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In the United States, varicocele treatment has traditionally involved open surgery, usually performed by a urologic surgeon, or urologist. In recent years. a safe and effective nonsurgical alternative called varicocele embolization is becoming the treatment of choice for many patients and their physicians.
Varicocele Surgery In this type of varicocele treatment. the surgeon makes an incision above the scrotum (or higher in the flank area) and cuts through the layers of tissue to expose the veins .
The affected veins are ligated. . to detour the flow of blood into normal veins. Light activities may be resumed more quickly. or tied off. Sometimes a laparoscope (a cylindrical metal scope inserted into the abdomen) is used to perform the surgery. Recovery time depends on the type of surgery. but most patients require up to six weeks before heavy lifting and other strenuous activities can be performed.
a small catheter. or tube. Next. is painlessly guided up into the abdomen and into the varicocele vein under the guidance of x-ray imaging . a small tube is inserted into the groin through a small nick in the skin (about the size of the lead in a pencil). The skin is numbed for this procedure and it is not painful.Varicocele Embolization In this type of varicocele treatment. Sometimes the tube is put in through a vein in the right side of the neck.
A dye is injected to create an x-ray map (venogram) of the vein Then tiny metal coils or other embolizing substances are inserted through the catheter to block the flow of blood to the vein The tube is removed and no stitches are needed. Recovery from varicocele embolization typically takes less than 24 hours and patients often return to work the next day. Patients are observed for a few hours and go home the same day. .
as measured by improvement in pain. semen analysis and pregnancy rates. It does not require any surgical incision in the scrotal area. A patient with varicoceles on both sides can have both fixed at the same time through one vein puncture site (surgery requires two separate open incisions) .Advantages of Varicocele Embolization It is as effective as surgery.
but no embolization patient did). There is a lower rate of complications compared to surgery. •Post embolization patients are virtually never admitted to the hospital (in one study 24% of surgical patients needed hospital admissions.General anesthesia is not used for embolization (most surgery is done under general). Infection has not been reported after embolization. It requires less recovery time. •Even patients with physically demanding jobs may return to work within the next day or two. unlike post surgical patients .
TERIMA KASIH .