You are on page 1of 36

Road Safety

First Week of January We celebrate Road

Safety week.

ROAD SAFETY

  • Every year, out of 2.1 lacs unnatural deaths in India, nearly 68,000 (more than 34% ) are due to road accidents . One out of every

69 vehicles meets with an accident,causing

169 deaths per day and 710 injured (2.6

lacs per year). 80% of these accidents are

due to driving faults.

ROAD SAFETY  Every year, out of 2.1 lacs unnatural deaths in India, nearly 68,000 (more
ROAD SAFETY  Accidents can cause death or a serious injury. An accident causes agony to

ROAD SAFETY

  • Accidents can cause death or a serious injury. An accident causes agony to the victim and his nearest kith and kins, shattering the whole family.

  • In a survey conducted of 1200 drivers, nearly 50% had no knowledge of traffic rules,33% were not aware of the significance of road signs, 63% admitted that they are not observing traffic rules though they are aware of the rules.

  • Only 20% know how to overtake correctly.India has hardly 1% of all the total vehicles in the world, and yet contributes to 6% of the total accidents in the World.

ROAD SAFETY

DRIVE TO STAY ALIVE

It has been proved world over that

accidents can be reduced by a three pronged attack on the traffic problem

called 3‟E‟S‟, namely

  • Engineering

  • Enforcement

  • Education.

ROAD SAFETY

  • Engineering effort means making the vehicles & road safer.

  • Enforcement means the government authorities must enforce the rules & regulation,effectively.

ROAD SAFETY  Engineering effort means making the vehicles & road safer.  Enforcement means the
  • Education is the one factor which is in our control. By educating the drivers about the technique & skills & by fostering awareness of the driver‟s attitude

ROAD SAFETY

Specific defensive techniques are

highlighted as under.

DEFENSIVE DRIVING:

Defensive Driving is driving to save lives, time & money in spite of the conditions around you & the actions of others.

The

conditions

can

be

that

of

road,weather,traffic,light etc. & the actions of others can be violations,discourtesy,lack

of knowledge of other drivers etc.

ROAD SAFETY

KNOWLEDGE:

  • Knowledge of the regional traffic rules is very important in becoming a defensive driver.You must know the vehicles thoroughly.

you are driving

  • Defensive driving requires ALERTNESS. Motor vehicle drivers have only their eyes, ears,brains,hands & feet to keep them from disaster behind the wheel.

ROAD SAFETY

FORESIGHT:

Foresight is the ability to anticipate & prepare for most of the eventualities.

*

*

Long Range

Immediate.

The driver who checks the vehicle carefully ,before starting a trip is exercising long range

foresight.

The driver who notices the situation of traffic at an inter-section down the road, is using immediate foresight. The driver may notice

children playing on the side walk and should

foresee the likelihood of their suddenly coming on the road.

ROAD SAFETY

Both types of foresight can be developed

& improved by training & constant &

conscious practice.

ROAD SAFETY

GOOD JUDGMENT:

Good judgment means that there are always alternatives in any traffic situations.

We always have more than one choice.

Sometimes, that choice is limited to which of the two accidents to have, for there is always a less dangers one. Good judgment

means using our common sense & intuition

to choose wisely & quickly. For e.g.,You have to judge whether to have a head on

collision with a vehicle suddenly coming in

your path or move left & run off the road.

ROAD SAFETY

Skill

Last but not the least, defensive driving requires SKILL to maneuvers a vehicle

properly while making turns, passing,

changing gears & parking. Skilled drivers know to make these

maneuvers right way every time, in basic

& emergency conditions.

ROAD SAFETY

STANDARD ACCIDENT PREVENTION FORMULA (1) RECOGNISE THE HAZARD (2)UNDERSTAND THE DEFENSE (3) ACT CORRECTLY IN TIME.

The ability to recognize the hazard,

understand the defense & act accordingly

in time is the foundation of DEFENSIVE DRIVING.

