• Bring your copy of the Constitution – or at least a copy of s.

24 • Minister of Health & Welfare v Woodcarb (Pty) Ltd and Another 1996 (3) SA 155 (N) • Hichange Investments (Pty) Ltd v Cape Produce Company (Pty) Ltd t/a Pelts Products and Others 2004 (2) SA 393 ECD

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Milestones: The UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. and is better known as Earth Summit. It also brought forth two treaties: • the Convention on Biological Diversity. . • Agenda 21. and • the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (which led to the Kyoto Protocol). and • the UNCED Forest Principles. It produced three non-binding instruments: • the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. including the Commission on Sustainable Development. It also led to the establishment of new international institutions.

the Secretariat. handling and use of living biotechnology-modified organisms that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Finally. and collect and disseminate information. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is a supplementary agreement to the Convention. which plays a key role in making recommendations to the COP on scientific and technical issues.Milestones: The 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity was opened for signature at Rio Earth Summit. The object of the Protocol is to contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the safe transfer. sought to slow the pace of plant extinction around the world by 2010. taking into account risks to human health and focusing on transboundary movement. Technical & Technological Advice (SBSTTA). and • fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. draft documents. . whose main functions are to organize meetings. a committee composed of experts from member governments competent in relevant fields. • sustainable use of its components. and The Subsidiary body for Scientific. adopted in 2000 as a specific consequence of the Convention. It had three main goals: • conservation of biological diversity. the Convention established • • • the Conference of the Parties (COP). operating under the United Nations Environment Programme. which is the convention's governing body consisting of all governments (and regional economic integration organizations) that have ratified the treaty. assist member governments in the implementation of the programme of work. coordinate with other international organizations. The Convention also established the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation.

They are kept in a database of Partnerships for Sustainable Development. These were to be the key means to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. which are the more classic outcome of international treaties). and • the Johannesburg Principles on the role of law and sustainable development. Instead of new agreements between governments.Milestones: The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002 yielded • the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development. . the Earth Summit was organised mostly around almost 300 “partnership initiatives.” known as Type II (as opposed to Type I Parnerships. • the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development.

The outcome document was titled “The Future We Want.Milestones: Rio + 20 was centred around Agenda 21: assessing progress.” The 192 governments present renewed their commitment to sustainable development. . and new and emerging issues. implementation gaps. and securing renewed political commitment.

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