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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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• Harmonics and fundamental component.

• Filter size decreases with the increase of

harmonics.

• Q phase filter has fundamental component

of qf frequency.

• Also known as star rectifier.

• May be considered as q

single-phase half-wave

rectifier.

• K-th diode conducts during the

period when the voltage of k-th

phase is greater than that of

other phases.

• The conduction period of each

diode is 2π/q.

• Primary must be delta

connected to compensate the

dc component flowing through

secondary windings.

Assuming a cosine wave from π/q to 2π/q, the average o/p voltage is.

π /q π /q

2 q q π

Vdc =

2π / q ∫0 m

V cos ωt d (ωt ) = Vm

π

sin ωt

0

= Vm

π

sin

q

..... (1)

1/ 2 1/ 2

2 π /q q ω t sin 2ω t π / q q π 1 2π

Vrms = ∫0 m ω ω = Vm + = + sin

2

V cos t d ( t ) m V ..... (2)

2π / q π 2 4 0 2π q 2 q

If the load is purely resistive then peak current through the diode is

Im = Vm/R and the rms current through a diode is,

π /q 1/ 2

2 (Integrating over the whole period, 2π)

Is = ∫0 I m cos ωt d (ωt )

2 2

2π

1/ 2 1/ 2

1 π 1 2π V 1 π 1 2π Vs

I s = Im + sin = m + sin =

2π q 2 q R 2π q 2 q R

Three phase bridge rectifiers

• Full-wave rectifier.

• Gives six-pulse ripples on

the o/p voltage.

• Conduction sequence of

diodes are,

12,23,34,45,56,61.

• The pair of diodes which

are connected between

that pair of supply lines

having the highest line-to-

line instantaneous

voltage will conduct.

• Line to line voltage,

Vij = 3V p

• Average o/p voltage,

2 π /6

Vdc =

2π / 6 ∫0

3Vm cos ωt d (ωt ) (Vm is the peak phase voltage)

3 3

= V =1.654V

π m m

2 π / 6

1/ 2

6.3 ωt sin 2ωt

Vrms = ∫ 3Vm cos ωt d (ωt ) = Vm +

2 2

2π / 6 0

π 2 4 0

1/ 2 1/ 2

18 π / 6 1 2π 18 18 3 3 9 3

= Vm + sin = Vm + . = Vm + = 1.6554Vm

π 2 4 6 12 4π 2 2 4π

1/ 2

π /6

1/ 2

2 ωt 1

Rms diode current, I r = 2. 2

π /6

2π ∫

0

I m2 cos2 ωt d (ωt )

= + sin 2ωt

π 2 4 0

1/ 2

1 π 1 2π

= I m + sin = 0.5518 I m

π 6 2 6

Rms value of transformer secondary current,

1/ 2 1/ 2

4 π /6 4 π 1 2π

I s = 2.

2π

∫

0

I m2 cos2 ωt d (ωt )

= Im + sin

π 2.6 4 6

1/ 2

2 π 1 2π

= I m + sin = 0.7804 I m

π 6 2 6

I m = 3Vm / R

3-phase bridge rectifier with RL

load

π 2π

vab = 2Vab sin ωt for ≤ ωt ≤

3 3

di

L + RiL + E = 2Vab sin ωt

dt

2Vab −( R ) t E

iL = sin(ωt − θ ) + A1e L − ... (3 - 81)

Z R

1

2 2 2

and load impedance angle θ = tan

−

.

R

The constant A1 can be found from the initial condition: at ωt = π 3 , i = I .

L 1

2Vab π − ( R ) (π ) E

I1 = sin − θ + A1e L 3ω −

Z 3 R

E 2Vab π − ( R ) (π )

I1 + − sin − θ = A1e L 3ω

R Z 3

E 2Vab π ( R ) (π )

A1 = I1 + − sin − θ e L 3ω

R Z 3

2Vab E 2Vab π −( R L )t ( R L )(π 3ω) E

iL = sin (ωt −θ ) + I1 + − sin −θ e e −

Z R Z 3 R

( R L ) 3ω−t E

π

2Vab E 2Vab π

iL = sin (ωt −θ ) + I1 + − sin −θ e − . . . (3 - 82)

Z R Z 3 R

2Vab L 3ω − 3ω E

R π 2π R π 2π R π 2π

− π −

sin ( ωt − θ ) − sin − θ e

L 3ω 3ω L 3ω 3ω

I1 (1 − e )= − 1 − e

Z 3

R

R π 2π

π −

sin ( ωt − θ ) − sin − θ e L 3ω 3ω

2Vab 3 E

I1 = R π 2π

−

Z − R

(1 − e L 3ω 3ω )

R π

π −

sin ( ωt − θ ) − sin − θ e L 3ω

2Vab 3 E

I1 =

R π

− for I1 ≥ 0 . . . (3 - 83)

Z − R

(1 − e L 3ω )

Which after substituting in eq (3-82) and then simplifying, gives

2Vab

sin (3

)

2π − θ − sin π − θ R π

3 − E

iL = sin ( ωt − θ ) + R π

e L 3ω

−

Z −

L 3ω R

(1 − e )

for π/3 ≤ ωt ≤ 2π / 3 and iL ≥ 0 ... (3 - 84)

1/ 2

2 2π

Ir = ∫π / 3 L ω

3 2

i d ( t )

2π

Rms o/p current is the combination of rms current of each diode.

I rms = 3I r

Effects of source and load

inductance

at π vac and vbc are equal and I dc still flows through D1.

The current id 1 decreases, resulting and induced

voltage across L1 of + vL1 and o/p becomes vL = vac + vL1.

At the same time o/p voltage due to vbc is vL = vbc − vL 2 .

Result is anode voltage of D1 and D3 are equal and both

diodes conducts for some time which is called commutation

angle µ .

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