my own reality I analyse my world around me and I try to bring a change with courage I love to struggle for a better life and it is practice. As I am influenced by my circumstances, my intellectual activity also transform the world around me.

This Seminar
• A place where we can listen to each other , understand, learn and practice • Build solidarity between teacher community, experts • Respect equality in education • Understand teachers pain, discontent, disempowerment • Foster system’s faith on teaching community

• Believe that knowledge provide authority of a teacher

Now Listen to my friend
Mr.R.K.Verma from SCERT CG

Thank You

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