THE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT, 1986

By: Amit Kumar Giri PGDM Sec. A Roll No. 13

OBJECTS OF THE ACT
 Providing

better protection of interest of consumers  Providing for the establishment of consumer council and other authorities  Settling consumer disputes and matters connected therewith

RIGHTS OF CONSUMERS
 Right

to Safety  Right to be Informed  Right to Choose  Right to be Heard  Right to Seek Redressal  Right to Consumer Education

1. RIGHT TO SAFETY
Right to be protected against the marketing of goods and services which are hazardous

2. RIGHT TO BE INFORMED
Right to be informed about the quality, quantity, potency, standard of goods and services

3. RIGHT TO CHOOSE
Right to be assured access to a variety of goods and services at competitive prices

4. RIGHT TO BE HEARD
Right to be represented in various forums formed to consider the welfare of consumers

5. RIGHT TO SEEK REDRESSAL
Right to seek redressal against unfair practices or unscrupulous exploitation of consumers

6. RIGHT TO CONSUMER EDUCATION
Right to acquire knowledge to be an informed consumer

BASIC DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS
 Consumer  Complainant  Complaint  Unfair

(who can file a complaint)

Trade Practice

1. CONSUMER
A

person who buys any goods for a consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised  A person who hires or avails of any services for consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised

2. COMPLAINANT
A complainant may be:  A consumer  Any voluntary consumer association registered under the Companies Act, 1956  The Central Government or any State Government  In case of death of a consumer, his legal heir or representative

3. COMPLAINT
Complaint means any allegation in writing made by a complainant that: Any unfair trade practice has been adopted by any trader Goods bought by consumer suffer from any defect Services hired by the consumer may suffer from any deficiency The trader is charging excess price for goods Goods or services which are hazardous

 

 

4. UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICE
A trade practice which, for the purpose of promoting the sale, adopts any unfair method like:  Misleading advertisement  Offering gifts and prizes etc.  Not conforming to prescribed standards  Hoarding or destruction of goods

CONSUMER REDRESSAL AGENCIES
 District

Forum  State Commission  National Commission

1. DISTRICT FORUM
Set up by State Government in each district of the state and shall consist of: A person who is a qualified to be a District judge shall be its President A person of respect in the field of education, trade or commerce A lady social worker An appeal against its order can be filed before the State Commission within a period of 30 days from the order

2. STATE COMMISSION
 

Established in each State by the respective State Government and shall consist of: A person who is a judge of High Court shall be its President Two other members who shall be persons of integrity, ability and have experience of dealing with problems relating to economics, law, commerce, accountancy or administration. One of them shall be woman An appeal against its order can be filed before the National Commission within 30 days from the date of order

3. NATIONAL COMMISSION
 

The Central Government shall establish a National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission which shall consist of: A person who is a judge of the Supreme Court shall be a President Two other members who shall be persons of ability, integrity and have experience of dealing with problems of economics, law, commerce, accountancy or administration. One of them shall be a woman An appeal against its order can be filed in the Supreme Court within the 30 days from the date of order

HOW TO FILE A COMPLAINT?
A complaint can be sent to the appropriate Commission/Forum and should be addressed to the President. It should contain the following information: The name, description and address of the complainant The name, description and address of the opposite party or parties The facts relating to complaints Documents in support of the allegations The relief which the complainant is seeking

    

REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO CONSUMERS
If it is proved that the goods are defective and the allegations are correct then opposite party has to do the following things: To remove the defect from the goods in question To replace the goods with new goods free from defects To return the price of the good To pay an amount as a compensation To remove the deficiencies in the services in question To discontinue the unfair trade practice

     

 Not

to offer the hazardous goods for sale  To withdraw the hazardous goods from being offered for sale  To cease manufacture of hazardous goods  To issue corrective advertisement to neutralize the effect of misleading advertisement  To provide for adequate costs to the parties

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