SEWING MACHINES

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Arm Hand wheel Reverse stitch control. Stitch length regulator Thread spindle Pressure regulator. Thread retainer. Take-up lever. Thread guides. Presser foot

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Needle bar Needle screw Presser bar Feed dogs Throat plate Needle Stitch hole (needle hole) Center Post Bobbin Bobbin case
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Shank Heel Sole Toes

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• Arm: - It houses the drive shafts • Hand wheel: - It controls the motion of the machine manually or electrically • Reverse stitch control: - It changes the stitch direction. • Stitch length regulator: - It indicates and changes the SPI (Stitches per inch) / SPM
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• Thread spindle: - It holds the spool of thread • Pressure regulator: - It is the control that regulates the amount of pressure on Presser foot. • Thread retainer: - (Pre-tensioner) It applies small amount of tension to the disc so that the thread will flow uniformly in the tension discs.
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• Take-up lever: - It first loosens the thread for stitch formation then removes any slack to set or lock the stitch.
• Thread guides: - (thread eyelets) they smooth the thread and protect it from abrasion.

• Presser foot:- It holds the fabric in place for stitching
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Take Up Lever
Take-up lever: - It first loosens the thread for stitch formation then removes any slack to set or lock the stitch.

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Thread Retainer & Guides

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Thread Spindle/Stand

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• Needle bar: - It holds one or more needles and moves the needle up and down. • Needle screw: - (needle bar clamp) it holds the needle with the needle bar. • Presser bar: - The bar to which presser foot is attached. • Feed dogs :- (feed dog, feeder or feed) the toothed mechanism beneath the presser foot that moves fabric forward and backward.

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• Throat plate: - It protects the lower part from building excess lint. • Needle: - It penetrates the fabric. It takes the thread to the hook or shuttle and up again to make the stitch. • Stitch hole (needle hole):- The hole in the throat plate the needle carries the thread into the hole so that it can interlock with the bobbin thread.
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Needle Bar & Screw

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Throat Plate & Needle Bar

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THROAT PLATE

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Needle Hole, Presser Foot, Feed Dog

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Feed Dog

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Bobbin Mechanism
• Center Post: - A part of shuttle or rotary hook. It holds the bobbin case in position (stationary). Hence, bobbin and shuttle can move independently. Bobbin rotates about the center post. • Bobbin: - It holds the lower supply of thread
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Bobbin Mechanism
• Hook: - A rotating device that hooks the needle thread to carry it around the bobbin and form the lock in the lockstitch. • Bobbin case: - It holds the bobbin

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HOOK

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Bobbin Case & Bobbin

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Bobbin Assembly

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PRESSER FOOT
• Shank: - It holds the presser foot • Heel: - The back of presser foot.

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PRESSER FOOT
• Sole: - (shoe or slipper) it contacts with cloth. It helps smooth movement of fabric. • Toes: - (Prongs) the front end that faces oncoming cloth. On zipper foot, cording foot there is only one toe.

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PRESSER FOOT

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BED TYPES

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Flat Bed

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Post Bed

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Cylindrical bed

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Feed of the arm

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Raised Bed

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Overlock Machine

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Looper

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Different Types of Looper

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Button Hole Machine

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Button Sewing Machine

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Threading of Overlock Machine

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