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Ethernet Access Services Definition and Implementation

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com Ralph Santitoro Director of Carrier Ethernet Solutions RSantitoro@TurinNetworks.com 2 .Co-presented by: Arie Goldberg Omnitron CEO and Founder MEF Board Member agoldberg@omnitron-systems.

Ethernet Service Delivery over Different Access Network Technologies 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT Ethernet over Fiber (EoF) Ethernet Service Provider Ethernet over SDH (EoS) 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT Ethernet can be delivered over many different types of access network technologies 3 .

Fundamental Ethernet Service Components UNI Access/Aggregation E-NNI Metro Transport / I-NNI Access/Aggregation UNI E-NNI Network Core Network Network EVC • UNI (User-to-Network Interface) – Physical interface/demarcation between service provider and subscriber – Service start/end point • NNI (Network-to-Network Interface) – Demarcation/peering point • between service providers (E-NNI) • between service provider internal networks (I-NNI) • Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) – Logical representation of an Ethernet service as defined by the associate between 2 or more UNIs These Ethernet Service components are independent of the Access or Transport Network Technology to delivery the service 4 .

1ad frames mapped to MPLS transport network – I-NNI: 1Gbps Ethernet over Fiber (802.Example of Ethernet Service Delivery over Different Access/Transport Technologies Ethernet Service Provider UNI1 PDH (E1/T1) Access E-NNI E-NNI Network Provider MPLS Transport Network I-NNI Fiber Access Network UNI2 10Mbps EVC PDH Access Network • EoPDH: N bonded E1s MPLS Transport Network • Ethernet over MPLS Fiber Access Network • Ethernet over Fiber (EoF) • PDH Access/Aggregation Network – UNI1: PDH access network bonds 5 E1s for 10Mbps EoPDH – E-NNI: 1Gbps Ethernet over Fiber (802.1ad / QinQ) • MPLS Transport Network – 802.1ad / QinQ) • Fiber Access Network – UNI2: 10Mbps Ethernet over Fiber (EoF) Subscriber is unaware of the various transport network technologies used to deliver this 10Mbps Ethernet Service 5 .

Ethernet Services and Ethernet Access to IP Services Ethernet Services are Connectivity Services – Multi-site E-LAN • Ethernet Private LAN • Transparent LAN Service • VPLS – Site-to-Site E-Line • Ethernet Private Line • Ethernet Virtual Private Line E-LAN E-Line Ethernet Access to IP Services – Provide Layer 2 connectivity to IP Service Networks • Ethernet access to Internet • Ethernet access to Managed VoIP service E-Line Internet VoIP Ethernet Service: Layer 2 Service End-to-End Ethernet Access to IP Service: Layer 2 access to IP Service 6 .

ICMP Ping Packet Delay. Packet Loss.Comparison of Ethernet L2 VPN and IP VPN Services in Access Network Ethernet L2 VPN Service • UNI • EVC (service) identified via VLAN ID • CoS identified via PCP • Forwarding on MAC or VLAN ID Service Provider IP VPN Service • Port • Service identified via IP address • CoS identified via DSCP • Forwarding on IP Address Service Attribute Customer Handoff Service Identification CoS Identification Packet/Frame Routing/Forwarding Fault Management Performance Management Ethernet Service Ethernet UNI VLAN ID / EVC PCP MAC Address (E-LAN) VLAN ID (E-Line) Link Trace. forward and process service frames 7 . Frame Delay Variation. Service Availability IP Service Ethernet port (or PDH circuit) IP Address DSCP/ToS IP Address Traceroute. Loopbacks Frame Delay. Continuity Check (Layer 2 Ping). Packet Delay Variation. Fundamental difference between Ethernet and IP Services in the access network is the information used to identify. Frame Loss Ratio.

CoS.Ethernet Access Service Attributes Ethernet Service Performance Metrics. and Fault Management 8 . Service Performance. Bandwidth Profiles.

1731 defines how to use 802.1ag to measure service performance • MEF has defined measurement framework for items 1-4 – Ethernet Frame-based measurements – MEF 10. 4.1 define Ethernet service performance 9 . FD Variation. Frame/Packet Delay (Latency) Frame/Packet Delay Variation (Jitter) Frame/Packet Loss Ratio Service Availability Frame/Packet Goodput • ITU-T has defined measurement framework/metrics for items 1-3 – IP packet-based measurements – ITU-T Y.1731 and MEF 10. ITU-T Y. 2. Frame Loss Ratio.1 defines formulae for: • Frame Delay (FD). Service Availability The combination of IEEE 802. 5.1ag. 3.Ethernet Service Performance Management • Key Metrics 1.

