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Q UARTERBACK • R ECEIVER S CH OOL
The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads
Cover 3 Zone Cover 2 Zone Quarters Cover 1 Free Man Cover 0 Man
COVER 3 ZONE
FS Zone 1/3
C Zone 1/3 M
Hook Curl / flat
SSCurl / flat T S
STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.
WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.
COVER 2 ZONE
Zone 1/2 FS
SS Zone 1/2
STRENGTHS 1. Five underneath coverage. 2. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. 3. Can rush four. 4. Flat areas.
WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.
Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from FS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from SS SS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1.
Responsible for flat coverage.
C M S
Wall off anything that comes T T underneath.
Responsible for flat coverage.
STRENGTHS 1. Four-deep coverage. 2. Run support from safeties. 3. Ability to double cover outside receivers. 4. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties.
WEAKNESSES 1. Flat coverage. 2. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. 3. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety.
Play action passes. 2. . breaking routes. Can rush five. Good run support to SS. No underneath help. Tight coverage. c. Out routes. 3. 3. WEAKNESSES 1.COVER 1 FREE FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. 2. pick routes. a. Help in the deep middle. 4. crossing routes. b.
pick routes. 4. 2. Tight coverage. 2. c. 3.COVER 0 MAN C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS 1. Can rush six. b. No underneath help. breaking routes. Pass rush. Nobody in the middle of the field deep post route. crossing routes. WEAKNESSES 1. a. . Good run support.
Basic Quarterback Reads #1 The Slant Read #2 The Stick Read #3 The Inside Sideline Read #4 The Curl Read #5 The Sideline Read #6 The Dig Read #7 The Double Square-in Read #8 The Deep Out Read #9 The Deep Reads #10 Man (Single-coverage Reads) .
Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read. If the defense is going to shift. they will do it after you get under center. Number of receivers.Quarterback Pre-snap Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center. Number of defenders vs. . Look for the safeties.
Look for possible blitzes. At this point the QB will have a pretty good idea of where he is going to go with the ball – this is extremely important. Know where your hot routes are. Leverage refers to the defender’s relationship to the receiver.Quarterback Pre-snap Look at the defender’s leverage. Know where all the routes are going to be run. or the area of the field the defender must cover. .
• For example. If you haven’t made a decision by the time you get to the end of your drop. take two shuffle-steps up in the pocket max. before going to the contingency plan. you’ve made a decision on where to go with the ball and you’re waiting for the receiver to break away from the defender. .not at the end of your drop. go to the contingency plan right away.During The Dropback Realize you are making the final decision on where to go with the ball on your way back -. With the exception of a quick 3-step drop.
Throw away from the flat defender.#1 The Slant Read Key flat defender. . OLB. If he goes flat. If he covers the slant. hit the slant. Strong Safety or CB. hit the flat / swing route.
. the drop will be deeper (three-big) so the QB can throw behind him. If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 – 3) . the drop will be shallower (three-quick) so the QB can throw in front of him.The Slant Drop The Quarterback’s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender’s leverage. If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 – 3) .
SLANT .FLAT / SWING READ FS C C SS W QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .
then the stick. look to the strong-side fade first. .#2 The Stick Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area. Look for the flat. Vs cover 2. Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route. Check pre-snap leverage.
C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 3 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET "STICK" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT FLAT ROUTE FIRST. .
FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BIG HOLD THROW IN THE HOLE TO THE Z RECEIVER .
Check pre-snap leverage. .#3 The Inside . Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route. then the sideline.Sideline Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area. Look for the swing.
. LOOK AT SWING ROUTE FIRST.1 C FS 1 C W E T M T S E SS QB 2 5 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET TE ROUTE OPEN.
Throw away from the flat defender. OLB. Strong Safety or CB. If he goes flat.#4 The Curl Read Key flat defender. hit the flat / swing route. If he drops to curl. . hit the curl.
CURL .FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 1 SS READ C LB READ 2 QB 2 5 BIG HITCH (READ LB or SS) TO GET CURL OPEN LOOK TO SWING or FLAT FIRST .
OLB. If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment. . the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route. throw to the stop or seam.#5 The Sideline Read Vs cover 2. Key flat defender. Strong Safety or CB. Check corner and safety alignment.
STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ C1 B READ 2 2 SS QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .SIDELINE .
