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On-Load Tap-Changer

Theoretical foundations Maintenance of On-Load Tap-Changers

On-Load Tap Changer: OILTAP

OLTC

OLTC Diverter switch

-Tap selector

-insert

Diverter switch
insert

OLTC
-Tap selector

Type MS

Type R

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

TAP CHANGER OPERATING

Motor Drive Unit

Tap Selector

Diverter Switch

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Switching sequence

Load current IL

Circulating current IK

Ik

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb 0 10 20 50

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb 0 10 20 50

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

Ic

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

Diverter switch mid-position:

MCa MSCa

circulating curent Ic determined by step voltage and transition resistor

TCa TCb MSCb

load current split up in old and new tap

MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Switching sequence Type M

MCa

MSCa

TCa

TCb

MSCb

MCb

MCa MSCa TCa TCb MSCb MCb

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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On-Load Tap Changer OILTAP V III 200 D

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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TAP SELECTOR OPERATING

Motor drive unit

On-load tap changer

Switching element

Time in second

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Switching Principle

Switching sequenc V

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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a
transition contact a1

b
transition contact b1

main switching contact a/b

a1 b1 a/b 1
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20

30

40

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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 2
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 2
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 3
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 3
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 3
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib Ib/2

Ic

Ib/2 a1 b1 a/b 4
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 5
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 5
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 5
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 6
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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 6
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30

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Switching sequence Type V

Ib

a1 b1 a/b 7
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Why Maintenance ?
Switching operation under load in 40 50 ms Mechanical stress Arcs produced during a switching operation Contact wear Carbonization of the switching oil
R

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Why Maintenance ?
Mechanical stress

Springs
Braided contact leads Screw connections Energy accumulator etc.

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Why Maintenance ?
Subject to weather Tap changer head Protective relay Drive shafts Motor drive unit

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Oil carbonisation
Major aspects of maintenance criterion: Oil carbonisation
The degree of carbonization of the diverter switch oil and the amount of carbon deposits inside the OLTC oil compartment depend on:

Arcing energy (switched current, etc.) Number of tap change operations

During maintenance the carbon deposits can easily be removed.


2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Diverter switch type R with carbon deposits.

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Oil carbonisation
Major aspects of maintenance criterion: Oil carbonisation
Studies show that moisture content in the sludge ( mixture of oil, carbon and water) deposited on the insulating material surface may be much higher than moisture content of the tap-changer oil.

This effect cannot be determined by taking and analysing oil samples. Reduction of dielectric properties of OLTC which can only be avoided by regular maintenance. .
Diverter switch type R with carbon deposits.

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maintenance criteria :

Time in service

Number of operations

or
whichever comes first!

Usually applying for OLTCs in network application

Usually applying for OLTCs in industrial application

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maintenance criteria :

Survey of number of OLTC operations in various transformer applications:


Transfomer data

Power Transformer
Generator Distribution Arc furnace

Power range MVA 100 - 1300 15 - 400 2,5 - 150

Voltage range kV 110 - 765 60 - 525 20 - 230

Current range A 100 - 2000 50 - 1600 50 - 1000

Number of on-load tap-changer operations. min. 500 2000 20000 mean 3000 7000 50000 max 10000 20000 200000

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maintenance criteria : Time in Service


For OLTCs manufactured up until the 70s used in starpoint application: 5 to 6 years i. e. OLTC type D III 400 Y

For OLTCs of todays manufacturing program used in starpoint application: 6 to 7 years i. e. OLTC type M III 600 Y

For OLTCs in line-end application with Um 245 kV (delta connected windings, autotransformers): 2 years for first, 4 years for further maintenance i. e. OLTC types V III delta 3 x M I 1200 245 kV

Maintenance intervals are stated in the OLTCs operating instructions


2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 37

Maintenance criteria : Time in Service


Updating Tap changers of same type have been produced for periods of approx. 25 years. During such a long period each product is subject to an innovation process (new materials, field experience, etc.)
MRs service policy: Adaption of easily accessible parts to the latest state of production during OLTC routine maintenance Applying for measures which increase the operational reliability Since diverter switch is removed and partially disassembled during maintenance anyway, the updating measures are comparatively inexpensive
2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 38

