Castles in the Sand: New Directions for OCW C

OCW Consortium Conference May, 2013 Bali, Indonesia
Marshall S. Smith



Sand Castles



Argument in presentation
• 2001: MIT OCW. Later OCW-C critical to international expansion of OCW. • 2003-2013 Many other open web innovations: • 2013 OCW-C A mature world-wide network: Human + Social Capital. Intellectual Infrastructure. • 2013 – 2020 What next for OCW-C? Stay the same? Move beyond OCW? Where? Capitalize on strengths of OCW-C Network!
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First: Celebrate OCW-C! By 2013
• Commitment to share – Open – went to scale. • Challenged university norms, customs. • 200 institutions, 40 countries. Thousands of courses. Millions of users– many w/o prior access. • Transparency breeds accountability and quality! • Knowledge becomes a public good. The world is a better and fairer place • Commitment to improve -- OCW-C Network.
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Simultaneously 2001-2013
• OER exploding: Open text books, collections of materials (OER Commons, Khan Academy, PhET), cognitive and AI tutors, virtual labs, etc.) • Growing evidence of added value of open:
– Access through free, (no-cost and available), Scale – Added value through cost reduction, translations, adaptation, mix, remix – users become creators. – Research growing – OU-UK, networks, IDRC, etc.

• Governments beginning to support • Business models developing.
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New Delivery systems, Platforms, the Cloud: Since 2001
• Cell phones, pads everywhere -- distributing and gathering open content. • Instructional platforms – allow plug and play (Gooru) – adaptive instruction using feedback loops for learners (OLI) – data feedback for developers for improvement (MOOCs) • Cloud for storing data very low cost allowing creation of useful, universal archives.
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“New” ways of digitally-enabled classroom and on-line learning
• Peer-to-peer networked digital learning, • Informal learning that uses open technology to extend its reach – museums, libraries • ED tech in classrooms, blended, flipped: opening up pedagogical paradigms (PBL), games, simulations • On-line courses, AI tutors, Cognitive Tutors, open textbooks, now flexbooks!! • Massive Online Open Courseware (xMOOCs and cMOOCs) – built on the back of OCW experience.
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Innovation cycle. Where is OCW-C?

Patton, M.Q. (2010) Developmental Evaluation: Applying Complexity Concepts to Enhance Innovation and Use, The Guilford Press: New York, pg 207
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OCW-C in 2013
• Mature – stable for now – • Focus on OCW • But expanded focus to other innovation a few years ago. • Is OCW-C sustainable as it operates now? Where is it in the innovation cycle?



Alternative Pathways for OCW-C
• Substantial capacity in this room to build on OCW-C experience and the new OER environment. • One approach: Keep focus on OCW. Put a little more emphasis on bringing in other OER. Purpose is to provide information, meetings. Possible expansion? • Another might be to focus more on OER advocacy. A greater government focus. • Another: use OCW-C human and social capital with OER to address new educational or social problems.
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Explore use of OER to help solve social and educational problems:
• Problems imply clear purpose, goals, strategic efforts, imagination, creativity, innovation. • Problem solutions require capacity – here it is in OCW-C -- drawn from the world. • Imagine OCW-C mobilizes into groups to address problems members can add value to. • Members and Board select problems. • OCW C convenor, writer, advocate, organizer.
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But what kinds of problems: A few examples



Improve on-line learning
1. Improve on-line learning: build on long experience of many in room: Design, Experimentation, leadership
– – – – – – – – Project Based Learning, AI tutors, with Cognitive Tutors Games, Virtual reality, massive simulations, MOOCs Power of feedback loops, formative assessment New understandings of student motivation. Use students to collaborate and tutor each other The power of academic conversation and vocabulary Language learning: responsive digital tutors Delivery without connectivity, electricity – Raspberry Pi



OER and persistent social and environmental problems.
2. Local Social and Environmental problems: Focus on agriculture, public health, water use, disaster relief – - Academic and local knowledge address problems. - Content that addresses local environment through networks of OCW and other institutions. - Deliver with multiple platforms: Handhelds, computers, pads, memory sticks - Use networks of users to gather and feed information back and forth.



Tackle teaching and preparing teachers for Secondary School Courses
3. Open Courses for Secondary schools. Explore use of
– Basic university OCW or other courses in sciences, math, literature, second language, history. – MOOC like approach -- short blocks of content, short test, train teachers to do flip classroom. – Open text books -- or flex books. – Distance teacher training – MOOCs or use TESSA like model.
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Equalize Capacity: Use Cloud
4. Cloud based virtual libraries to provide materials for universities and schools in each nation. Free -- Australia, Indonesia (I-OER), Canada. Make simple, usable.
– Books, digital courses and other OCW – Virtual laboratories, videos, simulations – Learning Games, – Music, Art, Design, – Social networks focused on learning.
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Talk has been Deliberately Provocative
• OCW-C extraordinary run -- almost a decade of success. • Half life of most innovation is no-where near a decade. OCW possibly plateaued. • OER climbing very fast. • OCW-C has human and social capital. • And the opportunity to address new challenges.
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Create New Sandcastles



Now is the Time
• Thank You!



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