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Nihau Sharma 2K9/EL/131

The job of an ignition system is to generate the spark energy needed to ignite the air/fuel mixture in an engine's cylinder. The main components of this system consist of an ignition coil, coil driver, distributor, spark plug wires, and spark plugs. Types of Ignition Systems:
◦ Kettering Ignition ◦ Electronic Ignition i. Capacitive Discharge Ignition (CDI) ii. Transistor Controlled Ignition (TCI) iii. Engine Control Unit (ECU)

it must create a voltage high enough (20. Second. it must control the timing of that the spark so it occurs at the exact right time and send it to the correct cylinder. The ignition system has two tasks to perform. . II. thus creating a spark strong enough to ignite the air/fuel mixture for combustion.000+) to arc across the gap of a spark plug.I.

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to ignite the air fuel mixture. Especially the thermodynamic requirements of a high compression ratio and a high power density are fulfilled well by laser ignition.This is an alternative solution to standard spark plug by using the energy of a pulsed laser beam. (using Q switching). .

An Nd: YAG laser with 6 ns pulse duration. researchers at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Dale in 1978 Recently. 1064 nm wavelength and 1-50 mJ pulse energy was used to ignite the fuel/air mixtures at initial pressures of 1-3 MPa. .Toyota.   The use of laser ignition to improve gas engine performance was initially demonstrated by J.National Energy Technology Lab and Argonne National Lab have obtained smaller high peak power laser spark plugs. D. Laser ignition tests were performed with gasoline in a spray-guided internal combustion engine.

 Arbitrary positioning of the ignition plasma  Absence of misfires and knocking  Self cleaning or ablation  Absence of erosion effects  Precise ignition timing  Simpler regulation of the ignition energy  Easy possibility of multipoint ignition .

Graph for conventional spark ignition systems .

Life of a spark ignition system .

8 pinit = 5 bar pinit = 10 bar pinit = 20 bar 6 MPE (mJ) 4 2 0 2 4 A/Frel ( ) 6 8 .

Dependence of the required ignition energy on the relative pressure (density) in the combustion chamber .

Influence of Lambda on laminar flame speed and pressure build-up .

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Laser Arrangement in engines .

Another setup for laser arrangement .

 Propagation of laser pulse through fiber optics Develope of a compact. robust and economic laser source   The quality of the ignition beam profile is also very important. . because with the right profile it is possible to minimize the energy necessary to generate the ignition spark.

leaner combustion and emissions − May provide a way to circumvent beam delivery issue  Distributed ignition − May provide a way to circumvent beam delivery (energy  .Single point ignition with comparisons to correct phasing. − Timing optimization (Phasing) vs. Thermal Efficiency − Look at NOx Trade off − Knock Margin  Multipoint laser ignition studies − Higher apparent flame speed may provide additional knock margin as well as higher burn rate  Multipulse Ignition − May provide improved ignition.

According to the latest international reports. Mazda RX-9 16X . Mazda’s upcoming rotary sports car could feature laser ignition technology. This would replace the spark plug ignition system which is currently applied to every petrol car on the market.According to the latest international reports. This would replace the spark plug ignition system which is currently applied to every petrol car on the market. Mazda’s upcoming rotary sports car could feature laser ignition technology.

.this develops power more quickly and efficiently than lighting at just one point. Their prototype unit is made from two yttriumaluminum-gallium (YAG) segments. It is just 9mm in diameter and 11mm long. high-power lasers out of ceramics. the other with chromium.The Japanese boffins have come up with a way of making small. one doped with neodymium. and by using bursts of pulses less than a nanosecond in duration it can ignite a volume of lean fuel-air mix at two points simultaneously .

seminarprojects.netl. following a collaboration with Ford Motor Company and a laser manufacturer.pdf http://www.iitk.com/Thread-laser-ignitionsystem http://www.      http://www.gov/publications/proceedings/02/na turalgas/3-1. .in/erl/laserignition.html Mr.pdf http://www.ac.processeng.doe. Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University The University of Liverpool reported encouraging results.biz/docs/laser_Konferenzbeitrag_I FRF_proceedings. Utkarsh Bagal.