Maintenance criteria : Time in Service


Oil values
Guideline values for supervision of diverter switch oil were published in CIGRE report 12-13 (1982). These values are value for tap changer oil heated during operation and are stated in the OLTC operating instructions: Water content*) Neutral-end tap changers 40 ppm Single-pole tap changers 30 ppm (delta application and autotransformers) Dielectric strength**) 30 kV / 2.5 mm 40 kV / 2.5 mm

Limit values while OLTC and transformer are in service


*) measured according to Karl Fischer-Method **) measured according to DIN 57 370 Teil 1 / VDE 0370 Teil 1 / 12.78.
2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 39

Maintenance criteria : Number of operations


Contact wear
Difference of contact wear between main switching contacts and transition contacts due to varying transformer load Maximum permissible difference of contact wear: Cannot be determined without maintenance Must not be exceeded during the service of the OLTC
2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 40

Maintenance criteria : Number of operations


Contact wear depends on
- wear characteristics of the contact material - numer of operations - operating current of the transformer

Evaluation Criteria
- individual wear - wear differences - contact surface

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maintenance criteria :

Number of operations
Parts replacement
Mechanical stress for OLTC components during tap change operation (especially for diverter switch parts). Precautionary replacement of mechanically stressed components in the course of maintenance

E. g. braided contact lead for type M: 150,000 operations performed

E. g. energy accumulator spring for type M: 400,000 - 500,000 operations


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2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Checks between Inspetctions


Taking oil samples from tap changer suction pipe and determination of breakdown voltage Supervision of tap changer oil quality Check of the anti-condensation heater of the motor drive unit Preventing corrosion inside motor drive housing Check of effectiveness of dehydrating breather of OLTC conservator Avoiding penetration of water into OLTC conservator and OLTC oil compartment

This is also valid for transformers which have been shut down or are out of service
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Spare part replacement


Spare parts requirement during routine maintenance

Precautionary spare parts: cover gaskets (tap changer head cover, protective relay)
Spare parts which depend on the number of operations: Energy accumulator springs, flexible leads, contact carrier etc. Spare parts which are subject to wear: arcing contacts, drive shaft coupling bolts etc. Spare parts to up-date the tap-changer to the lates state of manufacture
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MR TECHNICAL SERVICE

The MR service also applies to tap-changers like:

On-load tap changer manufactured by Siemens, AEG & Trafo Union

On-load tap changers manufactured under the MR licence (e.g. Toshiba, Mitsubishi etc.)

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Summary

High operating safety A routine inspection of the tap changer can be completed by qualified and experienced personnel within few hours The life time of the arcing contact used in network application exceed the life of the transformer in the majority of cases Transition resistance values shows no change even at the highest switching requency

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Maintenance performance

2012 CS5O Boris Wende 2009 Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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General Notes on the Preparation of an On-Load Tap-Changer Maintenance by MR


Table: Oil quantities, weights, lifting height

OLTC-type ** Oil quantity (l)* Weight of the diverter sw itch insert (kg) Max. lifting height (mm)

A 30

B 100

C250 150

C350 D (D ) 250 200 (300) 100 (120) 1500 (2150)

E 220

F 320

G 900

H 355

K 650

M / MS (M) 190 (280) 80 (90) 1400 (1870)

T/ R 210

V 220

VV 325

20

60

100

150

150

250

500

80

350

120

60

50

1900 2250

2500

2400

1850 1750 2300 2150 1900

1650

1950 2200

* Transformer oil in accordance with IEC 60296 und IEC 60422 with a dielectric strenght of at least 50 kV/2,5mm (measured as per IEC 60156) ** Information on on-load tap-changers made by Siemens, AEG and Trafo-Uniion is available on request

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Switching OLTC into adjustment position Draining off tap changer oil Removal of horizontal drive shaft

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Removal of OLTC cover Withdrawal of diverter switch insert

2012 CS5O Boris Wende 2009 Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M


Cleaning of OLTC oil conservator and oil compartment Visual check of insulating material (oil compartment, suction pipe and indicating rod) and of sliding contacts Check of pressure tightness of diverter switch oil compartment

WARNING: To clean only use pure transformer oil.


