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PARTLY ERECTED OR DISMANTLED SCAFFOLDS

No scaffold or part of a scaffold shall be partly erected or dismantled and remain in such a condition that it is capable of being used unless the scaffold complies with the following: • a prominent warning notice indicating that the scaffold, or any part thereof is not to be used, positioned at or near any point of access; or, • access to the scaffold or any part thereof is, as far as is reasonably practicable, effectively blocked off.

LEDGERS AND TRANSOMS
• ledgers must be level and fixed to standards with right - angle couplers. • In normal use, transoms should be spaced so that the spans of scaffold boards should not be greater than: * 32mm thickness boards: 1.0m * 38mm boards: 1.5m * 50mm boards: 2.6m

5 m.TRANSOMS: LEDGERS: Maximum spacing 1. Centers not to exceed 2. but base lift may be a maximum of 2.7 m .0 m.

i.05m (5 rungs) above platform level to provide adequate rungs on a stepping-off points should be on a level with the working platform.e. and hold at all stepping-off points  . one foot out for every four foot of height.LADDER set at a working angle of 75 degree to the horizontal. and extend at least 1.

height 150mm fixed on all structures. Wind. Longitudinal. and 150mm x 150mm size. always secured on load bearing couplers at alternate pairs of standards. physical reveal etc.e. 45o Angle over full structure height at 30m centers secured with load bearing couplers and joined end with sleeves. adjacent bays or lifts.7m max. Face.GUARD RAIL – Minimum height of 910mm on all structures over 2. STANDARD JOINTS – Must not occur at same height. Dog Leg. .To be close boarded and end butted throughout. TRANSOMS – Máximum spacing 1. TIES – Hook. STANDARDS. requirements observed. zig-zag.S.5m. to be considered individually. Lip. SOLE PLATES – Use in prescribed circumstances and no smaller than 1.000cm2 beneath one standard. A second lower guard rail or higher toe board should be provided to limit gap to 470mm. Façade. STANDARD/LEDGERS – Fixed with right angle couplers. and B. TOE BOARDS . – Centers dependent upon duty use. BASEPLATES – Generally below standards.Min. but base lift may be up to 2. LEDGERS – Centers not to exceed 2m. BRACING – Ledger.00m high and secured on inside of standards. LEDGER JOINTS – Not more than 1/3 into a bay and be staggered throughout i. BOARDING .

WALKWAYS Width of working platforms more than 2m high. This passage must be increased to 600mm if barrows are to be used.05m wide (5 boards) if used to carry a trestle or any other higher platform.30m wide (6 boards) if used by masons. and 1. though there must be a 430mm passage left for persons clear of materials. • 800mm wide (4 boards) when used for persons and for the deposit of materials. • 1. must be:• 600mm wide (3 boards) when used for persons only and not for materials.  .

50m centre to centre in each direction.STANDARDS Standards on base plates should be set vertically in rows at not more than 2. subsequent lifts should be at 2m intervals transoms At working platform level.50m intervals (assuming 38mm thick boards are used) should be fixed to ledgers with right angle or putlog couplers . transoms spaced at not more than 1. ledgers The first lift should not be more than 2.50m high.

static towers should have metal base plates. or at least 800mm wide when used for the deposit of materials. • any trap door or hatch on the platform should be closed   . level surfaces and fitted with wheels or castors which should not be less than 125 mm in diameter.SCAFFOLD TOWERS   Foundation erected and used on firm ground. mobile towers must be used only on hard. castors or wheels should be locked into the base of standards and be fitted with brakes which cannot accidentally be released      working platforms • fully boarded and at least 600mm wide. • protected from tipping or sliding by being properly supported by the use of cleats or other proprietary fittings.

Guard rails and toe boards • fitted on all four sides of the platform. • ladder sections.15m above platform with the distance between top of the toe board and guardrail not exceeding 765mm Access Access should be provided either by:• vertical ladders attached internally to the narrow side. . and for static towers. integral with frame members should be climbed from the inside as illustrated • rungs should be no more than 300mm apart and the stiles not more than 480mm apart • climbing using the horizontal of end frames should not be permitted • the maximum recommended freestanding height for mobile towers is 9. 12m. • Toe boards must rise at least 150mm above platform level • guardrails must be between 910mm and 1.6m. • internal inclined ladders. or inclined stairway.

