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PLANT STRUCTURE

The "Typical" Plant Body
The Root System
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Underground (usually) Anchor the plant in the soil Absorb water and nutrients Conduct water and nutrients Food Storage

The Shoot System
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Above ground (usually) Elevates the plant above the soil Many functions including:

photosynthesis reproduction & dispersal

food and water conduction

The Body of seed plant .

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ferns) 3. Most plants are seed-bearing.angiosperms (all produce flowers: dicots and monocots)  B.Plant Structure A. Classification of Plants 1.gymnosperms (no flowers. Structure of Flowering Plants (= angiosperms) .. Some plants are seedless. vascular plants (e. e. Some plants are non-vascular (=bryophytes) 2. vascular plants .g.. conifers) .g.

are divided into two groups: monocots and dicots . flowering plants.Angiosperms.

Palm. Orchid Herbaceous + Woody Tap root Primary and Secondary Oaks. Roses. Sunflowers .Monocots vs. Dicots Monocots Floral Arrangement : Leaf Venation : Vascular bundles 3's Parallel Scattered Dicots 4's and 5's Net Ring Habit Roots Growth Examples: Herbaceous Fibrous Primary only Grass.

. example the tulip and lily (Lilium ). Examples of some common dicot flowers include the geranium.Monocots have their flower parts in threes or multiples of three. Dicots have their flower parts in fours (or multiples) or fives (or multiples). and citrus.

the scattered vascular bundles of the corn stem the ringed array of vascular bundles in this dicot stem (Medicago). .

Anatomy Of Monocot Stems A cross section of the stem of corn (Zea mays) showing parenchyma tissue and scattered vascular bundles. The large cells in the vascular bundles are vessels .

Plant stem .

Spermatophytes   Includes flowering or seed-bearing plants. The two subdivisions are….   Gymnosperms Angiosperms .

Plant Characteristics .

Identifying Plants  Physical characteristics are used to identify plants which include….      Life Cycle Form Foliage Retention Plant Parts Use & Location .

Plants that live more than two years.Life Cycle  Annuals  Plants that complete their life cycle in year. Plants that complete their life cycle two years. one  Biennials  in  Perennials  .

Growth Habits    Trees Shrubs Vines .

Growth Forms    Columnar Spreading Weeping    Round Oval Pyramidal .

Growth Forms Spreading Columnar Weeping .

Growth Forms Round Oval Pyramidal .

 Evergreen  .Foliage Retention  Deciduous  Loses leaves during the dormant season. Keeps leaves and remains green year-round.