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GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

Graphic Organizers (GOs)

A graphic organizer is a tool or process to

build word knowledge by relating similarities of meaning to the definition of a word. This can relate to any subjectmath, history, literature, etc.

Graphic Organizers (GOs) A graphic organizer is a tool or process to build word knowledge by

Why are Graphic Organizers

Important?

GOs connect content in a meaningful

way

to

help

students

gain

a

clearer

understanding of the material (Fountas &

Pinnell, 2001, as cited in Baxendrall, 2003).

GOs

help

students

maintain

the

information over time (Fountas & Pinnell, 2001, as cited in Baxendrall, 2003).

Assist students in organizing and retaining information when used consistently.

Assist teachers by integrating into instruction through creative approaches.

• Assist students in organizing and retaining information when used consistently. • Assist teachers by integrating

Heighten student interest Should be coherent and consistently used

Can be used with teacher- and student- directed approaches

• Heighten student interest • Should be coherent and consistently used • Can be used with

Coherent Graphic Organizers

  • 1. Provide clearly labeled branch and sub branches.

  • 2. Have numbers, arrows, or lines to show the connections or sequence of events.

    • 3. Relate similarities.

  • 4. Define accurately.

Coherent Graphic Organizers 1. Provide clearly labeled branch and sub branches. 2. Have numbers, arrows, or

How to Use Graphic Organizers in

the Classroom

Teacher-Directed Approach

Student-Directed Approach

How to Use Graphic Organizers in the Classroom • Teacher-Directed Approach • Student-Directed Approach

Teacher-Directed Approach

  • 1. Provide a partially complete GO for students

  • 2. Have students read instructions or information

    • 3. Fill out the GO with students

  • 4. Review the completed GO

    • 5. Assess students using an incomplete copy of the GO

Student-Directed Approach

Teacher uses a GO cover sheet with prompts

Example: Teacher provides a cover sheet that includes page numbers and paragraph numbers to locate information needed to fill out GO

Teacher acts as a facilitator

Students check their answers with a teacher copy supplied on the overhead

Strategies to Teach Graphic

Organizers

Framing the lesson Previewing Modeling with a think aloud Guided practice

Independent practice

Strategies to Teach Graphic Organizers • Framing the lesson • Previewing • Modeling with a think

Check for understanding Peer mediated instruction Simplifying the content or structure of the GO

Types of Graphic Organizers

Hierarchical diagramming

Sequence charts

Compare and contrast charts

Types of Graphic Organizers • Hierarchical diagramming • Sequence charts • Compare and contrast charts

A Simple Hierarchical

Graphic Organizer

A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer
A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer
A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer
A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer
A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer
A Simple Hierarchical Graphic Organizer

A Simple Hierarchical Graphic

Organizer - example

Geometry

Algebra

MATH
MATH

Trigonometry

Calculus

Another Hierarchical Graphic

Organizer

Category Subcategory
Category
Subcategory
Another Hierarchical Graphic Organizer Category Subcategory Subcategory Subcategory List examples of each type
Another Hierarchical Graphic Organizer Category Subcategory Subcategory Subcategory List examples of each type

Subcategory

Subcategory

List examples of each type

Hierarchical Graphic Organizer example

Algebra

Hierarchical Graphic Organizer – example Algebra Equations Inequalities
Hierarchical Graphic Organizer – example Algebra Equations Inequalities

Equations

Hierarchical Graphic Organizer – example Algebra Equations Inequalities

Inequalities

Hierarchical Graphic Organizer – example Algebra Equations Inequalities
Hierarchical Graphic Organizer – example Algebra Equations Inequalities

Compare and Contrast

Category What is it? Subcategory
Category
What is it?
Subcategory
Compare and Contrast Category What is it? Subcategory What are some examples? Irregular set What is

What are some examples?

Irregular set

What is it like?

Illustration/Example

Properties/Attributes

Compare and Contrast - example

Numbers What is it? Illustration/Example Properties/Attributes 6, 17, 25, 100 Positive Integers Whole Numbers -3, -8,
Numbers
What is it?
Illustration/Example
Properties/Attributes
6, 17, 25, 100
Positive Integers
Whole
Numbers
-3, -8, -4000
Negative Integers
0
Zero
Fractions
What are some
examples?
What is it like?

