AR.

RICHARD ROGERS

1. LIFE AND TIME
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NAME NATIONALITY BIRTH DATE BIRTH PLACE FAMILY

Richard Rogers United kingdom 23 July 1933 Florence Anglo Italian parents Su Brumwell, wife and colleague. Second wife is Ruth Rogers, co-owner of The River Café (also designed by Richard Rogers).

1. LIFE AND TIME

EDUCATION Studied at the London architectural association where he graduated in 1959. Also studied at the Yale university masters programme.

1. LIFE AND TIME
PROFESSION Richard Rogers and colleague Norman foster worked with their respective wives Sue Rogers and Wendy Cheesman. They quickly earned a reputation for high-tech industrial design. Presently, a chief advisor on architecture and urbanism to the mayor of London. Recently, appointed chair to the greater London authority’s design for London advisory group. Also serves as advisor to the mayor of Barcelona urban strategies council. Currently, a trustee of the museum of modern art in New York.

2. PHILOSOPHY

ARCHITECTURAL THEORIES/ BELIEFS “ technology cannot be an end in itself but must aim at solving long term social and ecological problems.” “ this is impossible in a world where short term profit for the haves is seen as a goal to the expense of developing more efficient technology for the have- nots.”

2. PHILOSOPHY

MAIN PRINCIPLE “ emphasis to the social and urban dimension of architecture, as well as in sometimes brilliant synthesis with detail and structure to create architecture with a powerfully inventive character.”

3. WORKS

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU PARIS, FRANCE 1971-77

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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Type Museum & Library Architectural Style Modern Structural System Concrete frame & precast concrete ribbed roof Location Paris, France Construction Completed 1977 Architect Renzo Piano & Richard Rogers Structural engineer Ove Arup & Partners

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

INTRODUCTION Centre Georges Pompidou is a complex in the Beau Bourg area of the IVe arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles and the Marais. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg. It is named after Georges Pompidou, who was president of France from 1969 to 1974, and was opened on January 31, 1977.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

The architect’s career leapt forward when he won the design competition for the Pompidou centre on 13 July 1971 with Renzo Piano and Peter Rice. This building established Rogers's trademark of exposing most of the building's services (water, heating ducts, and stairs) on the exterior, leaving the internal spaces uncluttered. The building is now a much admired Paris landmark, but at the time critics were mixed, dubbing the "inside-out" style "Bowellism".

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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BRIEF a million square foot cultural centre. Consists of four major specialist activities:Museum of modern art. A reference library. Centre for industrial design. Centre for music and acoustic research. Areas for office administration, book shops, restaurants, cinemas, children’s activities and car parking.

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CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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SITE in the city centre On the edge of the densely populated medieval quarter The neighboring Les Halles, which had housed Paris's principle food market for generations. Site was cleared in the 1930s.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

Over half of the site was left as an open space in the form of a large, paved, sloping amphitheatre on the west side. The three roads bordering the piazza were closed to create a traffic free zone. The building itself is sited on a north- south axis, bordering the heavily used rue de renard on the east, thereby shielding the piazza from traffic noise and pollution.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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SITE Urban context of the project

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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PLANNING SUBSTRUCTURE at street and the level of square there are large public areas: the forum, theatre, shops, reception, café, children’s area, current event areas, exhibition areas. Below this are technical and storage area, i.e. audio visual, computer, photographic, security control, mechanical support services etc. Beneath the square are the bus, truck, car arrivals and parking areas.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

Ground level and piazza planted and mounded thus shielding it from the surrounding activities to provide a place of quiet relaxation.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
Superstructure It is divided into 4 zones:1. The five large open plan floors • contains major activities, outdoor terraces and administrative departments. • on the top floor there are more general public activities which close late at night, benefiting from the view and giving a constant life to the building i.e. restaurants, cinema, temporary exhibition.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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The west 7m wide structural zone facing the square It contains vertical and horizontal movement, exploiting a wonderful view of Paris. Escalators, lifts, escape stairs, glazed and open galleries or corridors, audio visual screens, announcements, exhibitions etc. are clipped on, animating and continuing the activities of the square below.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

PUBLIC MOVEMENT EXPRESSED ON THE OUTSIDE FOR ALL TO SEE

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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the east side 7m wide structural zone facing rue de renard Contains all the mechanical services, goods lifts and stairs, with continuous steel galleries for ease of maintenance and contain paint rooms, booting towers.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
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IRCAM International research centre for acoustics and music. multi disciplinary centre for research into music and sound.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

Each of major floors are 170m x 48m by 7m high, with no fixed vertical interruptions of either structure, services or movement to limit the users freedom. All vertical connections are run along the east and west sides of the building. All partitions in the superstructure are movable and of dry construction. The corridors, ducts, fire stairs, escalators, lifts, columns and bracings, which would normally interrupt the floors, are exposed on the outside.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

FIRE PROTECTION of the main columns of the superstructure is achieved by water filling, each column being provided with an integral circulatory pump. The main span lattice beams are fire protected by a minimal wrap and a top cladding of stainless steel. The external structure is largely unprotected, fire integrity being gained by the fire stop properties of the façade itself and by the distance of elements from potential fire sources.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

All roof air conditioning plants are high velocity dual duct variable air volume systems providing over 80,000m3 per hour of conditioned air.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU
Structural concept

The concept of the building is that of two principle main structural planes 50m apart, which support a series of free span decks between them. The superstructure is supported on a four storey reinforced concrete substructure which incorporates all foundations for the steel frame above.

