Temperature Effects on Parallel Cascaded Silica Based Microring Resonator

Fakhrurrozi, Subekti Ari S., Octarina Nur S., Ary Syahriar
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Al Azhar Indonesia

This research aims to simulate the effect of temperature changing on the data transmission in MR. This paper simulates and discuss about the temperature effect on cascaded parallel MR. Background Basic configuration of MR consists of a straight waveguide and a ring resonator.INTRODUCTION Abstract This paper investigate about the characteristic of microring resonator and specifically about the temperature effect on the cascaded parallel microring resonator. . The increased temperature will affect to the shifting of resonance wavelength. MR devices can be assembled by a single ring or multiple rings in a serial or parallel configuration. The simulated temperature are varied between 28oC to 500oC. 2 6/1/2013 . The wavelength range used in this simulation was on C-Band between 1530-1565 ฮผm.

Various kinds of losses occurred along the propagation of light in the MR filter are incorporated in the attenuation constant. the interaction can be described by the matrix relation: ๐‘ก ๐‘—๐œ… ๐ธ๐‘–1 ๐ธ๐‘ก1 = ๐‘—๐œ… โˆ— ๐‘ก โˆ— ๐ธ๐‘–2 ๐ธ๐‘ก2 (1) Et1 = Ei1 t + jEi2 K 3 6/1/2013 (2a) .54 1.555 1.1 0 1.56 1.6 0. Transmission Power 1 0.8 0.55 Wavelength (um) 1.4 0.2 0.THEORY AND METHODS Microring Resonator Et2 = jEi1 Kt + Ei2 t ๐‘ƒ๐‘ก1 = |๐ธ๐‘ก1 |2 = (1โˆ’๐›ผ ๐‘ก )2 (๐›ผโˆ’ ๐‘ก )2 (2b) (3) Figure below is the transmission power of MR from equation (3) and this is a single MR.5 0.565 x 10 -6 The illustrates the basic configuration of MR.3 0.545 1.9 0.7 Intensity 0.535 1.53 1.

value of L also determines the response filter and L being the circumference of the ring. MR parallel configuration offers more flexibility to the manufacturing process compared with other configurations. Ei2 = Et2 exp (โˆ’ 2 ๐ฟ โˆ’ ๐‘—๐›ฝ๐ฟ) ๐›ผ (4) The transmission amplitude of an optical MR for cascaded parallel as follows: The parallel configuration of MR. the distance should be set to be large enough to avoid direct interaction between the ring with other rings.Cascaded-Parallel L should vary like one other parameter. In addition to allowing precise phase relationship. ๐ธ๐‘–1 ๐ธ๐‘ก1 = ๐›ผ 2 ๐›ผ 1โˆ’๐‘ก 2 ๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘(โˆ’ ๐ฟโˆ’๐‘—๐›ฝ๐ฟ) 2 ๐‘กโˆ’๐‘ก ๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘(โˆ’ ๐ฟโˆ’๐‘—๐›ฝ๐ฟ) (5) The power for the transmission of cascaded parallel MR is obtained (6): ๐‘ƒ๐‘ก ๐œƒ = | ๐ธ๐‘–1 |2 = ๐‘ก1 ๐ธ ๐‘ก 2 +๐‘ก 2 ๐›พ 2 โˆ’2๐‘ก 2 ๐›พ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ (๐œƒ) 1โˆ’2๐‘ก 2 ๐›พ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘  ๐œƒ +๐‘ก 4 ๐›พ 2 (6) 4 6/1/2013 . In the parallel configuration.

466 1. semiconductor technology and the ultrafast femstone technology.467 1.469 refractive index 1.4675 1.RESULT AND DISCUSSION Sellmeier Equation 1.4655 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Temperature [celcius] 350 400 450 500 The variation of the refractive index with the temperature at constant pressure is called the thermo optic coefficient. The higher the value of refractive index with the increase in temperature occurs.468 1. 5 6/1/2013 . The sellmeier coefficient at any temperature T are computed from the room temperature sellmeier equation and the smoothed dn/dt or C values by calculating refractive index from the relations: ๐‘›๐‘‡ = ๐‘›๐‘’๐‘“๐‘“ + ๐‘‡ โˆ’ ๐‘‡0 โˆ— ๐ถ (7) The temperature affects the value of refractive index.4695 1. the optical fiber communications system.4665 1. The analysis of thermo optic coefficient are essential to characteristic the temperature dependent nonlinear optical devices.4685 1.4705 1.47 1.