Venn Diagram

Venn Diagram

Venn Diagram - example

Multiples of 3 2 8 6 10 Prime Numbers 21 15 9 5 6 4 Even
Multiples of 3
2
8
6
10
Prime Numbers
21
15
9
5
6
4
Even Numbers
3
13
11
7

Multiple Meanings

Multiple Meanings
Multiple Meanings
Multiple Meanings
Multiple Meanings
Multiple Meanings

Multiple Meanings example

Multiple Meanings – example Right Equiangular 3 sides 3 sides 3 angles 3 angles 3 angles
Multiple Meanings – example Right Equiangular 3 sides 3 sides 3 angles 3 angles 3 angles
Right
Right

Equiangular

3 sides 3 sides 3 angles 3 angles 3 angles = 60° 1 angle = 90°
3
sides
3
sides
3
angles
3
angles
3
angles = 60°
1
angle = 90°
TRI-
ANGLES
Acute
Obtuse
3
sides
3 sides
3
angles

3 angles

3 angles < 90°

1 angle > 90°

Series of Definitions

Word

=

Category

+

Attribute

 

=

 

+

 

Definitions: ______________________ ________________________________

________________________________

Series of Definitions example

Word

Square

=

Category

+

=

Quadrilateral

+

Attribute

4 equal sides &

4 equal angles (90°)

Definition: A four-sided figure with four equal sides and four right angles.

Four-Square Graphic Organizer

1. Word:

2. Example:

4. Definition

3. Non-example:

Four-Square Graphic Organizer example

1. Word: semicircle

2. Example:

1. Word: semicircle 2. Example: 4. Definition 3. Non-example: A semicircle is half of a circle.

4. Definition

3. Non-example:

A semicircle is half of

A semicircle is half of
A semicircle is half of

a circle.

Graphic Organizer Summary

GOs are a valuable tool for assisting students with LD in basic mathematical

procedures and problem solving. Teachers should:

Consistently, coherently, and creatively use GOs.

Employ teacher-directed and student-directed approaches.

Address individual needs via curricular adaptations.

How These Strategies Help

Students Access Algebra

Problem Representation Problem Solving (Reason) Self Monitoring Self Confidence

How These Strategies Help Students Access Algebra • Problem Representation • Problem Solving (Reason) • Self

ENCYCLOPEDIA

DICTIONARY

ATLAS

THESAURUS

SQ3R

ENCYCLOPEDIA

a type of reference work a compendium

holding

a

summary of information from

either

all branches of knowledge or a

particular

branch

of

knowledge.

Encyclopedias

are

divided

into articles

or

entries, which

are

usually

accessed

alphabetically by article name. Encyclopedia entries are longer and more detailed than

those in most dictionaries.

Types of Encyclopedia

  • Hard copy

World Book Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia Americana

  • Electronic

• Access to Grolier’s Encyclopedia through Kentucky Virtual Library. www.kyvl.org

World Book Online www.worldbookonline.com

Reasons to use the Encyclopedia

Reasons to use the Encyclopedia • Want to learn more about a topic • Wish to
Reasons to use the Encyclopedia • Want to learn more about a topic • Wish to

Want to learn more about a topic Wish to verify information

Need to research a topic for a paper or for a class

How to use the Encyclopedia?

How to use the Encyclopedia? • Choose the appropriate volume using the first letter of the

Choose the appropriate volume using the first letter of the subject Use guide words to find the topic Read entry to find information

How to use the Encyclopedia? • Choose the appropriate volume using the first letter of the

DICTIONARY

A dictionary is a reference book arranged alphabetically that contains words and their

definitions, pronunciations and uses. Various

types of dictionaries exist for each language and specialized purposes. Whether traditional

book format or online, the type of dictionary

selected depends upon the user's needs.

What information can I find

about a word?

Pronunciation Definition or word meaning Information about the word How to use the word in a sentence Part of speech Origins or root Variant spellings for the same word (ax or axe)

about a word? • Pronunciation • Definition or word meaning • Information about the word •

Guide words

Guide words

Special Sections for some

Dictionaries

Foreign words or phrases

Abbreviations

Addresses of colleges

Population of cities and countries

Other information that can be

found in a Dictionary

English to metric conversion tables Maps Presidents of the United States Explanations of common symbols "How to Use a Dictionary"

• English to metric conversion tables • Maps • Presidents of the United States • Explanations
Other information that can be found in a Dictionary • English to metric conversion tables •

Spoil / Spots

What is the first word

Are the following

on this page of the

words on the page, or

dictionary?

not?

 

Sponge

Spool

Splinter

Spot

Spoon

Spoil

Spun

 

Sport

Bibliography

• http://www.ctl.ua.edu/CTLStudyAids/StudySkillsFlyers/Voc abularyDevelopment/how2useadictionary.htm • Viewed 10/10/08 • http://library.thinkquest .org viewed 10/5/08 • http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#How%2 0to%20Use%20a%20Dictionary
http://www.ctl.ua.edu/CTLStudyAids/StudySkillsFlyers/Voc
abularyDevelopment/how2useadictionary.htm
Viewed 10/10/08
http://library.thinkquest .org viewed 10/5/08
http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#How%2
0to%20Use%20a%20Dictionary
•
Bibliography • http://www.ctl.ua.edu/CTLStudyAids/StudySkillsFlyers/Voc abularyDevelopment/how2useadictionary.htm • Viewed 10/10/08 • http://library.thinkquest .org viewed 10/5/08 • http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#How%2 0to%20Use%20a%20Dictionary •http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/h/dictless.cfm • Using a Dictionary Viewed 10/14/2008 " id="pdf-obj-38-8" src="pdf-obj-38-8.jpg">

