You are on page 1of 43

A COURSE ON GEOMETRICAL DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING

1
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

REVIEW OF INDIAN STANDARS

2
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

REVIEW OF INDIAN STANDARDS RELATED TO DRAWING PRCTICE / DESIGN

IS 696-1972 Code of practice for general engineering drawing was issued indicating the various general recommendations like sheet sizes, scales, dimensioning & tolerancing, method of projection, surface roughness, welding symbols etc. ISO has published number of standards on various subjects covered in IS:696-1972. BIS has subsequently adopted all these standards and IS:696-1972 was made obsolete.

3
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

REVIEW OF INDIAN STANDARDS..Contd.


IS:9609 English lettering for technical drawings. IS:10711 Sizes of drawing sheets. IS:10712 Presentation of item references on technical drawings. IS:10713 Scales for use in technical drawings. IS:10714 General principles of presentation on technical drawings. IS:10715 Presentation of threaded parts on technical drawings. IS:10716 Rules for representation of springs on technical drawings. IS:10717 Conventional representation of gears on technical drawings. IS:10718 Method of dimensioning and tolerancing cones on technical drawings. IS:10719 Method of indicating surface texture on technical drawings. IS 10720 Technical drawings for structural metal works. IS:11663 Conventional representation of common features and materials on technical drawings. IS:11669 General principles of dimensioning on technical drawings.
4

REVIEW OF INDIAN STANDARDS..Contd.

IS:919 (2 parts) IS:2102(2 parts) IS:2709 IS:8000(4 parts)

ISO system of limits and fits. General tolerances. Guide for selection of fits. Tolerances of form and position for engineering drawings. IS:3073 Assessment of surface roughness. IS:4218 (6 parts) ISO Metric screw threads

5
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

RECOMMENDED SCALES

Full Scale 1:1

Reduced Scale Enlarged Scale 1:2 10:1 1:2.5 5:1 1:5 2:1 1:10 1:20 1:50 1:100 1:200

6
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Projections
The symbol is indicated on the drawing clearly in the title block.
Symbol for first angle projection

Symbol for third angle projection

7
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning on Engg. Drgs.


Dimensions shall be given from visible out lines rather than from hidden lines.

8
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning on Engg. Drgs.

It is preferable to give dimensions from a base line or a centre line of a hole or a cylindrical part.

9
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning .... Contd..


Dimensioning to a center line shall be avoided except when the center line passes through the centre of a hole or a cylindrical part.

10
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning .... Contd..


Dimension lines and projection lines are drawn as continuous thin lines. Projection lines should extend slightly beyond the dimension line.

11
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning .... Contd..


Construction and intersecting projection lines should extend slightly beyond the point of intersection.

12
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning .... Contd..


Leaders which touch the lines shall not be normally inclined less than 30o angle.

Should not be parallel to the adjacent dimension or projection line.

13
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning .... Contd..

Use of common leader should be avoided.

14
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning Arrows

15
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Inscription of dimensions

16
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Addition of letters and symbols

The diameter symbol is used, before a dimension to indicate the diameter.

17
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Addition of letters and symbols


The letter R is used, before a dimension to indicate a radius.

18
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Addition of letters and symbols


The letter SQ is used, before a dimension to indicate a square.

19
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Addition of letters and symbols


The letter HEX is used, to indicate a hexagon before across dimension.

20
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Addition of letters and symbols


The word SPHERE is used, to indicate a spherical surface before the radius or diameter dimension.

21
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Special indications
To indicate a surface or a surface zone to give an additional treatment which shall be applied within limits to be specified on the drawing.

22
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Arrangement of dimensions

Chain dimensioning

23
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Arrangement of dimensions

Parallel dimensioning

24
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Arrangement of dimensions

Combined dimensioning

25
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning by coordinates

26
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Dimensioning by coordinatescontd.

27
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Superimposed running dimensioning

28
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Equidistant features

29
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Equal dimensions

30
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Assembled parts

31
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

The tolerance value restricted to the specified length.

32
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

ANGULAR DIMENSIONS

33
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

DIMENSIONING OF KEY WAYS & TAPERS

34
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

35
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

36
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

TOLERANCES FOR LINEAR AND ANGULAR DIMENSIONS WITHOUT INDIVIDUAL TOLERANCE INDICATIONS

37

INDICATIONS ON THE DRAWINGS


GENERAL TOLERANCES FOR LINEAR DIMENSIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS.

Designation f m c v

Description fine medium course very course


38

THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

INDICATIONS ON THE DRAWINGS


General tolerances about the untoleranced dimensions to be given near the title block in the drawing. Ex: Un toleranced dimensions as per : IS 2102 medium.

Permissible deviations for linear dimensions


Permissible deviations for basic size range
Designation Description

0.5 3

36

6 - 30

30 120

120 400

400 1000

1000 2000

2000 4000

f m c v

fine medium course very course

0.05 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5

0.1 0.2 0.5 1

0.15 0.3 0.8 1.5

0.2 0.5 1.2 2.5

0.3 0.8 2 4

0.5 1.2 3 6

2 4 8

For nominal sizes below 0.5mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size (s)
39
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

GENERAL TOLERANCES FOR RADII AND CHAMFER HEIGHTS

Permissible deviations for basic size range


Designation Description
fine medium course very course 0.5 - 3 Over 3 6 Over 6

f m
c v

0.2

0.5

0.4

For nominal sizes below 0.5mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size (s)

40
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

ANGULAR DIMENSIONS

Shorter side of the angle concerned

Permissible deviations for ranges of lengths, in mm, of the shorter side of the angle concerned
Designation Description
fine Upto 10 Over 10-50 Over 50-120 Over 120400 Over 400

m
c v

medium
course

1o 1o30 3o

0o30 1o 2o

0o20 0o30 1o

0o10 0o15 0o30

0o5 0o10 0o20


41

very course

THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

TOLERANCE DISPOSITION CHART

42
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Accuracy expected of manufacturing process

43
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY