EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Project Report

Terry Saxton Xtensible Solutions May 13, 2009

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models

CIM for Dynamic Models
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EPRI project – started March 2008 Project Objectives

Develop a standard way to exchange dynamic models for each generator, load or other resource in a power system network Extend the CIM and develop a set of interface profiles to support the exchange of dynamic cases (dynamic models and associated static network models) Builds from the EPRI CIM for Planning project extensions to the CIM UML How to model the interconnectivity between dynamic models and their association to the static network model

Technical Approach



EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models

Business Needs Addressed

Enable conduct of dynamic assessment studies involving simulation for
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Contingency analysis to ensure reliability of transmission grid Post mortem evaluation of conditions leading up to a catastrophic event Planning to determine where network upgrades are needed New plant commissioning which may require new dynamic models from supplier

Users include transmission planners and regional reliability organizations

During planning stage During operational life of each resource Transmission, generation, or other resource owners Manufacturers of equipment

Sources include
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EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Status of Key Deliverables      UCTE IOP Test Dynamic Case Definition Standard Model exchange User-Defined Model exchange CIM modeling 4 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Dynamic Case Definition – Profile Contents  The Dynamic Case Profile will contain the following data sets: – UCTE profile   Plus ??? Minus ??? – – Extensions for the Standard Models Extensions for the User-Defined Models   The actual Case Files used in an exchange will contain this data in Profile Data Groups UCTE IOP tested the static load flow models plus network solutions .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Dynamic Case Contents – UCTE Base State Variables SvVoltage SvPowerFlow SvShuntCompensatorSections SvTapStep TSO Topology TopologicalNode TopologicalIsland Terminal (about) TSO Equipment Model GeographicalRegion SubGeographicalRegion Substation VoltageLevel EnergyConsumer PhaseTapChanger PowerTransformer RatioTapChanger ReactiveCapabilityCurve ControlArea ControlAreaGeneratingUnit TieFlow RegulatingControl ShuntCompensator Switch SynchronousMachine LoadResponseCharacteristic MutualCoupling CurveData Terminal ACLineSegment SeriesCompensator TransformerWinding FossilFuel GeneratingUnit NuclearGeneratingUnit HydroGeneratingUnit ThermalGeneratingUnit WindGeneratingUnit HydroPump CurrentLimit VoltageLimit OperationalLimitSet UCTE Common Objects BaseVoltage OperationalLimitType .

.contains all topology objects (result of Topology Processing) and describes how it is electrically connected State Variables PDG File .e.contains objects that are intended to be shared by all Equipment PDG File . the solved voltage.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Dynamic Case Definition – Case Composition  The Dynamic Case will contain Profile Data Groups as CIM XML files – – Common Objects PDG File .) Dynamic Model PDG File – contains all objects required to specify both standard and user-defined dynamic models  System parameters that are modeled as properties of PSR objects are in Equipment PDG file .describes the equipment without connectivity  Includes dynamic model system parameters – – – Topology PDG File . etc.contains all objects required to complete the specification of a steady-state solution (i. tap positions.

Consultant. utilities.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Standard Model Team    Lead: Bill Price. GE PSLF expert Members: 17 vendors. and NERC Charter: Develop the data requirements and mapping to the CIM for the exchange of standard models 8 .

) interconnected in a standard way          Generators (including wind turbines) Motors Excitation systems. WECC. etc. limiters.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Types of Dynamic Model Exchanges  Standard models – Includes multiple standard models (IEEE. and compensators Turbine/governor models Stabilizers Loads Transmission devices Relay and protection devices HVDC and FACTS Define standard model reference manual and list of standard models Extend CIM UML to model standard dynamic models and their interconnection Minimize amount of information included in dynamic case file – Goal    9 .