Using a Dictionary Viewed 10/15/08 http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/h/dictless.cfm

Bibliography • http://www.ctl.ua.edu/CTLStudyAids/StudySkillsFlyers/Voc abularyDevelopment/how2useadictionary.htm • Viewed 10/10/08 • http://library.thinkquest .org viewed 10/5/08 • http://library.thinkquest.org/5585/dictionary.htm#How%2 0to%20Use%20a%20Dictionary •http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/h/dictless.cfm • Using a Dictionary Viewed 10/14/2008 " id="pdf-obj-38-15" src="pdf-obj-38-15.jpg">

Using a Dictionary Viewed 10/14/2008

ATLAS

An atlas is a collection of maps, most often bound together into book form. Additionally, atlases may include facts about the area, pictures of interest

about the area, and informational tables. It usually

has an accompanying gazetteer, which is an alphabetical listing of place names and their pronunciations. Atlases may be general in nature and cover the entire globe, or they may be specific to geographical locations, topics or time periods.

Purpose of an Atlas

  • to give a comprehensive look at a

geographical region through maps; it does,

therefore, contain a few different types of maps. There are many types of atlases, most of which are bound together to display an entire country or state. There are also several types of maps and not all types are included in the

typical Atlas.

TYPES OF MAPS

1. Political Maps

2. Physical Maps

3.Topographic Map

Political Maps

  • printed in pastel colors and are meant to show the political territories of a geographical region.

  • aren't detailed in terms of terrain and

  • list areas by county, town and other politically determined areas.

  • show each country in a different color to allow for easy and quick differentiation.

  • can be as general as noting only country boundaries or they can be as specific as listing cities and townships.

Physical Maps

  • commonly found in an atlas. The purpose of these maps is to show the physical layout of the land in a particular region.

  • usually in shades of green and brown. Green-lush areas and brown- dry or mountainous areas.

  • The maps have representations of lakes and rivers that are often sky blue.

  • often bought and framed to be used as decorative wall hangings in offices and homes.

Topographic Map

An atlas is also likely to show a topographic map of its particular region. Topographic maps aren't as interesting to look at as political or physical

maps.

  • usually all one background color that is in the pale green or taupe family.

purpose : They show different elevation levels with a series of meandering lines (called contour lines) drawn at different distances from one another.

What is Thesaurus?

A thesaurus can help you choose words

which makes your writing more…

accurate interesting exciting

What is Thesaurus?

A thesaurus is a book of synonyms. It contains words that mean the same but spelled differently. The words are in alphabetical order. It is also a tool in Microsoft word.

Example:

The boy ran home as fast as he could.

Example:

Let’s try these words from a

thesaurus:

rushed, dashed, scurried, scrambled or sped

Example:

The boy dashed home as fast as he could.

THESAURUS

A thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to

similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a

dictionary, which contains definitions and

pronunciations. The largest thesaurus in the world is the Historical Thesaurus of the

Oxford English Dictionary, which contains

more than 920,000 entries.

What is SQ3R

  • A study reading method or technique

based

on a series of steps

  • It divides the reading process into 3 stages:

Before

During

After

: Preparation

: Concentration

: Retention

The Steps in SQ3R

Survey Question Read Recite Review

1st step : SURVEY or SKIM

Get an overview or general idea about the reading

by previewing

This helps to activate any previous knowledge we

may have

 

Find out about the author, type of work, and subject

Look at the title, subtitles, or headings

Look at any visuals (captions, pictures, charts or

drawings)

  • Read the first paragraph and the first sentence of each other paragraph

  • Read the last paragraph

  • Look for key words in different print

  • Circle or underline any difficult words as a vocabulary preview

  • Make a PREDICTION about the main idea or central theme

  • The author’s idea or message about the topic of discussion

2 nd step : QUESTION

Formulate information (Wh) questions on what you have surveyed

These will help you to concentrate or focus while reading!

For example: the title, visuals, the first lines of the different paragraphs etc.

Follow the organization of the article! Practice: Food for Luck

3 rd step :

READ ( R1)

Read thoroughly and actively, focusing on your questions

  • This gives your reading a purpose

As you read, you can annotate (underline and take notes in the margin)

  • Writing reinforces what you read

4 th step

:

Recite (R2)

Try to answer the questions you formulated based on what you remember

If you have problems, then these are the areas you will pay closer attention to when you

review

Recite after a long section; repeat information and reread if necessary

5 th step

:

REVIEW (3)

Look over the material again but without rereading; go over the questions again

Verify your prediction and revise it if necessary

  • Now that you’ve read you can determine what the main idea or central theme is

Respond and reflect by connecting the reading to your previous experiences