Social Welfare Programs For Community


• Nurturing the children, who are the tender seedlings of the social field is necessary. • Poor widows, destitute women, pregnant and lactating women need greater attention and support. • Keeping these needs in mind, special attention has been given by the State through a number of programmes under Social Welfare sector.

Social welfare
• Definition Social welfare is any program which seeks to provide a minimum level of income, service or other support for any marginalized group. (poor, elderly, disabled)


Social Institutions Social institutions are networks of relationships that carry out the essential social functions. 4 . They are formalized way of providing resources for helping to meet human needs.

(b) To extend facilities for community development. 5 . (e) To provide services for the elderly (f) To ensure the adequate provision of probation and correctional services. research and evaluation. (c) To improve the quality and scope of services. (d) To ensure that adequate facilities are available for the disabled. planning. and (g) To support training.The priorities of social welfare service (a)To establish a social security system.

The Priority groups are (a) Children in need (b) Women (c) Old people (d) Disabled (e) People with ill-health (f) Under privileged sections of society 6 .

nutritional anemia. RHD • 16 million are child labour & most are exploited 7 .malnutrition.Children In-Need • • • • More vulnerable group in the society Constitute about 40% of Indian Population IMR is 120/1000 children born One child dies before 5 years for every 7 children born • Causes.

• Constitutional provisions – Law prescribing minimum age for boys and girls – Hindu adoption & maintenance Act(1956) – Juvenile justice Act 1986 – Appointment of guardian for a minor child’s property – Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act. 1994 8 .

p.a.15200/each for 2 girl children will be made. aged below 35 years and their family income is below Rs.22200/. the girl child will receive the lump sum amount on condition that she has appeared for the 10th monthly incentive will be given to the child from the 5th year for educational purpose • On completion of 20 years.Welfare services for children – Girl Child Protection Scheme(GCPS 1-4-05) • The families who have one girl child and no male children and parents has undergone sterilization. • Initial deposit of Rs. • An amount of Rs.150/.. 9 .50000/.for one girl child or Rs.

– Crèches for working and ailing mothers. – Reception centres for adopting new born female babies/Cradle Baby scheme. 10 .Welfare services for children cont….

Women’s Welfare • Women are the most vulnerable group • Empowerment of women is the hall mark of the approach of the Government in its development initiatives (social. political and economic) 11 .

1/3rd of budget of all departments developmental programmes for women. 12 . 1/3rd Jobs for women in Govt. for The year 2001 was celebrated as ‘Year of Women Empowerment and the year 2003 as the Year of Adolescent Girls’.The government is playing a conscious role in empowering of women by The reservation of 33. and public sector with carry forward policy.

First women 13 .

14 . service homes. setting up of family counselling centres.Welfare scheme for women • • • • Marriage assistance schemes. guidance bureau for women.

15 . the quantum of assistance is fixed as Rs.for BC/ MBC with FC.10. orphan girls. • For inter-caste marriage. widow's remarriage and intercaste marriage. • Minimum age limit of marriage is 20 years • The quantum of assistance of all marriage schemes except inter-caste marriage is fixed as Rs.10.20.000/per beneficiary.000/.Marriage assistance schemes • Financial assistance is given to daughters of poor widows.000/.for SC/ ST with FC/ BC/ MBC and Rs.

deserted wives and destitute in – obtaining bank loan.Guidance Bureau For Women • Helps needy women especially widows. creches etc. provident fund and pension benefits and – helps to get admissions for needy children in orphanages. 16 . – helps women to liaison with other Government departments – in settling LIC dues.

a.Service homes • Women in the age group of 18 to 40 and with income not exceeding Rs. vocational training in secretarial course and tailoring. education. shelter. • a lump sum grant for the purchase of raw material 17 .12000 p. stipend. clothing allowance. • they are provided food. are admitted in the service homes with their children.

Tamil Nadu Women's Development Project – launched in 1996-97 – free gas connections to newly married couples’ • Women's Self Help Groups (SHGs) – Regular group savings from the individual resources of the participating women – Vocational training – Rural SHG members to meet. interact. have other recreational activities 18 . play games. read newspapers and magazines.

