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DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

Direct and Indirect Speech, yang juga kita kenal dengan istilah lain yaitu Reported Speech. Direct Speect adalah kalimat yang diucapkan secara langsung oleh pembicara dan jika ditulis kalimat tersebut akan diberi tanda kutip. Sedangkan Indirect Speech adalah kalimat yang kita laporkan kepada orang lain secara tidak langsung dan tanpa diberi koma.

Contoh : He said.DIRECT SPEECH Simple Present Tense Present Continuous Tense Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense Simple Past Tense Simple Future Tense Future Continouos Tense INDIRECT SPEECH Simple Past Tense Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Future Tense/Conditional Past Future Continuous Tense (Conditional Continuous) Conditional “if” Conditional “if” Kalau reported speech berhubungan dengan kebenaran umum atau fakta yang sudah menjadi kebiasaan. melainkan tetap persis sebagaimana adanya. . present indefinite atau simple present dalam reported speech tidak diubah ke dalam bentuk lampau yang sesuai. “The sun rises in the east” → He said that the sun rises in the east.

PERUBAHAN ADVERB OF TIME (KETERANGAN WAKTU) YANG PERLU DIPERHATIKAN: Direct : Now Today Tonight This week Yesterday The day before yesterday Last night Last week/year A year ago Three years ago Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Next week/year On Sunday Here This book This These Over there *etc. → → → → → → → → → → → → → → → → → → → Indirect : Then That day That night That week The day before Two days before The night before The previous week/year A year before/The previous year Three years before The next day/The following day In two day’s time/The following day The following week/year On Sunday There The book That Those Over there .

PERUBAHAN-PERUBAHAN AUXILIARIES (KATA BANTU) YANG HARUS DIPERHATIKAN: Can May Might Must biasa) *etc. ” I must wash my hands before eating” • The girl said that she had to wash her hands before eating. → → → → Could Might Might Would have to (kegiatan yang akan datang)/had to (keharusan yang Contoh: • The man said. “I must mend the wall next week” • The man said that he would have to mend the wall the following week. • Pria itu mengatakan bahwa dia harus memperbaiki dinding minggu berikutnya. . • The girl said. • Gadis itu berkata bahwa dia harus mencuci tangannya sebelum makan.

“we will go to Singapore tomorrow” He said that they would go to Singapore the next day. . ” I’m a university student” Bob said that he was a university student.Direct and Indirect Speech ada 3 macam: 1. Statement (Pernyataan) yang menggunakan “that” He said. Bob said.

“not to” dalam perintah negatif. She told me. He told me. Command (Perintah) menambahkan kata “to” sebagai penghubung kalimat melaporkan dengan yang dilaporkan. . “don’t cheat anymore !” She told me not to cheat anymore. “wait for me !” He told me to wait for him.2.

3. . “Do you really love me?” Ina asked me if/whether I really loved her. Catatan: Past Tense kadang-kadang tidak berubah dalam percakapan. Mixed type: Contoh: Anton asked me. Ina asked me. “what’s happening to you ? You look so pale” Anton asked me what was happening to me as I looked so pale. maka bentuk laporannya menggunakan if atau whether. Question (Pertanyaan) jika kalimat dari jenis “yes or no question”.

They said. "I went to the cinema yesterday.“ 7. She said.“ 6. She said. "I am not hungry now. "They won't sleep. "We have never been here before. 1. She said.“ 2.“ 4. You said. He said. "I will do this for him.“ .Exercise Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. "I am writing a test tomorrow.“ 8. "It is very quiet here. "I will have finished this paper by tomorrow.“ 10. "We were in London last week.“ 9. He said. They said.“ 3. They said. "This is our book.“ 5. He said. Change pronouns and expressions of time and place where necessary.

" the chemistry teacher said. 9." she said. "Don't give yourself up. "Don't touch it." she told me." he said to me. 6." he begged her. "Don't let him in. "Don't do that again. "Don't go out without me. . "Don't talk to me like that. boys." she warned him.Exercise 2 Complete the sentences in reported speech. "Don't forget your bag. 2. 8. 7. 5. Note the change of pronouns in some sentences."Don't hurt yourselves." he advised her. 3." he said. "Don't repair the computer yourself. 1. "Don't eat in the lab." she said. 4. 10." she said to him.

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He asked whether she lived in London.Type with interrogative without interrogative direct speech reported speech direct speech reported speech Example “Why don’t you speak English?” He asked me why I didn’t speak English. He asked if she lived in London. .“ He asked:“Where does she live?“ He asked: “Does she live in London?“ Reported Speech He said that she lived in London He asked where she lived. “Do you speak English?” He asked me whether / if I spoke English Direct Speech statement question with interrogative question without interrogative He said: “She lives in London.