ENGAGING AND MOBILIZING NGOs/CSOs/COMMUNITIES FOR HSRA

Regional NGO/CSO Orientation Workshop on HSRA June 28, 2007 Erwin Ramones Lara

STATE POLICIES
The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them (Phil. Constitution, Art. II, Sec. 15).

disabled. sick.The State shall adopt an integrated and comprehensive approach to health development which shall endeavor to make essential goods. Sec. . Constitution. There shall be priority for the needs of the under-privileged. The State shall endeavor to provide free medical care to paupers (Phil. women. elderly. Art. health and other social services available to all the people at affordable cost. XIII. 11). and children.

Art.The State shall establish and maintain an effective food and drug regulatory system and undertake appropriate health. Constitution. . responsive to the country's health needs and problems (Phil. and research. Sec. manpower development. 12). XIII.

Sec 23). Constitution. or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation (Phil. . Art. II. community-based.The State shall encourage nongovernmental.

Sec.Local government units shall promote the establishment and operation of people's and nongovernmental organizations to become active partners in the pursuit of local autonomy (LGC. 32) .

Sec.Local government units may enter into joint ventures and such other cooperative arrangements with people's and nongovernmental organizations to engage in the delivery of certain basic services. capability-building …x x x (LGC. . 35).

ACCESS POINTS Policy Advocacy Local Legislative Bodies (Sanggunians) Local Chief Executives Local Boards/Line Agencies Implementation/Regulation Local Chief Executives Local Boards/Line Agencies (Local Legislative Bodies) Monitoring Local Legislative Bodies (Sanggunians) Local Chief Executives LocalBoards/Line Agencies .

ACCESS POINTS Policy Advocacy Local Legislative Bodies (Sanggunians) .Law-making (Ordinances/Resolutions) . 455 and 465) .may issue executive orders/implementing guidelines for the faithful and appropriate enforcement of laws and ordinances (LGC. Sections 444.direct/initiate the formulation of the development plan .Oversight (Inquiries in Aid of Legislation) Local Chief Executives (Quasi-legislative power) .initiate and propose legislative measures to the sanggunians .

may propose appropriations/budget for health and . consistent with the technical and administrative standards of the Department of Health (LGC. operations review and similar functions. grievance and complaints.an advisory committee to the Sanggunian concerned .Local Boards/Line Agencies The Health Boards serve as . Sections 102-105). bids and awards. .may create committees which shall advise local health agencies on matters such as. but not limited to. personnel discipline. budget review. personnel selection and promotion.

the development council at the provincial city.Development Councils Each local government unit shall have a comprehensive multisectoral development plan to be initiated by its development council and approved by its sanggunian. 106). and coordinating development efforts within its territorial jurisdiction (LGC. . Sec. shall assist the corresponding sanggunian in setting the direction of economic and social development. municipal. or barangay level. For this purpose.

Exercise general supervision and control over all programs. Sec. 465) . services and activities .enforce all laws and ordinances relative to governance and exercise of appropriate corporate powers .Initiate and maximize the generation of resources and revenues .Ensure the delivery of basic services and provision of adequate facilities (LGC.Implementation/Regulation Local Chief Executives . projects.

478) Local Legislative Bodies in the exercise of its oversight powers. Sec.develop and implement policies. strategies and projects to promote health (LGC. regulate acts of the executive officials/entitities . in effect.supervise health personnel .Local Health Officers/Line Agencies .provide technical support to the LCEs . plans. may.

Legislative Oversight including budget hearings Local Chief Executives Line Agencies .Monitoring Local Legislative Bodies (Sanggunians) .

hold hearings and discussion . and then the presiding officer assigns this to appropriate committee/s for study.Local Legislative Advocacy Access Points – Drafting the Resolution/Ordinance and First Reading • Policy Analysis • Political Mapping •Advocacy Planning •Network Building and Mobilization of Stakeholders Resolution/Ordinance Preparation/Person-toPerson/Research presentation/Public Consultations/Forums Support to Local Legislator Sanggunian Member's introduce an Ordinance or Resolution • Resolution and Ordinance Drafting • Developing Core messages Secretary to the Sanggunian records the Ordinance/ Resolution in Logbook •Negotiating skills • National – Local linking – mobilizing champions •Leadership Ensure assignment to proper committee Secretary reads the draft ordinance.

Conduct in-depth research and broad consultations.THINGS TO CONSIDER: Before the filing of the proposed ordinance or resolution  Draft proposed legislative measure in its proper form and in accordance with your objectives  Have a firm grasp of the issues and situation in the field. .