ROAD SAFETY

RECOGNIZE HAZARDS

To recognize hazards successfully, must avoid driving with a fixed stare on the vehicle just ahead.The Defensive Driver scans the road 12 to 15 seconds ahead when driving in town & 20-30 seconds eye-lead time for highways 12-15 seconds

time means the distance the vehicle will travel in 12-15 seconds.)

A good rule of the thumb is to scan the

horizon. Hazards behind & on the sides are

recognized by checking the view & side mirrors every few seconds.

ROAD SAFETY

Once your have recognized a potential

hazard you must understand what to do about it by anticipating what probably will happen & deciding what to do to prevent

an accident.

  • Brake (Stop or Slowdown)

  • Steer to the left or right.

  • Tap the horn to warn/communicate our presence & our intentions to others.

ROAD SAFETY

SIX CONDITIONS

There are six conditions an expert accomplished driver must consider while driving.

(1) Light(2)Road(3)Weather(4)Traffic (5)Vehicle (6)Driver

  • (a) No Street lights or they are not working.

  • (b) Our head lights are not working or their beams are not properly adjusted.

  • (c) Insufficient light from our head lights to see hazard ahead & react in time. This is called over-riding the head lights.

ROAD SAFETY

Blinded by on coming vehicle

our pupils need 4-7 seconds to readjust from bright blinding light to normal light conditions at night, by which time at a speed of 60 km/h, we will be traveling 120-190 meters which is more than the length of a foot ball field.

Be extra cautious at night.57% of all

traffic deaths happen at night.

To see & to be seen is important.Keep the

wind screen & lights clean & in working

conditions.

ROAD SAFETY

BLINED BY ONCOMING VEHICLE

To defend ourselves when we are blinded by an oncoming vehicle;

  • 1. Slow down to increase the following distance of the vehicle ahead.

  • 2. Turn off our head light briefly to communicate with the oncoming vehicles driver.

  • 3. Look to the left or edge of road to keep us on our while we can‟t look ahead.

ROAD SAFETY

When we are blinded by the vehicle behind

allow the vehicle to pass. Sometimes, the light may be poor even in day time. It may be due to dawn/dusk, a tunnel, foggy/rainy days. In this situation, turn on the headlight on the low beam, put on parking

lights & reduce speed which will increase

the following distance from the vehicle in front.

ROAD SAFETY

ADVERSE ROAD CONDITIONS

Curves, hills,narrow width of pavement,damaged road surface,poorly marked road,wet & slippery pavements, potholes,rail

road tracks,construction areas are some of the

adverse road conditions.

Look out for road signs & be warned about condition of the road ahead & as a

„DEFENSIVE DRIVER‟ recognize the changing

conditions & adjust your driving accordingly.

ROAD SAFETY

ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS

Rain,snow,sleet,fog,smog,dust,wind &

humidity are some of the adverse weather conditions.

Rain,snow etc. make the roads slippery. In

light drizzle,the oil on the road & water make a layer & allows the tyres to float on

its surface reducing the contact with the

road. This condition makes the vehicle,skid. To avoid this,slowdown when it starts raining & increase the

distance from the vehicle in front. Watch

out for other drives who may loose control

ROAD SAFETY

In foggy or smoggy weather,put on

parking lights & your head lights in

low beam for best visibility, as well

as to be seen.

In really bad weather it is better to

surrender & postpone your trip until

conditions improve,or pull off the road as far as possible & turn off all

lights except flashers.

ROAD SAFETY

TRAFFIC

Traffic can be congested in morning or evening rush hours.Watch out for

pedestrians especially during lunch hour

& near schools & institutes. We have to adjust our driving according to the situation we face or take an alternate

route. Always yield the right of way to

pedestrians.

ROAD SAFETY

VEHICLE

The poor condition of our vehicle can also cause an accident.

Our vehicles won‟t respond unless all

components are in good working condition.Tyre conditions & specified tyre pressure is necessary for fuel economy.

Check

brakes,horn,exhaust,windshield,taillights, wipers,lights,fluid level & others

regularly. Safety belts,helmets are life

savers,but only when they are used

properly. Make it click.

ROAD SAFETY

Before driving an unfamiliar vehicle,take

time to get to know where the controls are & how they operate.

Every vehicle must be maintained & driven in such condition that smoke,visible vapours ,sparks,ashes or oily substances are not emitted & run with

the least noise. Every vehicle is required

to be tested for pollution under control. Pollution control standards are laid down

in terms of carbon monoxide

,smoke,hydro-carbons & nitrogen acids limitations.

ROAD SAFETY

DRIVER

The ATTITUDE of a driver can be

controlled.

Many drivers drive from one place to

another,& are not able to recall anything

they saw on the way-One gets behind the

wheel & puts his mind on “Auto Pilot” &

have the body drive the vehicle.

The whole time the mind tends to think of

everything else except the driving.”DO

NOT DAY DREAM OR POLAN WHILE

DRIVING”.

ROAD SAFETY

It is important to be extra cautious when you find yourself in the following

conditions:-

ANGER

If you have an argument with someone,your behavior is affected by quicker acceleration,aggressive & reckless

driving. Anger does have an impact on

your driving. To dissipate the emotions, you can take several deep breaths,go for a

short walk,count one to hundred or

anything to get rid of the anger.

ROAD SAFETY

TIRED

When you are tired,the reactions are slowed down.The thought process will not work at full capacity. Do not try to push yourself that extra couple of kilometers. Pull off the road, get out & walk around the vehicle.If possible take a short nap.

Don‟t think that you can make it to the

destination without falling asleep. If you fall asleep, you may not wake up again.

ROAD SAFETY

DEPRESSED

When you are depressed,you tend to have

an “I don‟t care” attitude.You take

chances while driving that you normally would not take. Try to change your mood by thinking about a pleasant experience,or do something to put the mind in a better

mood.

ROAD SAFETY

HURRY

You can not make up 30 minutes of driving time in 15 minutes. If you are behind schedule,resign to the fact that you will be late. If your try to make up the lost time, you drive in a much more dangerous manner & tend to think of making up the

lost time. Do not put your self in this

situation & lead to an accident.

ROAD SAFETY

ALCOHOL

Alcohol & driving do not mix well. Alcohol impairs judgment, reaction

time,vision & co-ordination.Replacement

of normal fear of consequences by over

confidence,leading to foolish chances

being taken,temporary loss of knowledge

of safety rules are the potential hazards.

ROAD SAFETY

DRUGS

Check with your physician whether the

prescribed drug will have any side effects

which can affect your driving ability.

PHYSUCAL IMPAIRMENTS

Vision or hearing problems,muscle

weakness,heart disease & diabetes are

conditions that can increase your driving

risk.Consult your physician whether you

are fit to drive.

ROAD SAFETY

DISTRACTION

Even a moment‟s distraction can cause an

accident.A distraction by a passenger, a

bee can be serious.A”DEFENSIVE

DRIVER” should not get distracted.

Statistics has proved that nearly 70% to 80% of all traffic accidents are caused by

driver‟s error.Expert DEFENSIVE

DRIVERS, avoid getting into tight spots.They recognized that when the other five conditions namely

light,road,weather,traffic,& the vehicle are

poor; their attitude, attentiveness & skill are all that may prevent an accident.

ROAD SAFETY

We seldom meet all these poor conditions one at a time.Usually they may gang up & make driving a difficult task.

As a “DEFENSIVE DRIVER” one must

identify all the conditions present in any driving situation & adjust to them.

HOW TO PREVENT AN ACCIDENT

Knowing how to adjust your driving in the face of adverse driving conditions, you must now look at the actions of others.

Thanks, K.P.Desai
Thanks, K.P.Desai

Thanks,

K.P.Desai

Thanks, K.P.Desai
Thanks, K.P.Desai