• lightweight cradles may be suspended by fiber ropes and pulley blocks which should not be more than 3. blocks and tackle must be strong enough and correctly rigged. • safe anchorage for the suspension must be provided • have brakes which apply when the operating lever is released. (only ropes recommended by manufacturers should be used). falling dirt etc. • steel wire rope must be used for the suspension of all platforms other than lightweight cradles. .SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD (NOT POWER OPERATED) • all ropes. • maintained in good condition and platforms prevented from swaying whilst in use. • be protected from the weather. winches.20m apart.

• be at least 430mm wide on lightweight cradles. • have stops at their outer ends (light cradles excepted). • be at least 600mm wide on all other types if used only for workmen. • be tied down or properly counterweighted at the tail.Outriggers • be long enough and strong enough. • be close enough together to support the rails and scaffolds properly. • never be used to carry another higher platform. • be horizontal (light cradles are excepted). Counterweights • be bolted or securely attached to the outriggers. • be at least three times the overturning movement of load Platforms • hung clear of the building or face of the structure. or be at least 800mm wide if used for workmen and materials. • be close boarded. .

Runways • strong enough and in good condition • have stops at each end • be bolted or tied securely to their supports Suspension ropes or chains must be properly secured. both overhead and to the frame of the platform Winches • must have at least two full turns of rope on the drum when platform is in its lowest position • be marked with the length of rope on the drum .

.SUSPENDED ACCESS EQUIPMENT • a cradle or working platform • suspension ropes and hoisting equipment • a temporary or permanent roof rig to which the suspension ropes and cradle are attached. Suspended access equipment normally falls into two classes: • those relying on counterweights for stability (usually temporary installed) • those which are structurally attached to the roof or top part of the building (usually permanently installed).

• all outriggers must be strong enough to carry the weight of the suspended platform and its load. • roof rig should be designed by a competent engineer who should ensure that that the supporting structure is able to withstand the imposed loading. • all equipment is thoroughly examined by a competent person after installation and /or rigging and before being put into service. with the appropriate safety factor.installation and rigging Before installing or rigging suspended access equipment you should ensure that: • installation is carried out by an experienced cradle erector. . • where counterweights are used as the means of holding down the inboard end of an outrigger they should be marked with their weight and firmly attached to the outrigger. • spacing of outriggers should be determined with reference to manufacturer’s specification and the loads to be carried. are not appropriate counterweights). • Particular attention is paid to the safety of those installing or rigging the equipment to ensure that they are provided with appropriate means of fall prevention or fall arrest. (Bags of sand. cement etc. • when traversing tracks are used they should be set as nearly horizontal as possible.

Where it is not practical to fit a safety rope. which must be at least 600mm wide. A further guard rail. and a main guard rail at least 910mm above platform level must be fitted.working platforms guard rails and toe boards Whatever type of working platform is used. at least 150mm high. toe boards. the decking should be close – boarded. Except to the extend necessary for drainage. the suspension system should include a secondary rope and fall arrest device. slip resistant surface and should be fixed so that it cannot be accidentally displaced. should have a sound. or other suitable barrier must also be fitted so that the gap between any guard rail or barrier and toe board does not exceed 470mm. or plated prevention of falls In order to prevent the access equipment from falling in the event of a rope failure. each operative should be provided with a suitable safety harness . decking Decking of the platform.

• pendant cables must be robust and of adequate length to allow for planned movement of the platform. . there should be a notice clearly displayed to warn that power must not be switched off. when work is in progress. The power point should be accessible at all times. Power cables should be: • looped and secured at roof level to prevent any risk of them being pulled out of their sockets.Electrically operated equipment Equipment should be installed in accordance with the IEE Regulations for Electrical installations and operated to ensure compliance with the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Departments (ADWEA) Regulations. and. • cables and connections should not be allowed to lie in gutters where water can collect.

Operation Suspended access equipment must be operated strictly in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. • when work is being carried out from the platform . It is recommended that the equipment is checked daily. • working platforms should be raised and lowered with care so that they remain as near horizontal as possible. Main requirements: • only trained people should be allowed to work on suspended access equipment. or it is left in place between periods of work. • mobile roof rigs should not be moved whilst operatives are on the platform. it should be tied to each end of the building to prevent undue movement. • supervisors should be experienced and competent in the whole operation. .