Master the Rules.Prepare short but concise briefs/executive summary of your proposed legislative measure Conduct briefings for prospective author(s) and technical staff/secretariat  Assist the Author(s)/sponsor (s) and Secretariat in all phases of the legislative mill. Pay attention to Procedures .

Develop and mobilize champions.business interests .parochial concerns (constituency) . Your ideal progressive legislator may not necessarily be the ideal principal sponsor of your bill.Knowledge of the issue(s) and capacity to defend the bill .party affiliation . Some factors to consider: .credibility/integrity .

Determine who are for and against your bill (political mapping). Consider also other important actors e. key secretariat or technical staff PHO/MHO.  Build broad coalitions/lobby group.g. create strong public opinion and mobilize support. . ILHZ and other crucial stakeholders  Get the support of the LCE (urgent certification).  This early. Sharpen your political intelligence.

the draft ordinance or resolution is included in the calendar of business 2nd Reading: For rule expediting floor action. the Sanggunian ends further consideration of the measure Support to Local Legislator/Person-toperson with other local legislators/Presentations-lecturesexpert advice during plenary deliberations/Advocacy materials . setting conditions for debate and amendments If no committee action is taken.Local Legislative Advocacy Access Points – Committee Action – Second Reading (1) • Training and Presentation skills • Negotiating skills • Facilitating expert briefings • Networking and Mobilization of Stakeholders •Research skills for data and evidence • Developing information education advocacy materials •Political Mapping • Leadership Training/Capability Building/Research/co nsultations/meetings activities Support to Local Legislator/Person-to-person with other local legislators/Presentations-lecturesexpert advice during committee deliberations/Advocacy materials After a favorable report of the Committee is received.

THINGS TO CONSIDER: Participation of interest groups at the committee level and second reading stage is very crucial. Get invited! Conduct briefings with legislators/ members of the Committee and the secretariat is very crucial. Make your presence felt. Work out differences or disagreements prior to the formal committee meeting/hearings. Groundwork .

Things may not be as you want them to be. Prepare for the next battle at the plenary stage and up to the provincial level. Get the ordinance out of the Committee’s hand. or simply practical. judicial.  Not all differences or disagreements in the bill may be resolved “academically” or through table discussions and debates. . Solutions may be political. and which are not. Identify which issues/provisions in the proposed legislative measure are negotiable.

The direct constituency of legislators is the best or most sensitive “pressure point.”  Monitor other ordinances/resolutions filed (Legislative Tracking) .

the ordinance or resolution is shelved in the Sanggunian archives . debate is often waived and amendments need unanimous consent at this stage: the vote following the reading is final.Local Legislative Advocacy Access Points – Committee Action – Third Reading (2) • Training and Presentation skills • Negotiating skills • Facilitating expert briefings •Networking and Mobilization of Stakeholders • Research skills for data and evidence • Developing information education advocacy materials •Political Mapping •Leadership Support to Local Legislator/Person-to-person with other local legislators/Presentationslectures-expert advice during committee deliberations/Advocacy materials 3rd Reading: After amendments have been suitably incorporated. If defeated.

it is dead . the ordinance is sent for approval to the Local Chief Executive If ordinance is voted down.Local Legislative Advocacy Access Points – Plenary Action – Approval (3) •Negotiating skills • Facilitating expert briefings •Networking and Mobilization of Stakeholders Person-to-person with Local Chief Executive/Liaison and delegation work with the Local Chief Executive if necessary/Advocacy materials • Research skills for data and evidence • Developing information education advocacy materials •Political Mapping •Leadership If passed by the Sanggunian.

ordinance becomes law is Sanggunian overrides LCE’s veto by two thirds vote •Leadership •Drafting of IRR Volunteer support for crafting implementing rules/regulations .Local Legislative Advocacy Access Points – •Negotiating skills (4) Approval • Facilitating expert briefings •Networking and Mobilization of Stakeholders • Research skills for data and evidence If feasible. redirect advocacy to garnering 2/3 vote through person-toperson advocacy. policy consultations and mobilizations • Developing information education advocacy materials •Political Mapping Approval Affixes his/her signature on each and every page of the ordinance/ resolution Veto Returns the ordinance with his/her objection to the Sanggunian.

INFLUENCE THE EXECUTION OR IMPLEMENTATION OF LAWS THROUGH IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OR EXECUTIVE ISSUANCES .

Arthur .The health of the people is really the foundation upon which all their happiness and all their powers as a state depend. Benjamin Disraeli The greatest of follies is to sacrifice health for any other kind of happiness. Schopenhauer.

SALAMAT PO! .

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