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Learning Topics

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Define ergonomics and its benefits
Injuries and risk factors What needs to be done to reduce risk of injury


Identify parts of the body that get injured at work
Recognize and report signs and symptoms of injury early

Introduce ergonomic exercises.

Ergonomics Awareness Program - By Kirti Ghule

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Program Goal
To minimize injuries due to chronic physical and psychological stresses, while maximizing productivity and efficiency

Ergonomics Awareness Program - By Kirti Ghule

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Ergonomics Awareness Program . equipment and workplaces that fit people. rather than making people adapt to fit them. tools.” Simply put: “fitting the job to the worker” The goal of ergonomics is to create jobs.By Kirti Ghule 4 .Ergonomics Definition “Ergonomics is the science and practice of designing jobs and workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body.

By Kirti Ghule 5 .Benefits of Ergonomics  Ergonomics helps to prevent injuries  Ergonomics has other benefits  Reduced fatigue and discomfort  Increased productivity  Improved quality of work  Improved quality of life Ergonomics Awareness Program .

Injuries and risk factors Now that we’ve given you a definition of ergonomics. we’ll next look at:  Common types and symptoms of injury  Causes and prevention of injury Ergonomics Awareness Program . and discussed some of the benefits of ergonomics.By Kirti Ghule 6 .

Or  Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD) Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 7 .Resulting Injuries are called  Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTD). Or  Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI).

Ergonomic Stress Areas Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 8 .

ligaments that connect bone to bone. pretty much every part of your body that’s not a bone or internal organ. WMSDs are also known as:  Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs)  Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSIs)  Overuse injuries WMDSs affect the soft tissues of the body – the muscles. tendons that connect muscles to bones. blood vessels. Usually WMSDs develop gradually. nerves. if not taken care of early Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 9 . or WMSDs. but sometimes can appear suddenly Can be serious (and can even require surgery).Work-related Musculo Skeletal Disorders (WMSDs)  The injuries that ergonomics in the workplace can help to prevent are     called work-related musculoskeletal injuries.

 These activities are called “risk factors.By Kirti Ghule 10 . or Awkward Lifting  Moderate to High Hand-Arm Vibration  High/low Temperatures for an extended time  Forceful exertions Ergonomics Awareness Program .” Risk factors include:  Awkward Postures  High Hand Force  Repetitive Motions  Repeated Impacts  Heavy.What causes WMSDs?  There are many things that everyone does on the job and at home that could contribute to a WMSD if they are done for long enough periods of time. Frequent.

weakness. thumb or hand movement • Difficulty gripping things • Loss of sensitivity to touch. or to temperature extremes • Numbness. loss of flexibility. • Muscle fatigue. tingling. or rising from bed in the morning • Difficulty in finger.By Kirti Ghule 11 . aches which subside during rest • Tight band of pain across shoulders. burning.Some of the symptoms of WMSDs  Discomfort  Pain  Numbness • • • Burning Swelling Change in color • • Tingling Tightness. pain Ergonomics Awareness Program . or back • Pain or stiffness when changing positions.

though. doesn’t mean that you’re going to have a WMSD.By Kirti Ghule 12 . Ergonomics Awareness Program . the more likely an injury will occur.  The more risk factors you have at once. where you are exposed to more than one risk factor at a time.  Whether or not a risk factor will result in a WMSD depends on:  Duration (how long you are exposed to it)  Frequency (how often you are exposed to it and how much rest you get in between)  Intensity (how much of the risk factor there is)  Combinations of risk factors.Risk Factors  Just because your job has risk factors.

CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. If contraction is prolonged. Usually results from excessive flexing or twisting of the wrist. Typically occurs in the shoulder. blanching.Tendons in the fingers become inflamed. numbness. osteoarthritis NERVES .Tingling.By Kirti Ghule 13 . or elbow. glare or viewing from awkward positions. injury and pain JOINTS . wrist. blood flow is reduced and waste is not removed fast or if not enough rest . and a loss of dexterity.muscle irritation.An inflammation of the tendon. which runs through a bony channel in the wrist called the carpal tunnel. loss of dexterity in the hand/arm MUSCLE STRAIN – Pain in muscles. EYE STRAIN . HAND/ARM VIBRATION SYNDROME.The eyes become strained as a result of poor lighting. TRIGGER FINGER SYNDROME. degenerative disc disease.Irritation of the median nerve. swelling.Some WMSDs TENDONITIS . hands.Repetitive forceful movements can result in softened cartilage which can lead to growths. causing pain.Tissues surrounding nerves swell and squeeze or compress nerves Ergonomics Awareness Program .

What can we do?  Administrative controls  Work practice controls  Engineering controls Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 14 .

By Kirti Ghule 15 .Administrative Controls  Employee rotation/job task expansion  Physical adjustments to the work pace  Redesign of work methods  Alternative tasks  Breaks Ergonomics Awareness Program .

By Kirti Ghule 16 .Work Practice Controls  Safe & proper work techniques & procedures  Training  Physical conditioning period Ergonomics Awareness Program .

Engineering Controls  Workstations  Tools/equipment  Facilities Innovative Way – Cut legs off – Add blocks – Build foot rest – Thick book – Build platform Standard Way – Adjustable workstation – Adjustable chair – Foot rests – Adjustable monitor – Document holder Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 17 .

By Kirti Ghule 18 .Right & Wrong Postures Ergonomics Awareness Program .

By Kirti Ghule 19 .Ergonomics Awareness Program .

By Kirti Ghule 20 .What you can do Recognize and report symptoms early  Report symptoms if:  Pain is persistent. severe or worsening  Pain radiates  Symptoms include numbness or tingling  Symptoms keep you from sleeping at night Ergonomics Awareness Program .

where symptoms don’t go away. permanent disability.By Kirti Ghule 21 . and these can be very serious. Therefore.Important of reporting symptoms early?  Some WMSDs can become chronic. it’s important for your own health to report symptoms as early as you can. or even surgery. They can even result in lost work days. Ergonomics Awareness Program .  However. the good news is that early treatment is often very simple and successful.

Five key points to remember   Ergonomics can help you on your job Risk factors can be reduced and WMSDs prevented WMSDs can happen in jobs with risk factors Reporting symptoms early is important    Good ergonomic practices increase productivity and quality of work Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 22 .

Tips for Working on the Computer  Head: held straight & squarely over shoulders  Eyes: top of computer screen should be at or slightly below eye level  Shoulders: relaxed. There should be two to three finger space between edge of seat and back of knees  Feet: placed flat on the floor or supported by a footrest Ergonomics Awareness Program .By Kirti Ghule 23 . not raised or hunched  Arms: supported comfortably & close to the body  Wrists: naturally straight and flat  Elbows: bent approximately 90 degrees and positioned close to the body  Back: sufficiently supported to maintain its natural curve  Hips: bent approximately 90 degrees  Knees: bent approximately 90 degrees.

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Exercises & Stretches These are exercises or stretches that can be performed at your workstation. home. just about anywhere.By Kirti Ghule 25 . Ergonomics Awareness Program .

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By Kirti Ghule 27 .Ergonomics Awareness Program .

brace elbows on the edge of the desk  Let weight fall forward  Cup hands over eyes and close eyes  Inhale slowly through nose & hold for 4 seconds  Continue deep breathing for 15-30 seconds EYE Movements  Close eyes. then slowly down to the floor  Repeat 3 times  Close eyes and slowly & gently move eyes to the left. slowly & gently move eyes up to the ceiling.By Kirti Ghule 28 . then slowly to the right  Repeat 3 times Ergonomics Awareness Program .EYE EXCERCISE Eye comfort exercises  Blinking  Squeezing  Focus change  Eye Rotation EYE Palming  While seated.

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By Kirti Ghule 30 .Ergonomics Awareness Program .