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The Morality of Rural Development as Reflected from the Philosophy of St.

Thomas Aquinas

by
sheila g. dolipas

Rural Development
1. expanding and • the aim of rural improving irrigation development is and drainage facilities improving the 2. satisfying raw materials well-being, alocal requirement for better of housing quality and construction industryfamilies life-of 3. and intensifying and individuals improving the efficiency in the rural of production (Gomez 4. areas. improving the efficiency and Juliano, 1978) of post harvest and marketing operations. Accelerated Growth Goal Distribution of the services, and Thisresources, is a planned opportunities change thru equitably intervention among thethe various to improve quality of segments ofresources, the soceity services, or opportunities

Equitable Distribution Goal

improvement services.Approaches to Rural Development • Production Resource Transformation Focuses on the development and adaptation This is generally concerned with the increases in the of the institutions providing products and levels of production. of products. • • It involves the improvement in the scope. distributions of production capabilities as well as in Social Service sharing ofTransformation production inputs. out-of-school youth training.) . quality. (i. Institutional Structure Transformation population. etc.e. programs on nutrition. and distribution of such amenities or services.

and aims of rural development be morally right according to St.Would the approaches. goals. Thomas Aquinas? .

Paradigm of the Report The Philosophy of Man by Thomas Aquinas The morality of Rural Development .

Aristotle) “THE GREAT SYNTHESIZER” .Primarily a THEOLOGIAN Arrived to his conclusions using methods in PHILOSOPHY (i.e.

Socrates Plato Neo-Platonism St Augustine St. THOMAS AQUINAS . Thomas Aquinas is claimed to have synthesized the pagan Aristotle with the Christian and Platonic with the Aristotelian in an effort to best communicate aviccena the TRUTH Averroes Maimonides Medieval Philosophy Heretical Westerners St.

He won his doctorate. but he rejoined his order in 1245 Ordained in 1250 Taught theology at University of Paris. Aquino. Ox. and taught in several Italian cities. in 1244 of apparent natural causes. Italy and imprisoned him for His noble kidnapped relics at Saint-Servin. at Roccasecca.Profile Died monks Educated by Benedictine Also known as 7 March 1274 Canonized Doctor Angelicus. Son of the Count of Aquino . 1323 Thefamily Dumb Naples. Toulouse. France and deprogram him. Born He secretly joined the mendicant Dominican at Fossanuova near Terracinafriars Doctor 1225Communis. The Universal Teacher a year to keep him out of sight.

. to the thinking of the Church ever since.Profile On 6 December 1273 he influential experienced a His works have been divine revelation. He was proclaimed Doctor of the Church in 1567. Pope Leo VIII commanded that his teachings be studied by all theology students.

etc.. OPUSCULA De Regimine Principum (On the Rule of Princes).His Works Commentaries on the Logic. De Ente et Essentia (On Being and Essence). . De Malo (On Evil). Metaphysics. De Potentia (On Power). (Questions About Any Subject). De Unitate Intellectus (OnQuodlibetales the Unity of the Intellect). (A Summary of Theology) De Anima (On the Soul). Quaestiones (Disputed Questions): The Disputatae Summa Theologica De Veritate (On Truth). SUMMAE on the Scriptures. Quaestiones written against the Averroists. and Ethics of Aristotle. on the Four Books ofAgainst Sentences Peter Lombard. Physics. The Summa contra Gentiles on Dionysius the Areopagite. QUESTIONS (A Summary theof Gentiles).

the Augustinian’s “philosophy and No real distinction theology are not onlybetween separate but philosophy and they are opposed” theology can be made Made sure that philosophy and theoloy played contemporary roles in the human’s quest for truth .His Philosophy and Theology Aquinas was the FIRST to recognize that ARISTOTOLIAN intellectualism would be of great help for the study of Philosophy and well as Theology Averroist theory of the double truth VS.

His Philosophy and Theology Philosophy begins with THEOLOGY begins the immediate objects with a faith in GOD of sense experience and interprets all and reasonPHILOSOPHY upward to Are not contradictoryTHEOLOGY things as creatures more general of each other of GOD conceptions. others are known through both equally . and eventually the conception of GOD & .Play important role to one another Some TRUTHS can be known only thru revelation and others thru experience.

The Nature of the Human Person • The source and the ultimate end of GOD • Doing evil • If human goes therefore is not in against his accordance with nature then he is the nature of the going against the human person moral law • The human • The real meaning • The moral law person is good of one’s existence is the dictate because the can be obtained if of the voice CREATOR is good. he follow his nature of reason as good The GOOD must be done. and EVIL be AVOIDED. .

and respect that immoral he accords to himself 1. Just Dealing with Others 3. Propagation of Species . SelfPreservation 2.The Threefold Inclination of the Human Person A person under Any act of is intervention a basic that will moral frustrate The capacity to and stifle the very obligation to purpose of life treat others with protect his reproduction are the same dignity and health unnatural therefore.

The object or the end of an action (finis operans) .The Determinants Moral Action If the end is in consonance with the natural moral law then the action is considered to be good. 1.

Circumstances Circumstantiae This is a condition where given circumstances will either mitigate or aggravate the goodness or badness of a particular act .The Determinants of Moral Action 2.

The Determinants of Moral Action 3. The intention of the agent (finis operantis) A good act with a bad motive makes the moral action bad .

The object or the end of an action 2. The intention of the agent (finis operantis) . Circumstances Circumstantiae (finis operans) 3.The Determinants of Moral Action 1.

principle protecting his least morally indifferent. but merely permitted to occur being of the whole body 4. The good effect must follow from the action as care person to take functions.The Principles as BASIS of Moral Actions 1. (Simultaneous) of this life until GOD 3. The Principle of his or body for takes ither back from 3. procreation functioning part of immediately as the evil effect. There must be a proportionate and sufficient reason for allowing the evil to occur while performing the action 4. Four The principle of Conditions of the An individual may inviolability of Principle The human person be given the right human life has the to cut-off. The directly intended be good in any itself or remove It The is the duty of of 5. non2. TOTALITY defective or wornevery individual spiritual and bodily sexuality and out. action The Principle of must 1. The principle of the double effect responsibility of or at 2. The foreseen evil effect may not the be intended or approved Stewardship general wellus. . mutilate.

The Rights and Duties of a Human Person 1. 2. The duty to keep healthy and to take care of oneself. The Right to LIFE 1. The Duty to take care of one’s property and respect the property of others 2. The Right to PRIVATE PROPERTY .

The Right to MARRY 4.The Rights and Duties of a Human Person 3. The right to physical freedom or personal liberty 3. The duty to respect private boundaries . The duty to support one’s family 4.

The Rights and Duties of a Human Person 5. The Right to WORSHIP 6. The duty to perform at one’s best . The duty for religious tolerance 6. The right to work 5.

a better quality of life-of families and individuals in the rural areas. (Gomez and Juliano. 1978) Morally Right Right to Life It adheres to the Duty to Take Careof of Natural inclination One self SELF-PRESERVATION .The Morality of the Aim of Rural Development • the aim of rural development is improving the wellbeing.

resources.Morality of the Goals of Rural Development Accelerated Growth Goal MORALLY RIGHT Distribution of the This is a planned services. resources. and change thru intervention opportunities equitably to improve the quality of among the various services. or segments of the society opportunities Equitable Distribution Goal Application of the principle of double effect and the principle of totality .

The Morality of the Approaches of Rural Development Production Resource Transformation Social Service Transformation By themselves are morally indifferent The specifics of each approach will determine it’s morality Institutional Structure Transformation .

Amen. Take from me the double darkness in which I have been born. direct the progress. and help in the completion. I ask this through Jesus Christ our Lord. Give me a keen understanding. Point out the beginning. graciously let a ray of your light penetrate the darkness of my understanding.Creator of all things. an obscurity of sin and ignorance. and the ability to grasp things correctly and fundamentally. Grant me the talent of being exact in my explanations and the ability to express myself with thoroughness and charm. true source of light and wisdom. St. a retentive memory. origin of all being. Thomas Aquinas .