To p G u n

Q UARTERBACK • R ECEIVER S CH OOL

The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads

Basic Coverages
Cover 3 Zone  Cover 2 Zone  Quarters  Cover 1 Free Man  Cover 0 Man

COVER 3 ZONE

FS Zone 1/3
Zone 1/3

C Zone 1/3 M
Hook Curl / flat

C M
Hook

SSCurl / flat T S

W

T

N QB

STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.

WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.

COVER 2 ZONE

Zone 1/2 FS

SS Zone 1/2

C Flat

Flat Hash

W

Middle

M

Hash

S

C

E

T

T

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Five underneath coverage. 2. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. 3. Can rush four. 4. Flat areas.

WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.

QUARTERS COVERAGE
Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from FS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from SS SS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1.

FS

C W
Responsible for flat coverage.

C M S

E

Wall off anything that comes T T underneath.

Responsible for flat coverage.

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Four-deep coverage. 2. Run support from safeties. 3. Ability to double cover outside receivers. 4. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties.

WEAKNESSES 1. Flat coverage. 2. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. 3. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety.

a. Out routes. breaking routes.COVER 1 FREE FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. 4. 2. 3. Good run support to SS. No underneath help. WEAKNESSES 1. 3. Can rush five. pick routes. 2. . Help in the deep middle. Play action passes. Tight coverage. crossing routes. b. c.

Pass rush. 2. crossing routes. WEAKNESSES 1. Nobody in the middle of the field deep post route. c. a. Can rush six. No underneath help. 3. 4. 2.COVER 0 MAN C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS 1. breaking routes. . pick routes. b. Tight coverage. Good run support.

Basic Quarterback Reads           #1 The Slant Read #2 The Stick Read #3 The Inside Sideline Read #4 The Curl Read #5 The Sideline Read #6 The Dig Read #7 The Double Square-in Read #8 The Deep Out Read #9 The Deep Reads #10 Man (Single-coverage Reads) .

.Quarterback Pre-snap    Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center. they will do it after you get under center.  If the defense is going to shift. Number of receivers.  Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read.  Number of defenders vs. Look for the safeties.

 Look for possible blitzes. Know where all the routes are going to be run. .  Leverage refers to the defender’s relationship to the receiver.Quarterback Pre-snap    Look at the defender’s leverage.  Know where your hot routes are. or the area of the field the defender must cover. At this point the QB will have a pretty good idea of where he is going to go with the ball – this is extremely important.

take two shuffle-steps up in the pocket max.During The Dropback  Realize you are making the final decision on where to go with the ball on your way back -. • For example. go to the contingency plan right away. .  If you haven’t made a decision by the time you get to the end of your drop. you’ve made a decision on where to go with the ball and you’re waiting for the receiver to break away from the defender.not at the end of your drop. before going to the contingency plan.  With the exception of a quick 3-step drop.

hit the slant.  . hit the flat / swing route.  If he goes flat.#1 The Slant Read Key flat defender.  Throw away from the flat defender. Strong Safety or CB.  If he covers the slant.  OLB.

 If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 – 3) . the drop will be shallower (three-quick) so the QB can throw in front of him. the drop will be deeper (three-big) so the QB can throw behind him. .  If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 – 3) .The Slant Drop  The Quarterback’s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender’s leverage.

SLANT .FLAT / SWING READ FS C C SS W QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .

 .  Vs cover 2. then the stick.  Look for the flat.  Check pre-snap leverage. look to the strong-side fade first.  Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route.#2 The Stick Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.

LOOK AT FLAT ROUTE FIRST. .C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 3 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET "STICK" ROUTE OPEN.

FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BIG HOLD THROW IN THE HOLE TO THE Z RECEIVER .

 Look for the swing.  . then the sideline.  Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route.#3 The Inside .Sideline Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  Check pre-snap leverage.

1 C FS 1 C W E T M T S E SS QB 2 5 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET TE ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT SWING ROUTE FIRST. .

 If he drops to curl. hit the curl.  If he goes flat. hit the flat / swing route.  .#4 The Curl Read Key flat defender. Strong Safety or CB.  OLB.  Throw away from the flat defender.

FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 1 SS READ C LB READ 2 QB 2 5 BIG HITCH (READ LB or SS) TO GET CURL OPEN LOOK TO SWING or FLAT FIRST .CURL .

 OLB. Check corner and safety alignment.#5 The Sideline Read     Vs cover 2. Strong Safety or CB.  If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. . the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route. throw to the stop or seam. Key flat defender. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment.