19 .Old people • There are 81million older people in India. but only 1 in 6 cases actually comes to light. • According to an estimate nearly 40% of senior citizens living with their families are reportedly facing abuse of one kind or another.

Legislation • The President has given her assent to the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act – punishes children who abandon parents with a prison term of three months or a fine. situation is grim for elderly people in India. 20 .

– Destitute persons who don’t have any kind of source of income can also avail this pension facility. 400 per month to per person. – The pension amount is Rs.• National Old Age Pension Scheme – All persons of 65 years and above (belonging to below the poverty line) are eligible. • Day care centres • Free medical care • Elder’s day on 18th November 21 .

old-age home. day centre • Age-Care India – Mobile free geriatric health checkup to rural elderly 22 .Voluntary Organizations Involvement • Old-age homes • Help-Age India – Create awareness on need of aged in society. – Medicare units.

which alters his/her normal life in the society • Disability can result from accidents. disease or birth • 10% of world population are disabled 23 .Welfare of the disabled • A disabled is a person who has a disadvantage from an impairment or disability.

• Government to refer them as Differently Abled Persons as they possess exceptional and extraordinary talents.In Tamilnadu • Department for the Welfare of the Differently Abled Persons has been created under the direct supervision of Hon’ble Chief Minister. 24 .

Welfare Activities • • • • • • National Institute of disabled Rehabilitation council Spastic society of India District rehabilitative centres Artificial limb manufacturing corporation Training facilities for Employment 25 .

houses • Scholarship for students • 3% vacancy in govt. train • Priority in allotment of Govt. Braille library. and public sector • Free prosthetic. Braille watches 26 .Other services • Bank loans at concessional rate of interest • Concession for travelling in bus. air.

Drug addicts • Major problem of society • 16-35 years are affected • Children and youth are mainly involved 27 .

purchase. and consumption of drugs – Person can be detained for 3 months 28 .Stringent legislation • Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substance Act 1985 • Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substance Act 1988 – Covers areas like production. warehousing. manufacturing. sales.

essay. house to house talk.Welfare program for addicts • Voluntary action agency • Counseling centers • Public awareness and prevention education – Street plays. 29 . debate • De-addiction campaign • Introduction of award scheme for customs officers and informers.

The underprivileged sections of society • Includes scheduled class. scheduled tribes and other backward classes • Also known as deprived classes of the society because they suffered numerous disabilities and deprivations • 1/4th of the total population are scheduled class and tribes 30 .

States/UTs are required to formulate and implement Special Component Plan (SCP) for Scheduled Castes as part of their Annual Plans by earmarking resources. • Under the strategy. • Special Central Assistance to Special Component Plan. in which cent percent assistance is given as additive to Schedules Caste Sub-Plan of the States/UTs 31 . ensure financial and physical benefits for the benefit of Scheduled Castes.• Scheduled Castes Development Bureau.

1955 and • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act. 1989).The Ministry implements two Acts for protecting the civil rights of the Scheduled Castes viz. • Protection of Civil Rights Act. 32 .

• Representation in legislatures – Our constitution is providing reservation in Lok Sabha and state legislative in proportion to their population • Reservation in services – SC/ST will be taken into consideration – 22.50% of the total number of the vacancies for backward class who are not adequately represented 33 .

Centrally sponsored schemes • Post metric scholarship for students • Premetric scholarship for parents in under occupation • Book banks • Hostel for girls and boys • National Overseas Scholarship-to go abroad for higher education 34 .

Mandal Commission For Backward Class • • • • 27% of the public service post Govt. should finance welfare programs Set up of small scale industry Radical land reform 35 .

Supply Social Workers study the schemes available Beneficiaries of the schemes are identified and made aware .Supply Chain of Social Reforms Government offers various schemes .Demand Each application for benefits is followed up with the Government Social Workers help the beneficiaries with required formalities for each scheme The social workers ensure that the beneficiaries receive their deserved benefits The needy receive the help they need and deserve 36 .

The Difficulties  Officially declared schemes remain on paper due to • Inadequate channeling • Lack of awareness 37 .

..Solution. • Community health nurse should partner with the Government and bridge the gap that exists between the supply and demand of the schemes and in the process utilize the widely practiced management skills to help bring about Social Reforms 38 .


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