REPORTED BY: SHERMILA B. PAGUIO II-22 BSE PHYSICS
To learn and to understand more about the Simple Pendulum To determine its parts To know the history of Simple Pendulum To get some facts and trivia’s about Simple Pendulum
In this presentation we will learn together one of the different kind of pendulum that exist and this is the Simple Pendulum that would be discussed to us from the beginning up to the end. This presentation also aims to help the students to learn in a manner that they would enjoy what they are learning as well.
History of Pendulum What is Pendulum What are the parts of Pendulum Formulas within the Pendulum Trivia and Facts Reference
.HISTORY OF PENDULUM
From its discovery around 1602 by Galileo Galilei the regular motion of pendulums was used for timekeeping. and was the world's most accurate timekeeping technology until the 1930s.
Italy 8 January 1642 (aged 77) Arcetri. Italy
Fields Astronomy. Duchy of Florence.GALILEO GALILEI
15 February 1564 Pisa.Grand Duchy of Tuscany. physics and mathematics
Known fo Kinematics r Dynamics Telescopic observational astronomy Heliocentrism
His first existent report of his research is contained in a letter to Guido Ubaldo dal Monte. 1602. dated November 29. beginning around 1602.
.GALILEO GALILEI’S RESEARCH
Italian scientist Galileo Galilei was the first to study the properties of pendulums. from Padua.
Galileo discovered the crucial property that makes pendulums useful as timekeepers. claimed his interest had been sparked around 1582 by the swinging motion of a chandelier in the Pisa cathedral.His biographer and student. the period of the pendulum is approximately independent of the amplitude or width of the swing
. Vincenzo Viviani. called isochronism.
He first employed free swinging pendulums in simple timing applications. the pulsilogium. and proportional to the square root of the length of the pendulum.
. A physician friend invented a device which measured a patient's pulse by the length of a pendulum.He also found that the period is independent of the mass of the bob.
he pendulum was the first harmonic oscillator used by man. Vincenzo began construction. but had not completed it when he died in 1649.In 1641 Galileo conceived and dictated to his son Vincenzo a design for a pendulum clock.
and are used in scientific instruments such as accelerometers and seismometers.
.Pendulums are used to regulate pendulum clocks.
and even as a standard of length.
. from the Latin pendulus. The word 'pendulum' is new Latin. meaning 'hanging'. Historically
they were used as gravimeters to measure the acceleration of gravity in geophysical surveys.
This was a great improvement over existing mechanical clocks. Pendulums spread over Europe as existing clocks were retrofitted with them.
. their best accuracy was increased from around 15 minutes deviation a day to around 15 seconds a day.THE PENDULUM CLOCK
1656 the Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens built the first pendulum clock.
Titan Explanation Saturn's rings Centrifugal force Collision formulae Pendulum clock Huygens–Fresnel principle Wave theory Birefringence Evolvent huygenian eyepiece
. Dutch Republic
July 8. 1695 (aged 66) The Hague.CHRISTIAAN HUYGEN
Born April 14. 1629 The Hague.
consisting of a pendulum that is free to swing in two dimensions.The English scientist studied the conical pendulum around 1666. He used the motions of this device as a model to analyze the orbital motions of the planets.
. with the bob rotating in a circle or ellipse.
Hooke suggested to Isaac Newton in 1679 that the components of orbital motion consisted of inertial motion along a tangent direction plus an attractive motion in the radial direction. Robert Hooke was also responsible for suggesting as early as 1666 that the pendulum could be used to measure the force of gravity.
. This played a part in Newton's formulation of the law of universal gravitation.
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED PENDULUMS
During the 18th and 19th century. the pendulum clock's role as the most accurate timekeeper motivated much practical research into improving pendulums. changing the period of swing.
. It was found that a major source of error was that the pendulum rod expanded and contracted with changes in ambient temperature.
the mercury pendulum in 1721and the gridiron pendulum in 1726.This was solved with the invention of temperature compensated pendulums.
. reducing errors in precision pendulum clocks to a few seconds per week.
and the distance between the two points was equal to the length of a simple gravity pendulum of the same period. Huygens had discovered in 1673 that a pendulum has the same period when hung from its center of oscillation as when hung from its pivot..The accuracy of gravity measurements made with pendulums was limited by the difficulty of finding the location of their center of oscillation.
In 1818 British Captain Henry Kater invented the reversible Kater's pendulum which used this principle. making possible very accurate measurements of gravity. For the next century the reversible pendulum was the standard method of measuring absolute gravitational acceleration
The length of the
. He suspended a pendulum free to swing in two dimensions (later named the Foucault pendulum) from the dome of the Panthéon in Paris.1851: FOUCAULT PENDULUM
In 1851. tends to stay constant regardless of the motion of the pivot. and that this could be used to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth. like a gyroscope. Jean Bernard Léon Foucault showed that the plane of oscillation of a pendulum.
discovered eddy currents.JEAN BERNARD LÉON FOUCAULT
Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (18 September 1819 – 11 February 1868) was a French physicist best known for the invention of theFoucault pendulum. a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation. is credited with naming
. and although he did not invent it. He also made an early measurement of the speed of light.
as Foucault pendulums were displayed in many cities and attracted large crowds.Once the pendulum was set in motion.
. and a "pendulum mania" broke out.This was the first demonstration of the Earth's rotation that didn't depend on celestial observations. the plane of swing was observed to precess or rotate 360° clockwise in about 32 hours.
Is an idealized model consisting of a point mass suspended by massless. is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely. unstretchable string.
PARTS OF PENDULUM
String Bob’s or Marble Stand or Flatform
bind. It is up to you how long the string would be.
is a flexible piece of rope or twine which is used to tie. or hang other objects.
most commonly calcite or dolomite.
.BOB’S OR MARBLE
Is a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals.
Supports the string and the bob of the pendulum. It is where the string rest or hang.
Frequency Period Pendulum’s Formula
Is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time.
Is the duration of one cycle in a repeating event. so the period is the reciprocal of the frequency.
t = F = -mg sinq . 2 dt
. I = m .
-mg sin q = m
dq . 2 dt
dq g g 2 + q = 0 Þ w = .PENDULUM’S FORMULA (Ω)
t = I a.
the period does not depend on the mass.
.TRIVIA AND FACT
As long as the cord can be considered massless and the amplitude is small.
com University Physics Science in a series of new world Webster dictionary
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