Irfana Omar

giving more information about the object signified. .An Adjective Is …………  an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to qualify a noun or noun phrase.

Determiners usually come first. any.. The normal order for fact adjectives is size. even though they are fact adjectives: articles (a. black. origin: a big.) 2. colour. The general order is: opinion.) demonstratives (this. two. "Fact" is what is definitely true about something. What is the correct order for two or more adjectives? 1.) quantifiers (some. fact: a nice French car (not a French nice car) ("Opinion" is what you think about something. shape. material. your.... three……) . many.Adjectives before noun  We sometimes use more than one adjective before the noun:       I like big black dogs. age. wooden Chinese table 3.. old. the) possessives (my.) numbers (one. She was wearing a beautiful long red dress. that. square.….

.Adjectives after verb  An adjective can come after some verbs. feel. get.  Look at the examples below: subject verb adjective  Ram is English. she became impatient.  This milk tastes sour.  Because she had to wait.  Dinner smells good tonight.  Your friend looks nice. not the verb. such as: be. seem. look. smell.  Is it getting dark?  This towel feels damp.  That new film doesn't sound very interesting. it always refers to and qualifies the subject of the sentence.  It smells bad. become. sound Even when an adjective comes after the verb and not before a noun.

Degrees of adjectives Positive Rich Lovely Beautiful Comparative Richer Lovelier More beautiful Superlative Richest Loveliest Most beautiful Irregular comparative and superlative forms Good Bad Little Far Better Worse Less Further Best Worst Least Most Furthest Much. many. some More .

 Is French more difficult than English?  If we talk about the two planets Earth and Mars. Look at these examples:  John is 1m80. . Mars has more moons than Earth.000 things. But Chris is 1m85. He is taller than John.  Often. only 2 things). Mars is more distant from the Sun.Comparative adjectives  We use comparative adjectives when talking about 2 things (not 3 or 10 or 1. we can compare them as shown in the table below:  Mars is smaller than Earth. the comparative adjective is followed by "than". Mars is colder than Earth.  I want to have a more powerful computer.  America is big. But Russia is bigger.000. He is tall. A day on Mars is slightly longer than a day on Earth.

Jupiter is the most distant from the Sun. we can use superlative adjectives as shown in the table below:  Earth Mars Jupiter :  Jupiter is the biggest. David is 1m80.Superlative adjectives  We use a superlative adjective to describe one thing in a group of three or more things. Jupiter has the shortest day. Mars and Jupiter.  Canada. Jupiter has the most moons.  If we talk about the three planets Earth. Jupiter is the coldest.  Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Look at these examples:  John is 1m75. Chris is 1m85. Chris is the tallest. But Russia is the biggest. China and Russia are big countries. .

large. book cover) . hunting cabin. old. Canadian) Material — denominal adjectives denoting what something is made of (e.. often regarded as part of the noun (e. woolen.. American.. black. interesting) Size and Shape — adjectives subject to objective measure (e. pale) Origin — denominal adjectives denoting source of noun (e. rocking chair. Observation — postdeterminers and limiter adjectives (e. metallic. a perfect idiot) and adjectives subject to subjective measure (e. ancient) Colour — adjectives denoting colour (e.g. passenger car.g. a real hero. red. wealthy. wooden) Qualifier — final limiter.g. round) Age — adjectives denoting age (e. beautiful.g. French.Order of adjectives in a series         The categories in the following table can be described as follows: Determiners — articles and other limiters.g.g.g. new.. young.g.....

The Royal orders of Adjectives Determin ers Observati ons Physical description Origin Material Qualifier Noun Size A An Four Beautiful Expensive Gorgeous Longstemmed Short Big Square Dilapidate d Little Enormous Delicious Young American Thai Old Shape Age Old Antique Red Color Italian Silver Silk Touring Car Mirror Roses Her Our Those That Several Some Black English Wooden Hat Hunting basketball Hair Sheepdog Boxes Cabin Players Food .

very hot. hot. hotter.Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns.  Some qualities can vary in intensity or grade (for example: rather hot.  Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are:  extremes (for example: freezing)  absolutes (for example: dead)  classifying (for example: nuclear) The adjectives freezing. the hottest). The adjective hot is gradable. hot. . dead and nuclear are nongradable.