EUROSTAG identified Detailed descriptions of standard models      Standard Model Reference Manual – Standard interconnections Block diagrams/equations. PSS/E. UCTE Corresponding models in PSLF.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Standard Model Team . PowerFactory.Status  List of standard models – initial list complete – – Models used by WECC. typical data Sample step responses being added CIM class/attribute mapping in process Present models sufficient for initial IOP – More models to be added  10 . MMWG. parameters.

internal parameters. induction generator model Converter model GENROU GENCLS ElmSym M6 .CIMTR3 ElmAsm wt1g wt2g wt3g wt4g WT1G WT2G WT3G1 WT4G M1 M5 M11 M14 M15 M50 M10. M13 GE PSLF genrou PTI PSS/E* GENROU GENTRA GENSAL DigSILENT ElmSym ElmSym ElmSym M2 Eurostag M2 IEEE Standard MMW WEC UCTE Comments G C Round rotor generator model.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models List of Standard Models GENERATOR MODELS CIM Model Name genSync genSync genSync genSync genSync genSync genEquiv genLoad genAsync gensal gentpf gentpj gencc gencls "Netting" genind. macroblock defined torque Double Fed induction generator. use for thermal generator X X X models Transient generator model X Salient pole generator model. simplified model Asynchronous (induction) machine.used only for small X X generators or gross equivalents Generator represented as a negative load X X X X X X X X X Induction generator model Type 1 standard wind turbine generator model Type 2 standard wind turbine generator model Type 3 standard wind turbine generator model Type 4 standard wind turbine generator model Synchronous machine. use for hydro generator X X X models WECC Type F model X X WECC Type J model X X Cross-compound generator model X X "Classical" generator model . internal parameters. simplified model. motor1 CIMTR1. simplified model Asynchronous (induction) machine. full model Synchronous machine.

thermal. p. Iq* Network Equations TurbineGovernor Pmech * Network interface variables may differ among application programs Synchronous Generator Interconnection Variables The interconnection with the electrical network equations may differ among application programs. combustion turbine).u. Synchronous Generator Interconnection Variables Model Type Inputs: Name Efd Pmech Synchronous Generator Units p.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Standard Model Reference Manual Synchronous Generator Models For conventional power generating units (e. The program only needs to know the terminal bus and generator ID to establish the correct interconnection. Description Field voltage on base of Ifag * Rfd (field resistance) Mechanical shaft power to the generator Source Exciter Turbine . The standard interconnection variables between a synchronous generator model and other models are shown in the following figure and table: Efd Excitation System Ifd speed Synchronous Generator E”d . E”q * angle Id. a synchronous machine model represents the electrical characteristics of the generator and the mechanical characteristics of the turbine-generator rotational inertia.u.. hydro.g.

e.g.Status  Dynamic Case data requirements – Data.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Standard Model Team . other than model data. need to be defined.       Case name / description Corresponding static data set(s) System base frequency Reference generator for rotor angles Numerical time step Low voltage threshold for load change to constant Z  Test Cases – – – UCTE 10 Node model Siemens PTI sample model More to come 13 .

and UCTE Charter: Develop list and definition of control blocks for user-defined models. and map dynamic case data to the CIM UML 14 . NERC. Siemens PTI.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models User-Defined Model Team    Lead: Chuck Dubose. utilities. PSSE expert Members: 11 vendors.

sin. 15 . log. step function. etc.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Types of Dynamic Model Exchanges  User-Defined models – Includes    User-defined models (such as an exciter) comprising interconnected elementary control blocks User-defined connectivity between control blocks Various hybrid arrangements Provide flexibility to completely specify a new model in a standard way Use well-known elementary control blocks – – Goal   Ex: time delay.

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models User-Defined Model Team . PowerFactory. EUROSTAG models Sufficient for application cases defined for IOP Detailed descriptions of how to model user defined models using standard control blocks      User Defined Model Reference Manual – Standard interconnection of control blocks Block diagrams with equations. parameters This information will also be stored in sending/receiving applications Will begin soon 16 .Status  List of elementary control blocks – List for IOP is complete – – Standard blocks defined to represent PTI PSSx BOSL.