• platform and equipment should be regularly washed down (taking care to prevent wetting any electrical equipment). must always be considered in the use of suspended access equ . such as the provision of ground level barriers. • when left in position unattended.a suitable emergency procedure should be established and understood by all those involved in the work. It should never be used for transferring persons from place to place. • Precautions for the protection of the public. care should be taken to ensure that unauthorized persons cannot easily reach trailing ends of suspension or safety ropes. all electrical gear should be out of reach and effectively isolated • suspended access equipment should only be used for the purpose for which it was intended. Similarly.

scissor lifts. telescopic boom . They are designed to provide a temporary working platform which can be easily moved from one location to another.MOBILE ELEVATING WORK PLATFORMS (MEWP'S) Mobile elevating work platforms (MEWP’s) are classified as lifting equipment for lifting persons. articulating boom combined telescopic &articulating boom .

should receive familiarization training for the particular make and model to be operated. Check the ground is firm and will support loadings. Safety harnesses should be worn at all times by personnel working from the platform. in addition. . cellars. 5. old trenches. Use adequate packing if necessary under outriggers. and cracks. Avoid basements. Such familiarization training is typically provided by plant hire companies when a MEWP is delivered to site. It does not constitute adequate training in itself. check they can be fully extended in the working area. Check machine is level or can be leveled. 2. sewers.Precautions (all types) Conduct risk assessment 1. 3. Harnesses must be attached to purpose-designed anchorage points (if provided) or other suitable anchorage points as indicated in the manufacturers' instructions. If outriggers are fitted. joints in concrete. drains. manholes. Only trained persons should be allowed to operate a MEWP. Operators should have received training for the relevant class of machine and. Note that the top guard-rail of the working platform may not be suitable as an anchorage point. 4.

7. nor should materials be transferred. . Scissor lifts may have the capability to carry some materials. Manufacturers' instructions must be followed. Care needs to be taken to reduce the build up of debris and material on the platform. MEWPs must only be used within the manufacturers recommended wind speeds. The load specified must not be exceeded. 8. Telescopic and articulating machines are normally designed to carry operators and tools only.6. Step ladders or hop-ups must never be used on the working platform to gain extra reach or height. 9. The safe working load must be clearly marked at the base of the machine and on the working platform. This may necessitate a wind speed indicator being available. Persons should not leave the working platform whilst in an elevated position.

If MEWPs are self-propelled. The MEWP should have the engine/ motor switched off and the key removed . It should never be left in a raised position. the MEWP should be parked in a designated area. 11. On completion of the work. MEWPs are fitted with emergency (auxiliary) lowering controls and an emergency stop switch.10. Travelling on inclines must only be carried out within the limits specified by the manufacturer. 12. Most MEWPs have very low gradient tolerance and are fitted with tilt alarms to warn when the limits are exceeded. the operator must walk the intended route to identify any hazards before commencing the operation. Before using a MEWP the operator(s) and another responsible person on site (who is not working on the platform) must know how to use the emergency controls.

5. 6. Check fuel. Check that emergency lowering controls are fully functional. etc are in place and readable. 7. raising. Always refer to manufacturer's handbook. Check that the hydraulic system is free from leaks and that cables are in good condition. . Check the machine starts and that the emergency stop button (engine cut-out) works. free from corrosion and electrolyte level is adequate 3. Check that signs identifying the controls. Check that pins and retainers are in position and in good condition. Check that tyres are free from significant damage and are inflated to the correct pressure. Check that manufacturer's handbook is with the machine. 10. clean. 4. lowering and slewing are in good working order. 2. Check that all powered movements for telescoping. 9. water and oil levels and that batteries are fully charged. SWL. Ensure batteries are secure. Check structural parts for visible cracks or damage.MEWP operator's daily safety checklist From ground level 1. Check that wheel nuts are in place and properly tightened. 8. crush points.

Test lights and horn. 7. Check that all powered movements for telescoping. 6. Test brakes to ensure that they are working efficiently in forward and reverse. raising. 5. 4. lowering and slewing are in good working order. and that cage door locks are fully functional. Check that decals identifying the controls. 8.From the working platform 1. check that the "drive speed is restricted when the platform is in the raised position. For machines designed to travel while the platform is raised. Check that the platform structure is in good condition. 2. . 3. clean and free from grease and dirt. maximum wind speeds. harness anchor points. SWL. Check that the steering controls function correctly in forward and reverse. when fitted. NB When carrying out these checks operators must not work under a raised boom or platform unless movement has been prevented by means of suitable locking devices. Check that emergency lowering controls are fully functional. etc are in place and readable.