But Sweden was the coldest. the biggest hot. fast. the most important Look at these example sentences:  My teacher was very happy with my homework. …………     A gradable adjective can also have comparative and superlative forms: big. slightly. bigger. hotter.…. But this one is more popular.  He said that Holland was a little cold and Denmark was rather cold. hot.. clever cold deep. immensely. dreadfully. intensely. gradable adjectives angry. reasonably. . more important. big. fairly.Gradable Adjectives  A gradable adjective can be used with "grading adverbs" that vary the adjective's grade or intensity. good. hugely.  That website is reasonably popular. Look at these examples: grading adverbs a little. long. extremely. high. busy. popular. the hottest important.

 Non-gradable adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:  freezing. the most freezing  dead.  He is investing in slightly nuclear energy. the most nuclear  Often.  The dog was dead.  He is investing in nuclear energy.  The dog was very dead. more nuclear. deader. .Non-gradable Adjectives  A non-gradable adjective cannot be used with grading adverbs:  It was rather freezing outside. the deadest  nuclear. more freezing. non-gradable adjectives are used alone:  It was freezing outside.

9. Fred's results were (bad) _______________ John's. the President is (important) _____________________ person. 7. . It's (easy) _____________________ I expected. Fred's results were very poor. I hope the weather will be (good) _______________ next week.it's raining. Jeremy is 10 years old. The Alps are very high. People say that Chinese is (difficult) ____________________to learn than English. They are usually (friendly) ____________________ in small towns. A Twingo costs less money. 10. 6. Julie is 8 years old. An ocean is (large) _____________________ a sea.Try it now………  Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the adjective. 3. In the government of a country. People are not friendly in big cities. A Rolls Royce is (expensive) ________________________ a Twingo. Jeremy is (old)__________________Julie 2. The weather is not good today . A Rolls Royce costs a lot of money. 8. This exercise is not difficult. John's results were bad. 1. 4. They are (high) ____________________ mountains in Europe. 5.

9. (bad) than the weather yesterday but not as …………….. (far) than the school. (bad) as it was four days ago. Ventspils is …………………………. 15.Try degrees of comparison……  1. 7.... (far) town in Latvia I have been to. 5. they changed their mind. . As soon as they understood that the second book was………………………….……………….. (new) car than he could ever imagine. (long) than we had expected.. 14.  2. 12... (stubborn) as donkeys! 11. 3.. 13. George bought a…………………………. The shop is……………………. 6. (harmful) than the cold.... The weather today is ………... (boring) than the first one. They are as………………. 8. They were less ……………………………. The story was……………………………… (exciting) one I have ever heard. The town is just as………………………………… (large) as my native one. The girl is very………………………………………… (intelligent). The heat is less ………………………………….. This song is……………………………………… (beautiful) one in the world! 10.. 4. (good) than I expected.. Tim is……………………………………… (intelligent) than Pat. The mark is a …………………………………….              The road was…………………………. (tired) than we.

Some cars are ……………………………….. The boy is……………………………….(dirty) in fact they are………………………. (fast) runner of all.  20.Sometimes friends are …………………………………….  25. (polite) than me..The jeans are very …………………….  29.The dog is…………………………………… (angry) than its master.The cake is just as……………………………. (dirty) than the trousers..  21.(pleasant) as a greeting card.The nature is…………………………. It is as ……………………………. (devoted) than relatives.  30.  19. (warm) than that blanket.  24. (important) than making profit.  23. (expensive) than others. .  26. She is …………………………….  27.  18. 16.This blanket ……………………………………. (sweet) as the ice-cream.Planes are ……………………………….. They are very …………………………………… (upset) with the results. (aggressive) than the previous time.  22.  17. The price will be less……………………………. (convenient) means of travelling of all.The movie was……………………………… (interesting) than the book.  28.Acandle gives ………………………… (little) than a lamp.

stronger. more interesting. 8. 7. 3.. • 1. . worse. Which university offers (the good. strongest) as his father. the best) degree courses. the farthest) distance you have ever run? . 10. taller. funniest) as the other one . 4. tallest) as your brother. He is easily the (bad. shallowest) in this area 5. 9. farther. That pond is the (shallow. the better. prettiest) than her sister. The second half of the play was (little. This clown is not as (funny. . the least) interesting. You are not as (tall. What is (far. 6. My father is as (strong. 2. That has to be the (interesting. less. worst) player in the team. most interesting) film I have seen.Choose the correct response . shallower. funnier. prettier. She is (pretty.

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