Add flags to indicate whther max and min limits will be used.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models List of Elementary Control Blocks Basic Control Blocks CIM Name PTI PSS® x BOSL DIgSILENT EUROSTAG Usage Description This Block outputs the product of the input times a constant stored in the block. Limits will be parameters of the blocks. integrator with non-windup limits. x1 is the value of the minimum limit. X is the input of the block and Y is the output of the block. Non windup limits K PROP K gain y = K *x Integrater1 INT 1/sT lim limited integrator dy / dt = x / T Timelag1 Timelag2 DE1 DE2 1/(1+sT) simple lag limited simple lag LeadLag PD (1+sTa)/(1+s y = x * Gain * [ (1+s*T) / lead lag filter Tb) (1+s*T1) ] first order lead-lag with limits and gain 17 . x2 is the value of the maximum limit. x2 should be always larger than x1. The Constant gain factor K is a parameter stored in the block and may be any floating point value. first order time lag second order time lag.

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models CIM Modeling Team    Lead: Kendall Demaree. CIM Model Manager for CIM User Group and IEC TC57 Members: 7 vendors and consultants Charter: Develop modeling approach to represent dynamic models and required signal connectivity in UML. building from existing CIM model 18 . Areva.

Status  Standard and user-defined model interconnectivity model in UML completed as extension to CIM UML – To be tested with 4 application cases  System parameters for standard models now being added to the CIM UML – Most dynamic data is not currently represented in CIM.EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models CIM Modeling Team . but goal is to reuse those properties that already exist  Profiles for data exchange progressing well – – Static model with solved case defined and tested during UCTE IOP in March 2009 Next is to add PDG for dynamic models 19 .

Standard Model Example Example: Synchronous Generating Unit 20 .EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models AC1 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models AC2: User Defined Model Substitute for Standard Model Synchronous Generating Unit 21 .

User Defined EPRI CIM for Interconnection Dynamic Models Hydro Power Plant Connection Diagram: pt3 pt2 pt1 DIgSILENT 0 0 qt1 qdv1 Machine 1 ElmSym* speed1 1 2 Block1 ElmPcu* 1 0 0 0 0 1 Machine 2 ElmSym* speed2 1 2 Block2 ElmPcu* 1 qdv2 1 2 qt2 qdv3 3 2 Hydraulik ElmPmu* 4 3 0 0 5 Machine 3 ElmSym* speed3 1 2 Block3 ElmPcu* 1 qt3 4 6 qdv4 7 5 0 0 Machine 4 ElmSym* speed4 1 2 Block4 ElmPcu* 1 qt4 huw hedr pt4 .AC3 – Standard Models.

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models App Case 4 .Complete User Defined Model 23 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Key Artifacts to be Produced        List and reference manual for standard dynamic models and control blocks for user-defined models Extensions to CIM UML information model to support dynamic case exchanges UML modeling approach to handle dynamic models with linkage to static load flow models Template for equipment suppliers to provide dynamic models New exchange profiles for the various exchanges Interoperability test results Presentation and handover to IEC TC57 24 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Milestone Schedule Description Solved Case Exchange (UCTE) IOP Training Lab Exchange profile and test procedures for IOP UCTE IOP Dynamic Modeling CIM UML with dynamics model extensions for review List of standard models for IOP List of standard control blocks Sample model files for IOP software developers Complete Complete Complete for IOP 4/15/2009 Completed Completed Completed Date Standard Model Reference Manual Dynamic model exchange profile User Defined Model Control Block Reference Manual Dynamic case for model exchange Dynamics IOP Complete for IOP 5/15/2009 6/1/2009 6/1/2009 7/14/2009 25 .