2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 51

OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

View inside diverter switch supporting cylinder before cleaning

Removal of diverter switch supporting cylinder Cleaning and visual inspection of supporting cylinder and insulating drive shaft
2012 Gerhard CS5O Boris Wende 2007 Peier Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Diverter switch insulating drive shaft before cleaning

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Pawl in locked position

Pawl in unlocked position

Unlocking the pawl of the diverter switch and bringing the diverter switch in midposition for reduction of contact pressure (see above) Removal of diverter switch contact shells in diverter switch mid-position

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Removal of contact shells Undo the fixing screws of the contact shells

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Removal of diverter switch contact shells Cleaning and visual inspection of contact shells Measurement of contact wear on fixed contacts Check of spark gaps

OILTAP M If necessary, replacement of: Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M


Resistor connection leads Fixed contacts Current strips

Measurement of transition resistors

Diverter switch contact shell

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Measurement of transition resistors


2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Measurement of contact wear


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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Removal of diverter switch contact shells in diverter switch mid-position
Cleaning and visual inspection of diverter switch (overall condition)

Measurement of contact wear on movable contacts


If necessary, replacement of: - Braided contact leads, - Contact carriers, - Contacts, - Arcing chambers - Energy accumulator

Movable contact system of diverter switch after removal of contact shells


2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Removal of stationary and movable contacts

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Removal of braided leads

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Re-installation of arcing chambers Re-installation of contact shells Re-installation of insulating drive shaft and supporting cylinder Measurement of transition resistors as a countercheck (corresponding contacts must be open) Manual test operations (pawl must be locked in!)

Final flushing with clean oil


2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 61

OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M Fill new oil into the diverter switch oil compartment Vent the tap changer head through the bleeder screw Vent the suction pipe

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Opening and cleaning OLTC protective relay Visual check Installation of new gasket and closing cover again

Test of protective relay

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Installation of horizontal drive shaft

Check symmetry of coupling between motor drive and OLTC


Trial operations across the regulating range by means of hand crank operation (comparison of position indicated on OLTC and motor drive)

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Check of overall condition and function of motor drive:

safety switch limit switches step-by-step function anti-condensation heater etc.

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP M Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP M

Writing maintenance report with all relevant data

Keeping file or a databank with maintenance results (documentation)

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Switching OLTC into adjustment position

Reaching adjustment position by turning hand crank clockwise

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Draining off tap changer oil Removal of horizontal drive shaft Remove OLTC head cover

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V


Removal of OLTC gear and suction pipe

Check of marks for reinstallation of OLTC insert

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Careful withdrawal of OLTC insert by means of MR lifting device or crane and chain hoist

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Cleaning of oil compartment

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Placing OLTC insert on a working table in horizontal position

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Removal of the switching elements Removal of the inner screening rings

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Cleaning switching tube of OLTC insert inside and outside by means of transformer oil and brush
Cleaning of switching elements

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Measurement of the transition resistors

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Determination of the contact wear

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Checking the spring movement of the contact rollers

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Preparation of OLTC insert for re-installation

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Re-installation of suction pipe Re-installation of the cleaned gear unit

Trial operations and check of limit position blocking

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V Opening and cleaning OLTC protective relay Visual check Installation of new gasket and closing cover again Test of Protective relay

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Check of overall condition and function of motor drive: safety switch limit switches step-by-step function anti condensation heater etc.

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Installation of horizontal drive shaft

Check symmetry of coupling between motor drive and OLTC


Trial operations across the regulating range by means of hand crank operation (comparison of position indicated on OLTC and motor drive)

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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OILTAP V Maintenance of On-load Tap-changer OILTAP V

Writing inspection report with all relevant data Keeping file or a databank with inspection results (documentation)

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Practical example for the preservation and evaluation of the condition of the equipment
Online oil filtration with Oil Filter unit
Effects: - Removal of carbon particles from the tap-changer oil - Keeping the water content to a minimum

Active measure for improving oil quality


Benefits: - Improving operational reliability of OLTC and transformer - Extension of maintenance intervals

- Reduction of maintenance cost


- No need for cleaning during maintenance

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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6. Measures for Equipment Preservation

Use of maintenance-free dehydrating breather for OLTC and transformer conservator

