G1 project overview and update for GBDC reflection meeting

Andy Nelson & Parvesh Chandna - IRRI 10/04/13
Dhaka
On behalf of: BWDB IWM IRRI LGED SRDI Bangladesh Water Development Board Institute of Water Modelling International Rice Research Institute Local Government Engineering Department Soil Resource Development Institute

OUTCOMES WP3 – Extrapolation domains Change in Knowledge, Attitude and/or Skills Project outputs Compilation of a geodatabase covering all thematic spatial information related to the project, including characterization of the test sites and study areas Extrapolation domains for each technology Land-use plans based on trends,constraints, and interventions

Change in Practice / Behaviour

Impact

Local GO, extension agents and scientists responsible for agricultural technical innovations

Learn about new technologies and where its chances of adoption is greatest.

Use of domain maps as a decision support tool to more effectively scale up the adoption of new technologies

National level policy makers responsible for water resource and land management and land use zoning. Understand the implications of different land use plans under different future scenarios. Use the maps as decision support tools when planning future interventions.

Increased chances of appropriate technology adoption and likelihood of adoption of sustainable land and water use policies.

Overview
- introduction

Parvesh - data sharing and collaboration - extrapolation domains [discussion]
Andy - introduction to the WebGIS - work plan for year 3 - issues that are important from a development context/ from a strategic science context - wrap up - G1 partners additions/comments [final discussion]

Extrapolation Domains?

BDWB

IWM

IRRI

LGED

SRDI

Introduction
1. Datasets Shared by G1 Partners 2. Extrapolation Domains Material and Methods Results Data gaps Linkages to Mouza level SE datasets Ex. Domain activities till Nov. 2013

IWM & BWDB
• Maximum and minimum water salinity for coastal zone (monthly average from Jan to June for 2011)
• High resolution digital elevation model for coastal region (IWM) • Flood inundation depth data for 9 polders (7 days) and DEM (IWM) • Vector layer of polder boundaries, khals and sluice gate locations ( IWM/BWDB) • Surface water level data for > 200 locations (BWDB)

• Ground water quality and level data of six districts (68 locations from 2002 to 2011)

SRDI
• Soil Salinity Map of 2000 and 2009 - coastal region • Physiographic Map - Bangladesh

• Agro-ecological regions - Bangladesh
• Land types (flood inundation depth) for coastal zone • Soil pH layer – 15000 samples for lower coastal zone • General soil map • Salinity monitoring data – 36 samples

LGED

• • • •

Mouza boundaries - Barisal and Khulna divisions
Road/River/Khal maps - Barisal and Khulna Rural market and growth centre locations Rapid Eye Satellite Images of south-western area Village level census data (Ag) – Barisal and Khulna

Extrapolation Domains

Material and Methods

Process…

 Selection of critical parameters
 Development of criteria for landuse requirements in consultation with domain experts

 Decision rules
 Existing spatial data and creation of new layers  Satellite data processing (23m and 5m resolution)

 Geo-statistical Modeling
 Draft Layers for discussion and evaluation among CPWF-G1 team  and .. GDBC team and stakeholders  Refinement in landuse requirements and criteria  Open access of final extrapolation domain maps through WebGIS

Material and methods

Study Area

Polder 30 Polder 3 Polder 43/2F

Material and methods

Proposed number of domains to map Existing system for validation (1)Aman – Rabi crop (2)Aus - Aman (3)Aman - Shrimp (4)Year round aquaculture Innovative systems for targetting (1)Aman (HYV) - Rabi (HVC) (2)Aus – Aman - Boro (3)Aus - Aman - Rabi crop (4)Boro - Aman (5)Aus (HYV) – Aman (HYV) (6) Year round polyculture (7) Aman - Shrimp Each one can be mapped as present and conditional system

Material and methods

Year Round Aquaculture
Criteria and parameters for developing extrapolation domains

S1

S1 = Most Suitable

S2 = Suitable

S3 = Least Suitable

SN = Not Suitable

Material and methods Min Temp – 2nd week of Feb and March Max water salinity levels

Flood Inundation depth

Soil texture

Soil pH

Preliminary Results and Progress

Preliminary Results …

Extrapolation domains/suitable areas for Pl stocking
0-7 days - Feb 7-15days - Feb 15-21days - Feb

0-7 days - March 21-30 days - Feb

Preliminary results …

Areas Suitable for Shrimp Cultivation

S1 = Dark Green S2 = Light Green S3 = Purple SN = Yellow

Preliminary results …

Areas Suitable for Aman Rice Cultivation

S1 = Dark Green S2 = Light Green S3 = Purple SN = Yellow

Preliminary results …

Suitability for Shrimp-Aman Cultivation
Aman Rice

Shrimp

S1 = Dark Green S2 = Light Green S3 = Purple SN = Yellow

Shrimp-Rice

Preliminary results …

Suitability for TAus- Aman Rice Cultivation
TAus
S1 = Dark Green S2 = Light Green S3 = Purple SN = Yellow

