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Prepared by: Nurul Husna binti Abd Nasir 811500
and (6) disgust. (3) anger. and sadness. (5) surprise. (4) sadness.TRY THIS: Look at the photographs below and try to match each with one of the following emotions: surprise. disgust. anger.) . fear. joy. 1 2 3 4 5 6 (Answers: (From top left to bottom right) (1) joy. (2) fear.
How Good are People at Identifying Emotions in the Face? Happiness Disgust Fear Anger Surprise Sadness 0 20 40 60 80 100 Overall accuracy percentages .
he suggested that emotions are more short-lived. The individual typically is aware of the cause of the emotion. .Emotions and Education Outcomes •Emotions in education has seen greater emphasis among researchers and practitioners. •Forgas (2000) defined mood in term of relatively low-intensity.g.. diffuse and enduring affective states that have no salient antecedent cause and little cognitive content. failing an exam). •In contrast. and especially in how emotions and cognitions may interact to affect learning and motivation. intense phenomena that usually have a salient cause (e.
Taxonomy of Student Emotions •There are a number of different taxonomy or ways of defining emotions that have been used by personality and social psychologist but we use taxonomy that has been related to student motivation. learning and performance. .
. •Task-related emotions are relevant to achievement or learning tasks in school or other settings. •The taxonomy divides emotions into two general categories: task-related and social.•Pekrun (1992) proposed a general taxonomy of emotions that is relevant to student motivation. 1992). as well as to work-related tasks in occupations (Pekun & Frese. •Social emotions refer to potential emotions that could be generated from social interactions with other individuals. learning and achievement.
Taxonomy of Student Emotions Positive Task-related Process – related Prospective Enjoyment Hope Anticipatory joy Negative Boredom Arixiety Hopelessness (Resignation/despair) Sadness Disappointment Shame / guilt Anger Jealousy/envy Contempt Antipathy/hate Retrospective Relief Outcome-related joy Pride Gratitude Empathy Admiration Sympathy/love Social .
1. . Emotions or mood might influence learning and performance is through memory processes such as retrieval and storage of information • The general idea is that affective such as mood are encoded at the same time as other information and that the affect and information are intimately linked in an associative network.Effect of Emotions on Learning and Motivation Four general routes by which emotions or mood might influence various outcomes.
negative mood reflects more of an aversive or avoidance orientation and can result in more accommodation. analytic or detailed processing of information •In contrast. •For example. including a focus on external information and details. Affective experiences influence the types of cognitive and self-regulatory strategies used. while negative mood resulted in more systematic. . some of the original research suggested that positive mood produced more rapid. as well as being more stimulus-bound and less willing to make mistakes. less detailed and less systematic processing of information.2.
3. Increase or decrease the attentional resources that are available to students. •Emotions can take up space in working memory and increase the cognitive load for individuals .
4. . Emotions can work through their effect on intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes •Motivational and affective processes can interact to influence cognitive and behavioral outcomes.
CONCLUTION It seems clear that affective and motivational processes can interact and. learning and performance. through these interactions. influence cognition. .