SIDELINE .STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ C1 B READ 2 2 SS QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .

take a look at what the linebackers are doing. go for the dig.  While dropping back. hit the drag.  . the drag usually becomes the safest throw. Quarters coverage.  If they jump or wall the drag.#6 The Dig Read Key the underneath coverage.  If they drop.  Vs.

LOOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST. .DIG .DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B B SS C 2 QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ INSIDE BACKER) TO GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN.

DIG . . LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.DRAG READ FS C W READ M S SS C QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ BACKERS) TO GET THE "DIG" ROUTE OPEN.

throw to the area they vacate.  .  If either LB or SS takes away the deep square-in.#7 The Double Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety.  If LB takes medium square-in route and SS takes flat area. hit the deep square-in.

RB LAST .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ 1 C B B N QB B B SS READ C 3 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO SS) TO GET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST.DEEP SQUARE-IN .

DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M READSS S C 3 QB 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO STRONG SAFETY) .

 If the corner comes off the WR. cover 2  The flat route will hold the corner. .#8 The Deep Out Read  Great route vs. hit the flat route right away.  If the corner runs with the WR. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out.

FLAT READ 1 C FS SS 1 2 LB READ READ C 2 VS COVER 3 7 BIG HITCH 7 QUICK HITCH VS COVER 2 THE FLAT ROUTE SHOULD ANCHOR THE CORNER .DEEP OUTSIDE .

FLAT READ FS C C SS W QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 BIG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFETY) .DEEP OUTSIDE .

Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions.#9 The Deep Reads     This is a timing pass. . Get a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read. let the ball go to an underneath receiver. If you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop).

TO GET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C B OUTLET C B N T B B OUTLET T 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) LOOK TO THE SIDE THE BACK RELEASES TO (THIS WILL ANCHOR THE CORNER). HIT TE AS HE PASSES THE BACKER DROP. .

Cover Three  The inside seams are the first read.  Hit the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards.  Throw away from safety coverage.  Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.  .Four Verticals Four verticals vs.

HIT SLOT AS HE PASSES THE BACKERS DROP.DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B SS B N B B C 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) TO GET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. .

.Incorporating More Complex QB Reads  Once the QB is aware of the fundamentals of reading zones. the basic reads can now be incorporated into almost any number of more complex reads.

. and the Dig Read.Alert 2 FS C Alert C 1 SS W E T QB M T S E 3 As an example.) This pattern has two different types of basic reads built into it -The Deep Read. a typical pattern breakdown will go something like this: 1.

followed by which receiver will be open second. The progression of the pattern is based on which receiver will break open first. It should be noted that in many offenses. . and so on. the pattern that is designed to open up first is the “bait” route.2 FS 1 SS W E T QB M T S E We will isolate and teach the Dig Read first. He will stick to this read versus a typical cover four (in most cases).

he will be alert for the two deep routes.Alert Alert C FS (Read) C SS W E T QB M T S E If the QB sees cover three with the right leverage. he doesn’t like what he sees. If in the first three steps of his drop. He will look off the safety. and make the appropriate deep throw quickly. . he will go immediately to his Dig Read – then to his outlet or contingency plan if time permits.

the QB will know where all five of his receivers will be as he approaches the LOS. This type of teaching progression assures that the QB has every opportunity to be successful within the offensive system. will make the appropriate read. and according to his PSR. .C FS SS 2 C 1 W E T QB M T S E 3 Eventually.

What are the receiver routes?  Think about possible safety help. What are the individual match-ups?  Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender?  Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? .#10 Man (Single-coverage) Leverage Reads     Where is the blitz coming from?  Identify your hot route(s).

The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play. .FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth.

. The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult time getting making the play.FS C C QB Quick Out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth.

FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. Although the corners have equal leverage. There is a much better throwing lane on the left. . the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane.

The backer on the left side can't get into the passing lane. . The corner on the left has a inside out leverage.FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. He is giving up the out.

The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route. .FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would most likely be pulled out of the passing lane by a flat or swing route to that side.

The corner on the right is playing a little tighter. . The corner on the left is playing deeper and is making sure he will not get get beat deep.C FS C B SS QB Eighteen yard comeback: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw.

. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is more susceptible to a counter route. The corner on the left is playing deep outside and most likely will not bite on the post move.C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw.

C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post. . The Free Safety should be looked off before the throw. The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane.

C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third. . The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner.

To p G u n Q UARTERBACK • R ECEIVER S CH OOL The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads End .

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