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Southeast Asia

J.N. S.D. G.L. M.P.

Cambodia. Brunei and the Philippines • It consists of a mainland peninsula and a group of islands • Never been united • 5 rivers (including Mekong).D. Thailand. and southwest of Japan and Korea • Burma. . Singapore.Geography • Southeast Asia lays south of China. Indonesia. Malaysia. hills and mountains (Himalayas) S. Laos. Vietnam.

Korea learned about centralized government and decided to adapt it to it’s culture.L. •Prince Shotoku also tried to initiate China’s examination system. •Through China. •Korea adapted borrowed Chinese culture to fit it's own needs and maintained a distinct way of life G. . •Japan soon modeled its china’s government . Prince Shotoku planned a strong central government similar to the tang rulers.Chinese governmental influence on southeast Asian culture •Japan sent many groups of people to china to learn about it’s culture.

. Confucianism and Taoism. •Chinese religions included Buddhism. G. • Chinese religion was spread throughout countries such as Vietnam. Japan.China’s Religious influence on Southeast Asian culture •China was a nation that influenced Southeast Asia in many ways.L. Korea and Khmer. such as the broad spectrum of religion.

N. Japan . J. Korea China Vietnam Srivijaya Khmer/Cambodia While today Buddhism is widespread. the religion began in India and first branched out to Southeast Asia.The Spread of Buddhism in Southeast Asia *Buddhism spread throughout many countries in Southeast Asia.

*The main goal of Thereavada Buddhism. J. enlightenment. .Some facts about Buddhism *Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama in the 6th century B. and following the Tibetan Buddhism. *There is also: This happened by Zen Buddhism.N. It began in India and eventually spread out to Southeast Asia. *When Buddhism began to expand.C. it branched out into three different forms. eightfold path. reach Vajrayana Buddhism. Buddhism was to Mahayana Buddhism.

This dynasty ruled on the island of Java and the temple was built around A. S. was built during the Khmer Empire and still stands today. · Buddhist temple at Borobudur: This temple was the highlight of Sailendra achievement. It was used for worship and as an observatory for Cambodian astronomers. dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.D.D. . 800.Architecture · Angkor Wat: This temple.

This and many others were found south of Wellawaya in Sri Lanka.Architecture · Rock Carvings: This rock carving of Buddha dates back to the 10th century. 957. . It dates back to A. · Van Mieu: This translates to “Temple of Literature”. · Banteay Srei Temple: Constructed in A.D. “Citadel of the Woman”. shows artistic discipline in detail of early Cambodian people.D.D. S. 1072 during the Ly Dynasty in Vietnam.

 Rice cultivation was key to their success as an empire.  Khmer Capital. They ruled as an empire from about A. and forced the invention of new technology. 1200.Angkor S. . Heavily Forested (Rain and Deciduous)  Khmer Empire: The early Funan Kingdom were the central power controlling The Southeast Asian mainland.D. 800 until about A.D. Seacoast on the Gulf of Thailand • Topography: The Dangrek Mountain Range and Cardamom Mountains (Form natural borders). It gave food to the people.Cambodia  Location: Mainland of South East Asia. Between Thailand and Vietnam.D. The Funan Kingdom controlled sea trade between Indian. China and Cambodia. Shares border with Laos.

M. .  Korea is isolated by the surrounding mountains and seas.P.Korea Geography  Korea is on a peninsula that stretches out from the Asian mainland toward Japan.

P. Buddhist monasteries. and writing from Chinese. Koreans learned ideas of centralized government. Buddhism. Silla developed a writing system using Chinese characters. Under Silla rule. Confucianism. and they made stone and bronze sculptures were made. M.C. .gained control over Korea in the mid600s. The Silla.Early History Spread of Buddhism  The Han Empire conquered much of Korea in     108 B.

The Koryu M. . officer Wang Kon took over the Silla. Koryu Dynasty lasts from 935 to 1392. In 1392. scholar-officials and military leaders overthrow the Koryu Dynasty.        In 935. Their Centralized government was modeled after China’s. Mongols invaded Korea in 1231 until the 1350s. Koryu society was divided by aristocracy and population. Wang Kon rules over Koryu Dynasty.P.

P.  They produces celdon pottery which had a milky green glaze.  Korean printers carves large wooden blocks for printing the Buddhist scriptures.Koryu Culture  The Koryu culture created great achievements in Korean culture. . M.  Writers and scholars wrote poems and the first national history of Korea.

html>. Illinois: McDougal Littell. Naylor. . A Brief History of Taekwondo. World Hostory Patterns of Interaction. 308-311.msu. Krieger. Map of Korea. Phillip .edu/~spock/history. 2008 http://www.paulnoll.Citations "Asian Historical Architecture. Roger B. Shabaka.html>. Beck. Larry S. <http://www. Koryo. 2008 <http://www. Linda Black. 6 1999.orientalarchitecture. and Dashia I. Evanston." Oriental Architecture. 6 Feb.