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# MAJOR PROJECT PHASE-1

## Performance Analysis of Equalization Techniques for MIMO-OFDM System in Wireless Communication

Submitted by Shilpi Rai (09502917) Monika Tanwar (09502936) Batch :A-7
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Introduction MIMO System Model MIMO OFDM System Equalization Zero Forcing Zero Forcing-SIC Zero Forcing-Optimal Ordering MMSE MMSE-SIC References
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INTRODUCTION
In

deep fading conditions, in order to improve the capacity of the channel, it is necessary to use multiple antennas at the transmitting and at the receiving end.
The

main motivation for using OFDM in a MIMO channel is the fact that OFDM modulation turns a frequency-selective channel into a set of parallel-flat frequency MIMO channels.
Equalization

techniques which can combat and/or exploit the frequency selectivity of the wireless channel are of enormous importance in the design of high data rate wireless systems.

s1
User data stream . . s2

## h11 h12 . . Channel Matrix H

y1
y2 . yM . User data stream

.
. sM

Where H =

MR

## h1M h2M .hMM

hij is a Complex Gaussian random variable that models fading gain between the ith transmit and jth receive antenna 3

## MIMO OFDM SYSTEM

multiple antennas are used

OFDM signal is transmitted through a number of antennas in order to achieve diversity or cap any gain (higher transmission rate)

## Equalization compensates for or mitigates inter-symbol

interference (ISI) created by multipath in time dispersive channels (frequency selective fading channels).

Noise

## Equalizer must be adaptive, since channels are time

varying.
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Classification of equalizers

ZERO FORCING
The basic idea of zero forcing algorithm is get rid of MIMO-channel interference by multiplying received signal and the inverse matrix of channel matrix. Zero-Forcing solution of MIMO-OFDM system is as follows:

## MIMO System 2x2 MODEL

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MMSE
The Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) approach tries to find a coefficient W,

When comparing to the equation in Zero Forcing equalizer , apart from the term both the equations are comparable. In fact, when the noise term is zero, the MMSE equalizer reduces to Zero Forcing equalizer.
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REFERENCES
[1] Kuldeep Kumar, A comparison of different detection algorithms

in a MIMO system, IJAEST, Vol No. 7, Issue No. 2, 301 304, April, 2011.
[2] Theodore. S. Rappaport, WirelessCommunication, 2nd Edition, PHI,2002. [3] P.Banelli,OFDM signal in fading channels ,IEEE Trans, on wireless comm. vol.2, no. 2, pp.284-293, March, 2003.

[4] SIMULINK Communications Toolbox Users Guide, 1996 - 1997 by The MathWorks, Inc. Weizheng Wang.
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THANK YOU

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