You are on page 1of 14

Overview of Wireless Communications Research in SITE

Claude DAmours

Introduction to Research in Wireless Communications

Research in this area focuses on physical layer technologies for wireless communication systems.

Fading Mitigation Modulation Error Control Codes Multiple Access High spectral efficiency techniques

Physical Layer
Source coder Channel coder Modulator

Data from Higher layers

Channel Source decoder Data to Higher layers Channel decoder


Demodulator

Wireless Channels

Communication over wireless channels has some complications not encountered in wireline communications

Multipath

Leads to time varying fading. ISI and frequency selective fading From other signals Physical obstructions between transmitter and receiver.

Interference

Fading Mitigation

Fading causes amplitude fluctuations and phase shifts. Phase shifts extremely detrimental to phase based modulation techniques.

Phase correction

Channel estimation using pilots Channel estimation by parameter extraction.

Noncoherent detection.

Low amplitude makes detection difficult in presence of noise.

Error control codes and interleaving.

Modulation

Finding modulation schemes that perform well in wireless environments


PSK, QAM with channel estimation Noncoherent FSK

Error Control Codes

Conventionally, wireless systems use block or convolutional codes. Turbo codes are parallel concatenated convolutional codes that are iteratively decoded. Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes also use iterative decoding based on graph theory (message passing). Space Time Block Codes (MIMO).

Multiple Access

How different users share a common channel

FDMA

Channel divided into distinct frequency subchannels

TDMA

Channel divided into distinct time slots


All users transmit simultaneously on the same range of frequencies. Transmitted signal is multiplied by a distinct code that is needed to extract said signal from the sum of all users signals.

CDMA

Multiple Input Multiple Output Channels (MIMO)

Systems with multiple transmit and receive antennas.

Spatial Multiplexing (SM)

V-BLAST Alamouti Jafarkhani

Space Time Block Codes (STBC)


Both SM and STBC perform best when receiver or transmitter knows the different channel gains.

MIMO (2)
Nt transmit antennas Nr receive antennas
(n) 11
(n) 12

n) 1(N r

(n) 21 (n) 22

( n) 2 Nr

(n) N t1
( n) N t2 ( n) N t Nr

Wireless Communication Researchers

Yongacoglu

DSP for Wireless Communication Systems


Geolocation RAKE Receivers Turbo Codes PAPR in OFDM through coding

Channel and Source Coding


Galko

Communication Theory Digital Communications

Wireless Communication Researchers (2)

Yeap

High capacity wireless access


Radio and UWB over Fiber Photonic Processing of Microwave Signals Phased antenna arrays

Yao

Wireless Communication Researchers (3)

DAmours

CDMA

Multiuser detection Spectral Efficiency Coded spreading waveforms Channel Characterization Permutation Spreading

MIMO

CDMA/MIMO

Wireless Communication Researchers (4)

Loyka

MIMO

Channel Capacity Optimum Power Allocation

Channel Modeling Smart Antennas

Mao

Graph Theory Joint source/channel coding Fountain and Raptor Codes