II of the Philippine Constitution which provides that: “The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.”  Section 15 of the same Article provides that: “The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. Art.Sec. 16.”  .

citizen suits  consent decree  environmental protection order  writ of kalikasan  writ of continuing mandamus  strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPP)  the precautionary principle.  .

. The plaintiff may publish the order once in a newspaper of a general circulation in the Philippines or furnish all affected barangays copies of said order. Upon the filing of a citizen suit. the court shall issue an order which shall contain a brief description of the cause of action and the reliefs prayed for. requiring all interested parties to manifest their interest to intervene in the case within fifteen (15) days from notice thereof. may file an action to enforce rights or obligations under environmental laws. including minors or generations yet unborn. Any Filipino citizen in representation of others.

. A judicially-approved settlement between concerned parties based on public interest and public policy to protect and preserve the environment.

preserve or rehabilitate the environment. An order issued by the court directing or enjoining any person or government agency to perform or desist from performing an act in order to protect. .

entity authorized by law. health or property of inhabitants in two or more cities or provinces. people’s organization. involving environmental damage of such magnitude as to prejudice the life. or private individual or entity. . non-governmental organization. or any public interest group accredited by or registered with any government agency. or threatened with violation by an unlawful act or omission of a public official or employee. on behalf of persons whose constitutional right to a balanced and healthful ecology is violated. The writ is a remedy available to a natural or juridical person.

. under the law. alleging the facts with certainty. rule or regulation. or unlawfully excludes another from the use or enjoyment of such right and there is no other plain. When any agency or instrumentality of the government or officer thereof unlawfully neglects the performance of an act which the law specifically enjoins as a duty resulting from an office. attaching thereto supporting evidence. The petition shall also contain a sworn certification of non-forum shopping. rules or regulations. and to pay damages sustained by the petitioner by reason of the malicious neglect to perform the duties of the respondent. speedy and adequate remedy in the ordinary course of law. the person aggrieved thereby may file a verified petition in the proper court. and praying that judgment be rendered commanding the respondent to do an act or series of acts until the judgment is fully satisfied. trust or station in connection with the enforcement or violation of an environmental law rule or regulation or a right therein. specifying that the petition concerns an environmental law.

exert undue pressure or stifle any legal recourse that such person. vex. an action whether civil. brought against any person. with the intent to harass. protection of the environment or assertion of environmental rights. institution or any government agency or local government unit or its officials and employees. . institution or government agency has taken or may take in the enforcement of environmental laws. criminal or administrative.

 When human activities may lead to threats of serious and irreversible damage to the environment that is scientifically plausible but uncertain. actions shall be taken to avoid or diminish that threat. .

residents of Magallanes Village in Makati and Barangay 183 near the Villamor Air Base in Pasay City asked the Court of Appeals to issue a temporary environmental protection order (TEPO) that will stop the Manila Electric Company (Meralco) from conducting excavations. They also asked the court to prevent the eventual powering up of the wires in December 2010.Residents of Makati and Pasay cities filed the first-ever petition for the issuance of writ of kalikasan (nature) for the installation of high-tension wires in their barangays (villages). . In their petition. saying this would pose dangers to the environment and the residents' health. erecting electric posts and mounting transmission lines in their area.

" said Meralco legal counsel Raul Coralde in a statement. Meralco said the Pasay City Regional Trial Court has issued a ruling that allows it to install and run the wires that would supply electricity to the Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3. 856 or the Sanitation Code of the Philippines. Apart from our desire to be able to contribute to national development with this project. "We were ordered by the Court to complete the project that will serve the power requirement of NAIA Terminal 3. . which was promulgated by the Supreme Court only in April 2010. Meralco is duty-bound to comply with the said Order. we assure the public that we will see this project through completion at the soonest possible time.The TEPO is among the remedies provided by the landmark writ of kalikasan. In light of this. which prohibits the installation of high-tension transmission lines "overhead or underground" in residential areas. Meralco said it will abide by the court's order despite the petition filed on Thursday. In response. The special order is expected to speed up legal action on environmental cases filed in courts throughout the country. The residents said the setting up of transmission wires in their villages violated Presidential Decree No.

Bangkal since July.West Tower Condominium filed on Monday a petition for a Writ of Kalikasan on behalf of its unit owners and in representation of residents of Barangay Bangkal. . The leak was traced to FPIC's pipeline around 100 meters southeast of West Tower. This petition is in connection with the petroleum leak seeping through West Tower's concrete basement and the rest of Bgy. Makati City versus First Philippine Industrial Corporation (FPIC) and First Gen Corporation and their respective Board of Directors and officers. Seven kilometers of FPIC's 117-kilometer pipeline is located in Makati.

and is continually doing. grave damage to public health and the environment".West Tower's petition claims "the health and environmental damage wrought by the petroleum leak in the pipeline of FPIC had done. . The petition enjoined the High Court "to protect and advance their constitutional right to a balanced and healthful ecology and to ensure the effective enforcement of remedies and redress against respondents for violation of environmental laws"." the petition stated. "Unfortunately. petitioner has received nothing but half-hearted apologies and empty promises of recompense from FPIC.

. to regularly check and issue reports on the structural integrity of the 117-kilometer pipeline from Batangas to the Pandacan oil depot in Manila. Petitioners also asked that the pipeline. built in 1967. residents of West Tower Condominium Corp. had asked FPIC and First Gen Corp. remain shut while an independent expert is commissioned to check its integrity.The Supreme Court (SC) on Friday granted a petition for a writ of kalikasan stopping the Lopez-owned First Philippine Industrial Corporation (FPIC) from operating an 117-kilometer oil pipeline until the order is lifted. In a 35-page petition.

Seven kilometers of FPIC's 117-kilometer pipeline is located in Makati. The leak was traced to FPIC's pipeline around 100 meters southeast of West Tower.The petition is in connection with the petroleum leak seeping through West Tower's concrete basement and the rest of Barangay Bangkal since July. .