Effects: - No changing of Silica-gel - Always the same dry condition of the air into the transformer Active measure for good working condition of the breather

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Practical example for the preservation and evaluation of the condition of the equipment
Use of maintenance-free equipment
Use of VACUTAP OLTCs for new transformers

replaced by

Preferable strategy for OLTCs and transformers

2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Date: 26.03.2007

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Advantages of the vacuum technology

Switching element VACUTAPVV


Vacuum interrupter

Switching element OILTAPV


Transition contact Main switching contact Transition contact

Vacuum technology contact wear reduced to a minimum No arcing in the oil No oil carbonization

Conventional technology Wear of single contacts Contact wear difference Oil carbonization

VACUTAP: Extension of the maintenance interval up to 300.000 operations and no time based maintenance
2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Page 87

Innovation VACUTAP Life-Cycle-Cost Consideration


Maintenance-free up to 300.000 operations with VACUTAP V V and VR

OILTAP

lifespan 40 years < 300,000 operations

Benefits
Significant savings in maintenance costs Considerably reduced operating costs
10 x maint. delta application 5 x maint. star point application VACUTAP maintenancefree OILTAP

No time-based maintenance

longer availability of the transformer simplified maintenance logistics

Performance of maintenance during lifespan for typical network application

protection of environment and natural resources due to reduction of oil changes only familiar checks required
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2012 CS5O 2007 Gerhard Boris Peier Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Are you still using conventional on-load tap-changer technology?


Maintenance Intervals

Retrofit - Solution

OILTAPM

VACUTAPVM

2012 CS5O Boris Wende Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Perfect Retrofit-Solution

Compatible with OILTAP M / MS and other on-load tap-changers based on OILTAP M No modification work on the oil compartment required

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Retrofittable VACUTAP VM Diverter Switch Insert

100% connection-compatible with OILTAP M


Licensed tap-changers can also be upgraded Also suitable for non-authorized models similar to OILTAP-M

Benefits of VACUTAP Lifetime of diverter switch insert: 1.2 million tap-change operations 300,000 tap-change operations without any maintenance

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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No Interaction between Arc and Oil

Conventional technology Switching arc under oil Oil: insulating, cooling, lubricating and arc quenching

VACUTAP technology Switching arc in vacuum Oil: just insulating, cooling and lubricating

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Extended Oil Service Life

Conventional technology
Oil ageing due to carbon particles resulting from arc quenching Oil filter to be exchanged regularly

VACUTAP technology
No break-down arc in tap-changer oil No oil filter unit necessary

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Marginal Contact Wear

Conventional technology

VACUTAP technology Rate of contact wear is more than one decade lower compared with coppertungsten contacts

Contact wear
Contact life: 200,000 to 500,000 switching operations

Contact life: 600,000 switching operations

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Less Maintenance
Conventional technology Maintenance each 40,000 to 100,000 switching operations, depending on the operation mode Additional time-based criteria VACUTAP technology Maintenance each 300,000 switching operations, therefore maintenance-free in most network applications

Enhanced transformer availability


No time- or current-based criteria Less spare parts, simplified logistics

Maintenance intervals

Maintenance intervals

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Application


High system availability and reliability - Maintenance interval: 300,000 switching operations without time- or current-based criteria
Maintenance costs

- Significantly longer oil service life and contact life - Reduced downtime of the transformer due to faster maintenance Protection class IP 66 for TAPMOTION ED suited for aggressive environment

Significant reduction of maintenance costs


- Example: 200,000 switching operations per year, 20 years transformer service life, operation in central Europe - 45 % cost reduction for on-load tap-changer maintenance, spare parts and oil filters over the transformer service life

100 % 55 %

OILTAP

VACUTAP

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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Unique. Better For 4 Reasons.

1
The new VACUTAP Arc-Control System extinguishes the commutating arc with absolute reliability

4
The VACUTAP VM diverter switch insert is retrofittable, which means longer maintenance intervals and maximum cost-effectiveness

2
The new VACUTAP Step Protection System effectively protects the diverter switch against tap short circuits in the event of overvoltage on the grid

The Interrupter Exchange Module shortens production downtimes for maintenance

VACUTAP VM Copyright MR Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

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2007 Gerhard Peier Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH

Date: 26.03.2007

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