TAman

TAus-Aman Rice

Preliminary results …

Ex. Domains at Polder Level
Shrimp TAus Aman

Shrimp-Aman
S1 = Dark Green S2 = Light Green S3 = Purple SN = Yellow

Aman

Datagaps …

What is needed for higher accuracy

Shrimp

Aman Rice

Work in Progress…

3 Ground Survey completed to cover Aman and Boro Crops Spectral Signature for specific crops and situations created First version of Land Use Land cover map (23 m resolution) near to completion after Aus GT in June 2013 Initial Soil salinity map generated using salinity index … need improvement – Yellow Band classification with decision rule

Linkages to SE and LULC …

Socio-economic datasets and linkages to extrapolation domains ?
Percentage of small farmers
More than 10,000 Mouzas Percentage of leased Land

Values in percent

Otther datasets include Population, work participation rates, literacy rates, labour, farm machination, irrigation, livestock, crop area, HYVs and cropping intensity

Ex. Domain Activities until Nov. 2013
Landuse/Land cover map – High resolution all major crops and cropping system information Selection of SE Parameters and their Criteria to incorporate in Ex Domains in Consultation with G3 Consultation with GBDC partners and beyond to evaluate and improve the Ex domains maps and their Criteria Develop Ex. Domain criteria for Innovative cropping system in consultation with G2
Improved data layers in consultation with G4, G2 and G1 partners and stakeholders

Thank You

WebGIS for GBDC
Why a webGIS?

To disseminate and publicise outputs from G1
To put GBDC “on the map”

To show where we (G1 and other G‟s) work
To control access to the datasets

WebGIS for GBDC
Platform – ESRI ArcGIS Server 10 hosted on Amazon cloud

WebGIS for GBDC
What does this mean?

Amazon cloud platform is “Always on” and not limited by the bandwidth or infrastructure of any GBDC partner
Data upload to the webGIS is currently managed by IRRI ANYONE can view the data online ONLY REGISTERED USERS can download the GIS data – they can download in bulk or direct to their GIS via a “Web Mapping Service” We have made a demo page as an example of that it looks like

WebGIS for GBDC
To be discussed

All layers generated by G1 will be on the GIS for view/download. What other layers are we willing to share for viewing or downloading?
What other information from GBDC could be on there? Survey sites? Trial sites? Other activities? WebGIS should be embedded in GBDC web presence. Need to agree on registration process, and restrictions on use for data download. IRRI absorbs cost of webGIS during project lifetime, who will take this on after the project ends?

Future work plans
Complete extrapolation domains criteria and datasets finalised with partners in May inclusion of socioeconomic factors in May/Jun conventional cropping patterns in Jul, validated in Aug innovative cropping patterns in Oct, validated in Nov Complete land cover / land use mapping fieldwork complete in Jun map validated by partners/stakeholders in Aug/Sep [future land use plans to de discussed/developed with G4] WebGIS development interface and functionality complete in Jul consultation with GDBC on sustainability Jul consultation on how and with whom to share datasets Aug first layers made available in Aug inclusion of information from other G projects in Oct

Expected outputs in 2013/14
Publications CPWF Report on extrapolation domains method and results CPWF Report on future land use scenarios in the coastal zone High resolution land cover & soil salinity mapping in the coastal zone Contribution to a policy brief on areas suitable for intensification Contribution to a policy brief on future scenarions Datasets Mouza level 2008 Agriculture and 2011 Population census datasets Extrapolation domain maps for ~ 12 cropping systems Validated high resolution land cover /land use map for 2013 WebGIS

Research issues
What issues are coming out of the project important from a development context / from a strategic science context How to maintain the data sharing environment / partnerships beyond the project? The benefit of this within G1 was highlighted in our MSC story, but how can this be sustained post project? Too many projects „waste‟ precious time & effort in data collection or rather data searching. What are the mechanisms and incentives at management level in each institute to promote more transparent access to and information about data holdings?

Research issues
What issues are coming out of the project important from a development context / from a strategic science context The first extrapolation domains have already identified areas (i.e. Polder 43/2f) that are highly suitable for intensification. More areas will follow as more domain maps are produced. How do we go beyond the remit of G1 and the GDBC to convince stakeholders to not only refer to these domains but to actually act up on them? What is the effect of land tenure, poverty and livlihood constraints on adoption and what are the strategies to increase adoption under these conditions?

Research issues
What issues are coming out of the project important from a development context / from a strategic science context What are the potential gains in productivity (from G2) and income (from G2) in moving from current cropping systems (from land use map) to more intensive options (from domain maps) and how many farms/farmers would be affected (from census data)?

How will these gains be affected by the future change scenarios?

Comments from G1 partners

Thank you

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