535 1.565 x 10 -6 The comparison between room temperature (T0=28o Celcius) and high temperature (Tmax=500o Celcius).2 0.5 0.53 1.53 1.54 1. T1.9 0. 6 6/1/2013 .565 x 10 -6 0.56 1. the parameters that determine the resonance wavelength is teta (ฯด).2 0.56 1.8 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.1 0 1.8 0. Cascaded Parallel Microring Resonator 1 0.6 Power Temp. Effect between T 0. In thermo optic base on cascaded parallel MR.3 0.555 1.55 Wavelength (um) 1.3 0.545 1.4 0.6 Power T0=28 celcius (room temp) Tmax=500 celcius 0.555 1.545 1.5 0.7 0.55 Wavelength (um) 1.535 1. structure and assume that only two ring cavity is warming. T2 and T3 1 0.Temperature Effect on Cascaded-Parallel MR The transmission power as a function of wavelength in MR with radius of core R (Cascade Parallel.54 1.1 0 1.

7 0. vs Dlambda T1=150 celcius T2=325 celcius T3=500 celcius T0=28 celcius (room temp) T1=150 celcius T2=325 celcius T3=500 celcius 1.541 x 10 -6 Temp. from 28o Celcius up to 500o Celcius Dlambda Temp.542 ยตm shift up to 1. Effect between T 0.MR with the other temperature and comparison of โˆ†ฮป with each temperature The simulation of temperature effect of cascaded-parallel MR with comparison of three temperatures used in the parallel coupled MR.6 Power 1.5405 1.545 1.54 1. T2 and T3 1 0.565 x 10 -6 The simulation result using difference โˆ†ฮป between T1= 150o Celcius.2 0.56 1.55 Wavelength (um) 1. T1.54 1.5395 1. 7 6/1/2013 .543 1.4 0.3 0.555 1.5435 1.5425 1.8 0.53 1.544 ยตm. Maximum temperature 500o Celcius with wavelength 1.5 0.1 0 1.535 1.9 0. T2= 325o Celcius and T3= 500o Celcius.5415 1.542 1.539 50 100 150 200 250 300 Temperature 350 400 450 500 0.544 1.

This condition causes the difference in the resonance wavelength than like before. when using room temperature (T0). Although the optical communication system using light as the transmission. Temperature effect on the ring that has been heated MR has been demonstrated in the simulation study. The shift is occurred in a few wavelengths. which use temperature is not too high. because the high temperatures may result in damage to optical devices. In this study indicate that increased temperature 500o given in two rings (parallel cascaded) together โˆ†ฮป yield 0. the โˆ†ฮป caused a shift in the resonance wavelength. the propagation constant in the ring will change as well. When it rings in the heating.CONCLUSION โ€ข Distance between the first ring and the next has to be adjusted appropriately because this will cause interference or coupling in the transmission process. โ€ข 8 6/1/2013 . Wavelength shift caused by the temperature changing in parallel cascaded MR is not significant.005 ยตm. Because of rising temperatures.

Characterization Analysis on Silica Microring Resonator. Rabus. 2004. viewed on December. 20 2012). Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology. Thermo-Optic Effect on Silica Based Microring Resonator (MRR). Integrated Optical Filters Based On Microring. (Wikipedia. 52-66. Dominik G. Heryana Amri. 3-8. Netherlands. pp. Jakarta. pp. Integrated Ring Resonator. Paschotta Rudiger. Jakarta. 2011. 9 6/1/2013 . Heryana Amri. Springer. 2007.REFERENCE โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข Tan Freddy. Enschede. Berlin. 2011.

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