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Corrosion Types and Rust-Preventive Coatings

Preparing by Efekan BakIR

Contents
       Definition of Corrosion Types of Corrosion Definition of Rust Prevention of Rust Rust-Preventive Coatings Conclusion References

by chemical reaction with its environment. the formation of iron oxides. this means electrochemical oxidation of metals in reaction with an oxidant such as oxygen. is a well-known example of electrochemical corrosion. usually metals. Rusting.What is the Corrosion ? Corrosion is the gradual destruction of material. . In the most common use of the word.

Most corrosion experts however can agree on the basic varieties of corrosion listed and described. although in this context. . the term degradation is more common.This type of damage typically produces oxide or salt of the original metal. Corrosion can also occur in materials other than metals. such as ceramics or polymers. any types and causes of corrosion and depending on a particular scientist's or corrosion engineer's tendencies to look upon the subject more broadly or narrowly there is no clear and exact total for the number of corrosion types.

As a result. some corrosion mechanisms are less visible and less predictable. However. Example of Corrosion . can increase a material's corrosion resistance. such as passivation and chromate conversion. methods to reduce the activity of the exposed surface.

Erosion Corrosion . Fretting corrosion.Types of Corrosion Corrosion comes in many different forms and can be classified by the cause of the chemical deterioration of a metal. Intergranular corrosion. . Pitting Corrosion. Environmental Cracking. De-Alloying. Listed below are 8 common types of corrosion: Galvanic Corrosion.High-Temperature Corrosion.

. typically found in machinery. Pits or grooves and oxide debris characterize this damage. bolted assemblies and ball or roller bearings. Contact surfaces exposed to vibration during transportation are exposed to the risk of fretting corrosion.Fretting corrosion Fretting corrosion refers to corrosion damage at the asperities of contact surfaces. as induced for example by vibration. This damage is induced under load and in the presence of repeated relative surface motion.

Galvanic Corrosion When dissimilar metals are connected in the presence of an electrolyte a galvanic corrosion reaction occurs. Example of Galvanic Corrosion . Both the presence of an electrolyte solution and a bi-metallic coupling is required for this type of corrosion to occur.

temperature and stress-related conditions can result in the following types of environmental corrosion: Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Corrosion fatigue Hydrogen-induced cracking Liquid metal embrittlement     .Environmental Cracking Environmental cracking is a corrosion process that can result from a combination of environmental conditions affecting the metal. Chemical.

Erosion corrosion can also be aggravated by faulty workmanship. The increased turbulence caused by pitting on the internal surfaces of a tube can result in rapidly increasing erosion rates and eventually a leak. resulting in erosion corrosion.Erosion Corrosion Erosion corrosion is an acceleration in the rate of corrosion attack in metal due to the relative motion of a corrosive fluid and a metal surface. For example. burrs left at cut tube ends can upset smooth water flow. . A combination of erosion and corrosion can lead to extremely high pitting rates. cause localized turbulence and high flow velocities.

or immediately adjacent to grain boundaries. . while the bulk of the grains remain largely unaffected. Intergranular corrosion is localized attack along the grain boundaries. Such precipitation can produce zones of reduced corrosion resistance in the immediate vicinity. This form of corrosion is usually associated with chemical segregation effects (impurities have a tendency to be enriched at grain boundaries) or specific phases precipitated on the grain boundaries. separated by grain boundaries.Intergranular corrosion The microstructure of metals and alloys is made up of grains.

De-Alloying Dealloying or selective leaching refers to the selective removal of one element from an alloy by corrosion processes. A common example is the dezincification of unstabilized brass. whereby a weakened. . porous copper structure is produced.

This type of corrosion is referred to as high temperature oxidation.High-Temperature Corrosion Under very high temperature metals need only the presence of oxygen or other oxidizing gases to corrode. acids) to proceed. . scaling or tarnishing and requires neither moisture nor dissolved electrolytes (salts.

like steel. which occurs when iron or an alloy that contains iron. is exposed to oxygen and moisture for a long period of time. Over time. forming a new compound called an oxide and weakening the bonds of the metal itself. but other metals can corrode in similar ways." that term is much more general. Only iron or alloys that contain iron can rust. Although some people refer to rust generally as "oxidation.Definition of Rust Rust is another name for iron oxide. the oxygen combines with the metal at an atomic level. . not all oxidation forms rust. although rust forms when iron undergoes oxidation.

for detailed coverage. Coatings and painting. the prevention or slowing of rust is the basis of major economic activities in a number of specialized technologies.Prevention of Rust Because of the widespread use and importance of iron and steel products. Galvanization. Bluing. There are kinds 7 of prevention of rust : Rust-resistant alloys. Rust prevention thus requires coatings that preclude rust formation. Humidity control . Inhibitors. A brief overview of methods is presented here. Cathodic protection. Rust is permeable to air and water. therefore the interior metallic iron beneath a rust layer continues to corrode. see the cross-referenced articles.

This rust prevention product is a cream colored liquid when applied but upon drying turns to a translucent light brown dry to the touch wax coating. corrosion control is achieved by using water based rust proofing that contains a balanced rust inhibitor system. . Dyes can be added if color coding is desired. In just one coat.Rust-Preventive Coatings Stop rust before it starts with water based rust preventive dip coating.

abrade or run under normal handling. . storage bins or the packages you send to your customers will be oil stained and messy. This protective coating and its rust inhibitor system are compatible with lube oil so they do not need to be removed from internal parts before assembly. Therefore neither the floor of your packaging area. Some materials active rust inhibitor system neutralizes metal corrosion normally attributed to fingerprints from parts handling.This corrosion resistant coatings will not transfer.

However rusting of steel in concrete can still be a problem. Such treatments usually also contain rust inhibitors. since expanding rust can fracture or slowly "explode" concrete from within. often have a wax-based product (technically a slushing oil) injected into these sections. such as paint. or varnish that isolate the iron from the environment.Rust formation can be controlled with coatings. Covering steel with concrete can provide some protection to steel because of the alkaline pH environment at the steel-concrete interface. . Large structures with enclosed box sections. lacquer. such as ships and modern automobiles.

the formation of iron oxides. . Rusting. Rust-Preventive Coatings is a well-known method for preventing the rust. some corrosion mechanisms are less visible and less predictable. is an example of electrochemical corrosion. However.Conclusion Corrosion comes in many different forms and can be classified by the cause of the chemical deterioration of a metal.

about.com/Corrosion_Types_Uniform_Corrosion.net/rust-preventives.metaltreaters.wikipedia.counteractrust.html http://en.wikipedia.References           http://www.tis-gdv.htm http://www. htm http://en.com/types%20of%20corrosion.org/wiki/Corrosion http://www.authorstream.de/tis_e/misc/korro.com/Presentation/hitiboy-410714corrosion-hiti-science-technology-ppt-powerpoint/ http://www.htm http://www.com/od/metallurgy/a/Types-Of-Corrosion.org/wiki/Rust#Prevention http://www.org/pict-type.htm http://metals.com/safegard_uses.corrosionist.corrosion-doctors.htm http://www.html .sanchem.