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Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Inter correlated quantitative dependent variables Extract the important information from the prepared table of data. to represent it as a set of new orthogonal variables called principal components .


Objectives of principal component analysis   To discover or to reduce the dimensionality of the data set. . To identify new meaningful underlying variables.

Principal of PCA   It reduces the variability in the data by creating the artificial variables that are called principle components Projects a dataset to a new coordinate system by determining the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a matrix .

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Applications of PCA      Neuroscience Computer graphics Meteorology Oceanography Gene expression .

Application of PCA in Neuroscience Quantitative analysis of minimal Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials (EPSPs) .

Application of PCA in Computer graphics  Compression of Bidirectional Texture Functions (BTF) .



Application of PCA in Metrology Daily temperature variation (1998-2000) .

Application of PCA in Metrology .

Application of PCA in Oceanography  43 stations in a study about the atmospheric pressure and mean seasonal cycle .


Application of PCA in Gene Expression .

Conclusion By: Ayesha Yousaf .