.* 0.* 1 0.* 1 Link s t o st andard met a dy namic model names could be composed int o Block UsageParamet er or Block Usage object at UNCFACT message assembly lev el..* 1 I dent if iedObject 0....* I dent if iedObject Core::T erminal Plus ot her concret e equipment t y pes .* 0.* I dent if iedObject M et aBlockSignal 1 met aBlock Input Ref erence 0.1 0..* Block Connect able M et aBlockI nput 1 1 +Block 1 +Block Out put I dent if iedObject 0.* 0....* M et aBlockOut put 0.1 1 I dent if iedObject M et aBlockInput Ref erence I dent if iedObject M et aBlockOut put Ref erence ..* M et aBlockParamet erRef erence 0..1 1 met aBlock Out put Ref erence 0.* 0.. +Block Paramet erRef erence +Met aBlock Paramet er I dent if iedObject 0..* 0.* 1 0...* + I dent if iedObject BlockParamet er v alue: Float 0.* inst ance dy namics model 1 1 met a dy namics model I dent if iedObject M et aBlockConnect ivity Block Connect able M et aBlockParamet er +Block Paramet er +Met aBlock 1 I dent if iedObject M et aBlock + + + block Kind: Block Kind int ernal: Boolean primit iv e: Boolean 1 1 0..* M et aBlockRef erence 0.1 Core:: Conduct ingEquipment Rot at ingMachine Wires:: Regulat ingCondEq Wires:: SynchronousM achine EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Core::Equipment +Conduct ingEquipment 1 Wires::EnergyConsumer +Terminals 0...1 0. I dent if iedObject BlockConnect ivit y 0...* 0.....class New DynamicsUserdef inedM odel st at ic pow er sy st em model I dent if iedObject Core:: Pow erSyst emResource 0...* Block inServ ice: int 1 0..* 0.

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models class New DynamicsSt andardM odels I dent if iedObject Core::BaseVolt age age +Conduct+BaseVolt ingEquipment I dent if iedObject Core:: Pow erSyst emResource 0.* I dent if iedObject Core::T erminal Wires::EnergyConsumer Wires:: SynchronousM achine AsynchronousM achine Plus ot her concret e equipment t y pes ...* st at ic pow er sy st em model Rot at ingM achine Core::Equipment Core:: Conduct ingEquipment Wires:: Regulat ingCondEq +Conduct ingEquipment 1 +Terminals 0... HVDC t o be deriv ed f rom exist ing CIM classes .1 0.. Load. Mot or. st andard dy namics model Volt ageCompensat or:: Volt ageCompensat or Loads:: Aggregat eLoad Generat ors::GenSync Generat ors::GenAsync Excit at ionSyst ems:: Excit at ionSyst em T urbineGovernors:: T urbineGovernor M ot ors::M ot orSync Loads:: M echanicalLoad M otors::M ot orAsync Generat or.

Standard Model Example Example: Synchronous Generating Unit 28 .EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models AC1 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Standard Model UML Structure 29 .

Detail not shown Block name=pssIEEE2B blockKind = PSS Block name=govHydro blockKind = Governer-Turbine Block name=excAC2A blockKind = Excitation System BlockParameter name = Tr BlockInput name = Vcomp Block name=genSync blockKind = Generator BlockParameter name = Xd BlockInput name = Efd BlockParameter name = Ka BlockInput Name = Vpss/Vref/Vst BlockParameter name = Xq BlockInput Name = Pm BlockParameter name = ...01 Detail not shown BlockParameterUsage value = 250 BlockParameterUsage value = 0..... SynchronousMachine EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models BlockUsage excAC2A instance BlockUsage pssIEEE2B instance BlockUsage vcIEEE instance BlockUsage govHydro instance BlockUsage genSync instance BlockParameterUsage value = 0.96 Meta-dynamics model Block name = vcIEEE blockKind = Voltage Compensation Reusable definitions .g. BlockOutput name = Efd BlockParameter name = .BlockConnectionUsage connectionType=SynGen PowerSystemResource e. BlockOutput name = speed 30 .

EPRI CIM for Dynamic Models Next Steps    IOP test for more complex user defined models Repository for dynamic model management Promote use of new dynamic model standards by manufacturers and software vendors .