FLR meets its service level objectives over a measurement period – Example Availability: 99.9% (over 1 month interval) 10 .Ethernet Service Performance Metrics • Frame Delay (FD) and Frame Delay Variation (FDV) – Measured between UNI pairs via transmission and reception of a percentile of service OAM frames over a measurement period – Example: • FD: 30ms (99th percentile over 15 minute interval) • FDV: 10ms (99the percentile over 15 minute interval) – FD and FDV measurements can be One Way or Round Trip • Frame Loss Ratio (FLR) – Percentage of Green (in-profile for CIR) Ingress frames received at Egress UNI over a measurement period – Example FLR: 2% ( over 15 minute interval) • Service Availability – Percentile Amount of time.

Bandwidth Profiles (BWP) and CoS Bandwidth Profiles per EVC (service) and per CoS – CIR (Committed Information Rate) • CIR assured via Bandwidth Reservation and Traffic Engineering – EIR (Excess Information Rate) • EIR bandwidth is considered ‘excess’ • Traffic dropped at congestion points in the network – CBS/EBS (Committed/Excess Burst Size) • Higher burst size results in improved performance EVC-1 EVC-2 EIR EVC-3 1Mbps CIR for VoIP 6Mbps CIR for VPN data traffic CoS 6 10Mbps UNI (port) BWPs can divide bandwidth per EVC (service) over a single UNI – Multiple services over same port (UNI) – CoS markings enable the network to determine the network QoS to provide UNI EVC1 CoS 2 EVC2 3Mbps for Internet Access CIR defines the assured bandwidth EIR improves the network’s Goodput 11 .

Ethernet Service Connectivity Fault Management • IEEE 802. Link Trace. Loopbacks • CCMs initiated between: – Management Endpoints (MEPs / UNIs) – Management Intermediate Points (MIPs / NNIs) – Management Endpoints and Intermediate Points (UNI-NNI) Connectivity Fault Management provided by Carrier Ethernet network elements and NIDs 12 .1ag for EVC Connectivity Fault Management – For Protection/Restoration • Connectivity Check Messages (CCMs) for heartbeats – For diagnostic purposes • Connectivity Check (Layer 2 Ping).

Ethernet Link Fault Management • IEEE 802.3ah for Link Fault Management for (first mile) Ethernet access connection – Link Fault Detection and Remote Loopbacks • Layer 1 fault management used for transport connections used to deliver Ethernet services – – – – Ethernet over PDH Ethernet over SDH Ethernet over DSL Ethernet over HFC Coax Ethernet Link Fault Management performed by Carrier Ethernet network elements and NIDs 13 .

Ethernet Service Continuity Check UNI Access Network Metro Aggregation Network IP/MPLS Core Network Metro Aggregation Network UNI Access Network MEP#1 MIP MEP #1 CCMs sent every 10ms on working/protect paths Check for CCMs received from MEP #2 on working/protect paths MEP #2 CCMs sent every 10ms Check for CCMs received from MEP #1 MIP MIP MIP MEP #2 MIP MIP MEP #2 Initiate protection switchover Maintenance Association (MA) MEP #1 Report CC fault to management system MEP #2 Report on CC fault if no CCMs are received from MEP #1 for 30ms MEP #1 No CCMs received from MEP #2 within 30ms (3 x 10ms) MEP #1 Send CCMs with RDI flag set MEP #2 Remote alarm detected by received RDI Report alarm to management system Ethernet continuity check is analogous to IP’s Ping but does much more 14 .

Ethernet Link Trace UNI Access Network Metro Aggregation Network IP/MPLS Core Network Metro Aggregation Network UNI Access Network MEP MIP MIP MIP MIP MEP Link trace Reply Ethernet Link Trace is analogous to IP’s Traceroute 15 .

MPLS – Perform just Ethernet OAM instead of Ethernet OAM and Ethernet + MPLS (OAM) + IP OAM for fault management OAM • Multi-site connectivity • Simpler to add new location to an E-LAN service (auto learning) • In many cases. simpler to deploy L2 multipoint services 16 .Some Benefits of Ethernet L2 VPN versus IP VPN L2 VPN Service Benefit • No IP awareness required – Especially important with IPv6 applications Enterprise Benefits • No service provider coordination of IP addresses • No concerns of service provider’s IPv6 capabilities Service Provider Benefits • No need for service provider to have IPv6capable routers • Fault management • Simpler OAM (lower OpEx) by managing a single network layer – Ethernet OAM versus IP.

Summary • Ethernet Service are agnostic of the Access or Transport Network Technology – Facilitates a common service portfolio for all markets • Ethernet Service can be: – A Layer 2 Connectivity Service (E-Line or E-LAN L2 VPN) – A Layer 1 Private Line Replacement (EPL) – A Layer 2 access connection to an IP Service • Ethernet Access to Internet • Managed IP VPN or VoIP service 17 .

Presentation available for download at: http://MetroEthernetForum.org/Presentations 18 .