Vs.#6 The Dig Read Key the underneath coverage. go for the dig. hit the drag. . If they jump or wall the drag. take a look at what the linebackers are doing. If they drop. While dropping back. Quarters coverage. the drag usually becomes the safest throw.
DIG .DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B B SS C 2 QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ INSIDE BACKER) TO GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. . LOOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.
.DRAG READ FS C W READ M S SS C QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ BACKERS) TO GET THE "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.DIG .
hit the deep square-in. throw to the area they vacate. .#7 The Double Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety. If LB takes medium square-in route and SS takes flat area. If either LB or SS takes away the deep square-in.
RB LAST .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ 1 C B B N QB B B SS READ C 3 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO SS) TO GET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST.DEEP SQUARE-IN .
MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M READSS S C 3 QB 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO STRONG SAFETY) .DEEP SQUARE-IN .
If the corner comes off the WR. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out. hit the flat route right away. cover 2 The flat route will hold the corner. . If the corner runs with the WR.#8 The Deep Out Read Great route vs.
FLAT READ 1 C FS SS 1 2 LB READ READ C 2 VS COVER 3 7 BIG HITCH 7 QUICK HITCH VS COVER 2 THE FLAT ROUTE SHOULD ANCHOR THE CORNER .DEEP OUTSIDE .
DEEP OUTSIDE .FLAT READ FS C C SS W QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 BIG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFETY) .
Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions.#9 The Deep Reads This is a timing pass. let the ball go to an underneath receiver. Get a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read. If you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop). .
TO GET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C B OUTLET C B N T B B OUTLET T 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) LOOK TO THE SIDE THE BACK RELEASES TO (THIS WILL ANCHOR THE CORNER). HIT TE AS HE PASSES THE BACKER DROP. .
Hit the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards. . Cover Three The inside seams are the first read.Four Verticals Four verticals vs. Throw away from safety coverage. Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.
DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B SS B N B B C 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) TO GET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. . HIT SLOT AS HE PASSES THE BACKERS DROP.
the basic reads can now be incorporated into almost any number of more complex reads.Incorporating More Complex QB Reads Once the QB is aware of the fundamentals of reading zones. .
) This pattern has two different types of basic reads built into it -The Deep Read. . a typical pattern breakdown will go something like this: 1.Alert 2 FS C Alert C 1 SS W E T QB M T S E 3 As an example. and the Dig Read.
The progression of the pattern is based on which receiver will break open first. He will stick to this read versus a typical cover four (in most cases). It should be noted that in many offenses. and so on. the pattern that is designed to open up first is the “bait” route.2 FS 1 SS W E T QB M T S E We will isolate and teach the Dig Read first. . followed by which receiver will be open second.
If in the first three steps of his drop. he will go immediately to his Dig Read – then to his outlet or contingency plan if time permits. he doesn’t like what he sees. and make the appropriate deep throw quickly. he will be alert for the two deep routes.Alert Alert C FS (Read) C SS W E T QB M T S E If the QB sees cover three with the right leverage. . He will look off the safety.
This type of teaching progression assures that the QB has every opportunity to be successful within the offensive system. and according to his PSR. the QB will know where all five of his receivers will be as he approaches the LOS. will make the appropriate read.C FS SS 2 C 1 W E T QB M T S E 3 Eventually. .
What are the receiver routes? Think about possible safety help. What are the individual match-ups? Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender? Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? .#10 Man (Single-coverage) Leverage Reads Where is the blitz coming from? Identify your hot route(s).
The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play.FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. .
.FS C C QB Quick Out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult time getting making the play.
the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane. . There is a much better throwing lane on the left. Although the corners have equal leverage.FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw.
FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage. . He is giving up the out. The backer on the left side can't get into the passing lane.
. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route. The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would most likely be pulled out of the passing lane by a flat or swing route to that side.FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw.
The corner on the right is playing a little tighter. The corner on the left is playing deeper and is making sure he will not get get beat deep.C FS C B SS QB Eighteen yard comeback: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. .
C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is more susceptible to a counter route. The corner on the left is playing deep outside and most likely will not bite on the post move. .
The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane.C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. . The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post. The Free Safety should be looked off before the throw.
The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner.C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. . The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third.
To p G u n Q UARTERBACK • R ECEIVER S CH OOL The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads End .
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