In Our Children’s Schools

What Is Bullying?
• Physical or psychological intimidation that occurs repeatedly over time • Bullying can be overt (i.e., teasing, hitting, or stealing); boys are most often overt bullies • Bullying can covert (i.e., spreading rumors or exclusion); girls are most often covert bullies

Who Are Bullies?
• Children who bully typically demonstrate a strong sense of self-esteem • They like to feel powerful and in control

Who Are Bullies?


• Bullies often come from homes that use physical punishment to discipline • Caregivers of bullies are typically uninvolved and lack warmth • Children who bully are often defiant toward authority figures and are apt to break rules

Who Are The Victims of Bullying?
• Children who are bullied are often insecure, socially isolated, anxious, and have low self-esteem • They are unlikely to defend themselves or retaliate • They tend to be weaker than their peers

Who Are The Victims of Bullying? Cont’d
• Parents of children who are bullied are often overprotective or enmeshed with their children • Children who are bullied perceive parent or teacher intervention to be ineffective and are unlikely to report the problem

Typical Adult Responses To Bullying
• Bullying is often perceived as a harmless rite of passage that all children will experience • Unless bullying is likely to lead to physical injury, many adults believe it is best left to be resolved by children and their peers

Long-Term Implications of Bullying
• Children who are bullies are likely experience legal or criminal problems as adults • Children can carry bullying behaviors into adulthood and experience difficulty in forming and maintaining relationships

Long-Term Implications of Being Bullied

• Children who are bullied often experience low self-esteem and depression even into adulthood • Children who are bullied perceive school as an unsafe place and are likely to miss more days of school than their peers, as a result their education is negatively affected

Responding To The Problem Of Bullying
• Develop a school-wide bullying policy to:
 raise awareness of teachers and administrators  create a framework for responding to bullying  improve overall school environment  ensure change is occurring in the classroom  empower students through programs such as peer counseling, mediation, or conflict resolution

Responding To The Problem Of Bullying
• Develop a school-wide bullying policy • Implement classroom curriculum:
 Develop classroom rules against bullying  Develop cooperative learning projects that encourage teamwork and reduce social isolation  Create activities or assignments that teach problem-solving or conflict-resolution skills  Participate in role-playing or other activities to help children understand the perspectives of others and identify feelings

• Develop a school-wide bullying policy • Implement classroom curriculum • Raise awareness of bullying:

Responding To The Problem Of Bullying

 Allow students to fill out surveys to better understand their perspective of bullying  Inform caregivers of bullying policies/curriculum through conferences, newsletters, or PTA meetings  Encourage parent involvement in anti-bullying initiatives

For More Information About Bullying Visit:
• National Parent information Network • Educators for Social Responsibility • Bullying in Schools and What to do About it • Anti-Bullying Network

Resources Used To Create This Presentation Include:
• ERIC (1997). What should parents and teachers know about bullying? [Brochure]. US Department of Education. • Sjostrom, L., & Stein, N. (1996). Bullyproof. Washington, DC: Wesley College Center for Research on Women. • Sharp, S., & Smith, P.K. (Eds.). (1994). Tackling bullying in your school. New York, NY: Routledge.

This PowerPoint Presentation was develop by Daniel F. Perkins, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Family and Youth Resiliency and Policy, The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Agricultural and Extension Education, 3232 Agriculture Administration Building, University ParK, 16802-2601.

The Pennsylvania State University is committed to the policy that all persons shall have equal access to programs, facilities, admission, and employment without regard to personal characteristics not related to ability, performance, or qualifications as determined by University policy or by state or federal authorities. It is the policy of the University to maintain an academic and work environment free of discrimination, including harassment. The Pennsylvania State University prohibits discrimination and harassment against any person because of age, ancestry, color, disability or handicap, national origin, race, religious creed, sex, sexual orientation, or veteran status. Discrimination or harassment against faculty, staff, or students will not be tolerated at The Pennsylvania State University. Direct all inquiries regarding the nondiscrimination policy to the Affirmative Action Director, The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Willard Building, University Park, PA 16802-2801, Tel 814-865-4700/V, 814-863-1150/TTY. © The Pennsylvania State University 2001