CENTRAL GEORGES POMPIDOU

Following the competition in 1971, the building was designed and build in six years, the main steel structure being erected in six months. The building was submitted on time and was under budget in January 1977 at a cost of $100,000,000 with an average attendance of approximately seven million people per year.

3. WORKS

LLOYD’S BUILDING LONDON 1978- 86

LLOYD’S BUILDING, LONDON

Location Date

London, England 1979 to 1984

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Building Type commercial, corporate headquarters Construction System steel frame with glass curtain wall Climate Context Style Notes temperate urban High-Tech Modern Expressed structure and exposed services as ornamental order

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LLOYD’S BUILDING, LONDON
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BRIEF Home of the insurance institution Lloyd's of London and is located in lime street, in the city of London. Like the Pompidou centre, the building was innovative in having its services such as staircases, lifts, electrical power conduits and water pipes on the outside. The 12 glass lifts were the first of their kind in the UK.

LLOYD’S BUILDING, LONDON

Lloyd’s Building (with the blue cranes), London, with Swiss re towers behind.

Lloyd's Building, City of London

LLOYD’S BUILDING, LONDON
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CONSTRUCTION The Lloyd's building height is approximately 76m (250 feet) and features 14 floors. Each floor can rapidly and easily be altered with the addition or removal of partitions and walls.

LLOYD’S BUILDING, LONDON

The building consists of 3 main towers and 3 service towers around a central, rectangular space. Its focal point is the gigantic Underwriting Room on the ground floor, which houses the famous Lutine bell. The Underwriting Room (often simply known as 'the Room') is overlooked by galleries, forming a 60-metre (200-foot)-high atrium lit naturally through a huge barrel vaulted glass roof. The first four galleries open onto the atrium space, and are connected by escalators through the middle of the structure. (The higher floors are glassed-in, and can only be reached via the outside lifts.)

3. WORKS

MILLENIUM DOME, GREENWICH, LONDON, 1999.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH
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Building Type Arena Architectural Style Dome Structural System Steel & tensioned fabric Location London, England ConstructionCompleted2000 Design Team Architect Richard Rogers Structural engineer Buro Happold

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH
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BRIEF Later known as THE O2 Large dome shaped building on the Greenwich peninsula. Come constructed to hold a major exhibition celebrating the beginning of third millennium. This exhibition opened to public on January 1, 2000 and ran until December 31, 2000.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

Since the closure of the original exhibition, several possible ways of reusing the building have been proposed and then rejected. 2005, May dome transits into an indoor sporting arena. ( in this role the plan is to host the 2009 WORLD GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIP and the ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS and trampoline events of 2012 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES.)

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH
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STRUCTURE AND CONSTRUCTION Largest single roofed structure in the world. The structural concept of the roof is of tensioned radial stringer cables which support the fabric and run between the inner ring and the concave curve of the fabric edge.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

Externally it appears as a large white marquee with twelve 100 m-high yellow support towers, one for each month of the year, or each hour of the clock face, representing the role played by Greenwich Mean Time. In plan view it is circular, 365 m in diameter — one meter for each day of the year — with scalloped edges.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

It has become one of the United Kingdom's most recognizable landmarks.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

The entire roof structure weighs less than the air contained within the building. Although called a dome it is not strictly one as it is not selfsupporting, but is a mast-supported, dome-shaped cable network.

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

The canopy is made of PTFE coated Glass fiber fabric, a durable and weather-resistant plastic, and is 50 m high in the middle. Its symmetry is interrupted by a hole through which a ventilation shaft from the Blackwall Tunnel rises.

MADRID BAJARAS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

MADRID BAJARAS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
T4 - Upper level to check-in, lower levels to Arrivals and metro station)

New Terminal 4 Interior

OTHER SIGNIFICANT WORKS
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National assembly of Wales, Cardiff, 2006. Rogers house, Wimbledon, London, 1968-69. Furniture for the Centre Pompidou, Paris, France, 197476

Richard Rogers is one of the foremost living architects, the recipient of the prestigious RIBA gold medal in 1985 and the winner of the 1999 Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Medal. The 2000 premium imperiale prize for architecture and finally the 2006 Golden Lion for lifetime achievement.

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