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Change Management

Think Piece

Piers Schreiber +44 7707 263 782

Key Features of Successful Transformational Change
Key Features

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It is designed around the business drivers It wins emotional and intellectual support It models and reinforces the new way of working It puts significant investment into communications It creates experiences that shape future behaviour It aligns all the dimensions of management behind the change It releases talent, creativity and ingenuity – often in unexpected ways

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Incorporate the drivers into the project plan Develop clear engagement / involvement strategies Accomplished before, during and after implementation Communicate from the very start of the project Align and engage all levels of management behind the change Allow for processing resistance and conflict – natural during change Provide processes that emotionally support people through all parts of the change

The tendency to apply someone else‟s package . Large gap between the commitment to change at the top of the organisation and the transfer of this interest to the middle of the organisation Trying to fit a major organisational change into an old organisational structure The constant search for cookbook solutions Applying an intervention or strategy inappropriately. 3. 2. 5. Short-term perspective.Ten Points of Potential Failure 1. 8. A continued discrepancy between top management statements of values or styles and their actual managerial behaviour – Saying one thing and doing another A big programme of activities without any clear goals for change Confusion between ends and means – the question of „training for what‟ must be answered 4. 9. 6. Three to five years is a realistic time framework for organisational change Lack of coordination between a number of different activities aimed at increasing organisational effectiveness Overdependence on others – either outside consultants or inside specialists 7. 10.

The Need for a Compelling Business Case Strong data-driven rationale • A specific research-based reason for change • Linked directly to performance goals Realistic understanding of organisational implications Formal. people. tasks Focused strategy for stakeholder engagement Identification of critical audiences and gap analysis Clarification and communication of vision Compelling reason and urgency behind change activities . informal.

The Need for a Burning Platform .

closer alignment with customers) . defined and robust view of the imperatives for change and performance requirement Assess the organisation’s readiness and capability for change Identify stakeholders Decide on the vehicle for change (e. cost reduction.The Need for a Strong Foundation Create a shared. process redesign.g. culture change.

and why + Experience Experience of doing my work in new ways which reinforces the change and engages me potentially )X Perception My perceptions of the organisation.The Change Equation (Beckhard) Vision + Dissatisfaction + 1ST Steps > Costs $$$ Emotional Changing individual behaviour requires both new information and new experiences ( Information Information about what is happening to the IFC and me. its management and my own capability = Behaviour A shift in my behaviour and attitudes .

Leadership Moving one or more people from where they happen to be to some other place Clear committed leadership is vital to the success of any change .

Key Features of Leading Change Enrolling • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Making the journey and destination compellingly attractive Helping people see a future they want to be part of Helping people find a purpose and meaning for themselves Requesting commitment Helping people see possibilities for their contribution Challenging self-limiting beliefs Setting (together) stretching targets Building self-esteem. confidence and trust Putting into action Building and sustaining people‟s energy Celebrating successes Giving recognition Expressing optimism Demonstrating the behaviours and values that are being required of others Enabling Energising Exemplifying .

feel and sound like? • How are people going to get their work done and interact with each other? • How will a day be organised? Plan • Lay out the plan for phasing in the outcome • Outline steps and schedules in which people will receive information. behaviours & identity Part • Establish each person‟s part in both the plan and the outcome • Show employees the role & their relationship to others.Key Features of Leading Change Purpose • Explain the basic purpose behind the outcome • „What was the problem?‟ • Who said so and on what evidence? • What would have occurred if no one had acted to solve it? • What could have happened to us if that had occurred Picture • Paint the picture of how the outcome will look and feel • What is the outcome going to look. Until they see it they can‟t adjust hopes & fears to the new reality • Show employees what part they play in the outcome & the transition process . training & support they need to make the transition • People oriented to tell employees how and when their worlds are going to change • Start with where people are & work forward to leave the past behind and emerge with new attitudes.

Transformation Process Phase Unfreeze Mobilise Realise Reinforce Part Sustain Content Set the direction Create the desire & will to change Make early changes & build confidence Secure widespread shift in behaviour Underpin with changes in structure & people processes Strive for continuous performance improvement Outcomes Break with the past Build the energy Perfor m-ance lift-off Embed new culture Push the limits .

