This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Name- Vaibhav Kumar

Roll no-0703240053

Introduction

Most engineering systems consist of many elements or components Need to consider multiple failure modes and/or multiple component failures Analysis is fairly complicated Need to consider

1. The contribution of the component failure events to the system’s failure 2. The redundancy of the system 3. The post-failure behaviour of a component and the rest of the system 4. The statistical correlation between failure events 5. The progressive failure of components

Reliability Block Diagrams

**Reliability Block Diagrams
**

Most systems are defined through a combination of both series and parallel connections of subsystems Reliability block diagrams (RBD) represent a system using interconnected blocks arranged in combinations of series and/or parallel configurations They can be used to analyze the reliability of a system quantitatively Reliability block diagrams can consider active and stand-by states to get estimates of reliability, and availability (or unavailability) of the system Reliability block diagrams may be difficult to construct for very complex systems

Series Systems

Series systems are also referred to as weakest link or chain systems System failure is caused by the failure of any one component Consider two components in series

1 2

**Failure is defined as the union of the individual component failures
**

where Q denotes the probability of failure

For small failure probabilities

**Series Systems (cont’d)
**

For n components in series, the probability of failure is then

Therefore, for a series system, the system probability of failure is the sum of the individual component probabilities In case the component probabilities are not small, the system probability of failure can be expressed as

For n components in series

**Series Systems (cont’d)
**

Reliability is the complement of the probability of failure For the two components in series, the system reliability can be expressed as Assuming independence

For n components in series

Therefore, for a series system, the reliability of the system is the product of the individual component reliabilities

Parallel Systems

Parallel systems are also referred to as redundant The system fails only if all of the components fail Consider two components in parallel

1 2

Failure is defined by the intersection of the individual (component) failure events Assuming independence

Parallel Systems

For n components in parallel, the probability of failure is then

Therefore, for a parallel system, the system probability of failure is the product of the individual component probabilities The reliability of the parallel system is

For n components in parallel, the system reliability is

**Example Problem Example: Compute the reliability and probability of failure for the
**

following system. Assume the failure probabilities for the components are Q1 = 0.01, Q2 = 0.02 and Q3 = 0.03. 2

1

3

Solution:

First combine the parallel components 2 and 3 The probability of failure is

The reliability is

Solution (cont’d)

Next, combine component 1 and the sub-system (2,3) in series The probability of failure for the system is then

The system reliability is

Solution (cont’d)

The system probability of failure is equal to

The system reliability is

**which is also equal to RSYS = 1 – QSYS
**

As shown in this example, the system probability of failure and reliability are dominated by the series component 1

i.e. a series system is as good as its weakest link

Thank u

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd