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OFDMA:FUTURE MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEME

PRESENTED BY:RINDANI MAHARSHI N. GUIDED BY:PROF. A.A.BAVARAVA

OUTLINE
EVOLUTION OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

TECHNOLOGY
DIFFERENT MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEMES CONCEPT OF OFDM CONCEPT OF SUB-CHANNELIZATION CONCEPT OF OFDMA WIBRO APPLICATION OF OFDMA CONCLUSION REFERENCES

EVOLUTION OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY


1G (1970)
Provide analog voice service

2G (1980)
Provide digital voice services GSM

2.5G
EDGE & GPRS

3 G
HSDPA & UMTS

4G (2000)
LTE

DIFFERENT MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEMES

FIG-A:FDMA

FIG-B:TDMA

FIG-C:CDMA

DIFFERENT MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEMES


FDMA (used in 1G)
AMPS NMT ETACS

TDMA(used in 2G)
GSM DECT

CDMA(used in 3G)
IS-95

MC-CDMA

CONCEPT OF OFDM
OFDM used
Modulation tech. Multiplexing tech.

Increase

robustness against fading


Single carrier vs.

Multi carrier modulation

CONCEPT OF SUB-CHANNELIZATION

CONCEPT OF OFDMA
There are three fundamental multi-carrier based multiple

access techniques for OFDM systems:


OFDM+TDMA OFDM+FDMA OFDM+CDMA

OFDM FDMA VARIATIONS


Among three schemes, OFDM-FDMA is the

most straightforward (a.k.a. OFDMA)


Based on allocation of sub-carriers
Block FDMA Random FDMA Interleaved FDMA

ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF OFDMA


ADVANTAGES
Higher throughput & security Minimal delay per OFDMA
DISADVANTAGES

Strict

symbol of 300sec.

User symbol is several times

synchronization problem
Complex OFDM

longer then for TDMA systems.


Using the FEC to the outmost

electronics
Higher PAPR

by error detection of disturbed frequencies.

WIBRO-APPLICATION OF OFDMA
Major application of OFDMA Wireless Broadband Internet Mobile phone internet FEATURES:DUPLEX:- TDD MULTIPLE ACCESS:- OFDMA SYSTEM BANDWIDTH:- 10MHz OFDMA SYMBOL TIME:- 115.2ms

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

CONCLUSION
OFDMA surpasses all the other schemes in

terms of various parameters. So it is the right choice of multiple channel access schemes for 4G mobile wireless networks. Such as, THROUGHPUT, BW UTILIZATION, etc.
As a future work we can reduce PAPR and

improve error performance of the OFDMA using PAPR reduction techniques and diversity schemes, respectively.

REFERENCES
1.

C. S. Patil1, R.R.Karhe2, M. A. Aher, Development of Mobile Technology: A Survey, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol. 1, Issue 5, November 2012 J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Communications Systems Engineering. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994. Y. S. Cho, J. Kim, W. Y. Yang, C. G. Kang,MIMO-OFDM wireless communications with MATLAB, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2010. S. Srikanth, V. Kumaran, C. Manikandan, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access: Is it Multiple Access System of the future? , AU-KBC Research center, Anna University, Chennai, INDIA. M.Singh, M.Chakraborty, Multiple Access Schemes for 4G Mobile Wireless Networks, Institute of Engineering & Management http://en.wikipedia.org/OrthogonalFrequencyDivisionMultiplexing.html (Accessed: 8 October 2012). D. Tse and P. Viswanath, Fundamentals of Wireless Communication, Cambridge University Press, USA, 2005 S. .V. Halse and D. M. Gharge, WIBRO: Emerging Trend in Wireless Communication, International Journal of Robotics applications, Vol. 1 , Issue 1, 2011.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.