Plan from the Perspective of the Recipients of Change Unfreeze Mobilise Realise Reinforce Part Sustain Board Senior Mgmt Team Customer Facing Staff • Where do we want them to be? • What initiatives will help them get there? • Is the „load‟ of change reasonable & within capabilities? • What projects do we need to provide the initiatives Middle Managers Support Teams Front-line Managers .

Plotting Shifts in Commitment (Example) Key Players No Commitment Let It Happen Help It Happen Make It Happen Line Managers Senior Team X O X O O X XO Board HR Employees Project Sponsor Key: X = Present state O = Minimum commitment needed X O XO .

Surfacing Potential Barriers Early On • Change gets bogged because barriers are not dealt with soon enough or openly enough to keep the change process moving • Barriers may exist anywhere and everywhere – even the difficultto-see places… • • • Strategy Structure Process • • • Leadership Management Resources Systems Consider: How will this change effort affect…? • Operating principles • • • • Culture/behaviour Jobs People • • • Rewards Values/Beliefs Capabilities .

Identify Strategies for Closing Critical Gaps Organisational Dimension Gap Strategy Strategy Structure Process Operating Principles Culture/Behaviour People Leadership Management Resources Systems Rewards .

Importance of Leadership Communication Leadership 65% Why should I change my behaviour or go the extra mile? Media 10% • Actions speak louder than words • Day-to-day behaviour and signals need to live the vision Grapevine ? Systems & Processes 25% .

We‟re not allowed” Time . It won‟t work. things might get better” “I feel overwhelmed” “We can‟t do this.The Transition Curve: How Attitudes & Feelings Change “S/he really made the effort to help us implement this change” “This way is more effective” “I‟m not sure I know what‟s going on” Confidence “This could be a better way of doing it” “I can handle this” “Actually.

Making Sense of the Journey To change their behaviour. employees need to see the link between: The information they receive Their work and how they do it The context in which they do their work The needs of the organisation .

Link between desired result & communication approach Ownership/ Engagement Level of change Acceptance/ Alignment Understanding (and Action) Awareness Tell Sell Consult Join Level of involvement .

videos. intranets Newsletters. consultative presentations Level of change Acceptance/ Alignment Understanding (and Action) Booklets. plenary sessions. letters.Choosing the Right Communications Tools & Channels Ownership/ Engagement Working sessions. suggestions schemes. working parties. presentations. workshops. emails. coaching Focus groups. notices Awareness Tell Sell Consult Join Level of involvement . memos. 1-to-1 conversations.

I‟m ready to do it the new way” of new behaviour Commitment “I know how we need to do our jobs differently” to personal change Translation “I understand where we need to go” to the work setting Significant involvement needed Understanding of change direction “Yeah.Information + Involvement to Build Commitment & Change Stages of Individual Behaviour Change “This is the way we do things here” Internalisation “OK. I saw the memo” Awareness of desired change Information with some involvement sufficient here .

but it‟s important for them to feel the communications are open and honest Constantly communicate clear goals and vision of the new situation Encourage people to discuss fears and concerns in teams Open „suggestion boxes‟ for employees to raise questions in anonymity Set up weekly lunches or other informal meetings to discuss the progress of the restructuring process Whenever possible. 10. 9. 6. 2. assign roles and responsibilities in line with peoples interests 3. Develop rituals and marker events that allow people to connect Involve employees affected by the changes in making decisions about what‟s best for them Discuss realistic career options with employees and ensure training is available for any new skills that are needed . 7. 5. 8. Meet regularly with employees and openly discuss the organisational changes and why they occurred Recognise that employees understand that you may not have the answers to everything. 4.Ten Strategies for Employee Involvement 1.

4. Identify individuals or groups whose commitment is necessary to the success of the change effort Create and follow a departmental plan to increase commitment of all players Continually encourage and enable employee involvement Continually communicate the goals of the change process Turn covert resistance to overt resistance and then to commitment WALK THE TALK! . 6. 2. 5. 3.Coaching Others in Building Employee Commitment 1.

Leader attention. charters. 7. 9. 4. 3. 8. retirement and excommunication Formal and informal socialisation Recurring systems and procedures Organisation design and structure Design of physical space Stories and myths about key people and events 10. rewards and controls Leader reaction to critical incidents Leader role modelling. creeds. coaching Criteria for recruitment.What People Pay Attention To: 1. 5. measurement. 6. Formal statements. codes of ethics etc Between 80-90% of behaviour is determined by the first three points . promotion. 2.