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Time and Distance Formulas

Steve Tuckerman 11 th Grade Mathematics Education page

What are Time and Distance formulas?

Time and Distance Formulas relate time, distance, and speed. These relationships have many practical applications. Right now, Jeff Gordon is trying to decide how fast he has to go to pass Jimmie Johnson.

How to get around in this lesson

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There will be a series of buttons to choose from. Forward and backward buttons are located on the bottom of the slide. The home button returns you to the main menu Quizzes have answer buttons. Click on the button that you think is the right answer. Answer buttons look like this:

Main Menu

Tutorial Quiz One: Given rate and time, calculate distance. Quiz Two: Given distance and time, calculate pace. Quiz Three: Convert minutes per mile to miles per hour.

Why do you need to know the Time and Distance Formula?
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To figure how long a trip will take To see how far you can go in a set amount of time To see how fast you took a trip To compare different trips

For example. write the question as miles divided by hours. Translate the question into mathematical terms. . if you are asked miles per hour.Steps in solving Time and Distance Formulas  Step 1.

every time must be placed in terms of hours. For example.Steps in solving Time and Distance Formulas  Step 2. Put everything in constant units. and every distance must be placed in terms of miles. . if the question asks miles per hour.

60 minutes in an hour. .Conversion Units   Remember: There are 60 seconds in a minute. Remember: There are 12 inches in a foot. and 24 hours in a day. and 5280 feet in a mile. 3 feet in a yard.

To convert hours to minutes. multiply by 60 To convert days to hours. divide by 24 .Time Conversions       To convert minutes to hours. divide by 60 To convert minutes to seconds. divide by 60. multiply by 60 To convert seconds to minutes. multiply by 24 To convert hours to days.

divide by 12 To convert feet to inches.Measurement Conversions     To convert inches to feet. multiply by 5280 . multiply by 12 To convert feet to miles. divide by 5280 To convert miles to feet.

Write the equation you want to solve. Be careful about what you multiply. and what you divide! . Use the correct formula to solve it.   Step 3.

What are the basic formulas?     Distance = Rate * Time (d = r * t) Rate = Distance / Time (r =d/ t) Time = Distance / Rate (t = d / r) Be sure you use the right formula! .

you are left with miles. multiply miles per hour (rate) times the number of hours. to find miles.To find distance  Distance = Rate * Time (d = r * t) For example. Miles = Miles x Hours Hours The hours cancel. .

divide miles driven by the number of hours driven.To find the rate of speed  Rate = Distance / Time (r =d/ t) To find miles per hour. .

to divide fractions.To find the time it takes to travel. flip and multiply Hours = Miles x Hours Miles Miles cancel.  Time = Distance / Rate (t = d / r) Hours = Miles_____ Miles/Hour Remember. you are left with hours .

Quiz 1  How far can you go in 30 minutes at 55 miles per hour? Bowser wants to go skiing with his friends. .

to convert minutes to hours. so time must be in hours Remember.Step one    Put in constant units Rate was given in miles per hour. divide by 60 .

Answer  A. 30 hours . 2 hours  B.5 hours  C.Question 1 What time should be used?  We are given 30 minutes. 0. We want the answer in hours.

. Bowser’s friends are still waiting. divide by the number of minutes by 60. to convert minutes to hours. You divided by 15.  Nice try. Remember.

 Nice try. Bowser’s friends are still waiting. . You just changed minutes into hours.

or 0. . Bowser goes skiing with his friends.5 hours. Nice job! The time is one half hour.

Distance = 0. Distance = 55 miles / 0. how do you calculate how far you can go? A.5 hours Remember the basic formulas! .5 hours times 55 miles per hour C. Distance = 0.Question 2     Now.5 hours / 55 miles per hour B.

If distance equals rate times time. not divide. Distance = Rate * Time (d = r * t)  . Nice try. then you must multiply.

Hours  B. or 27.5 27.Question 3  Well done. Speed . Distance equals rate times time. You have the formula correct. so distance equals 0.5 is in what units?  A. Miles  C.5 times 55.

so the answer is in miles . we were talking about miles per hour. Nice try. Remember.

 Well done.5 miles in 30 minutes traveling at 55 miles per hour. click the right arrow . You can go 27.  Are you ready for another quiz? If so.

If a marathon is 26. and 52 seconds.Quiz 2  Joan Benoit won the 1984 Olympic marathon in 2 hours. 24 minutes.22 miles. what was her average pace in minutes per mile? .

If it took Joan 2 hours. and we are interested in her pace in minutes per mile. 24 minutes.Question 1     The first step is to put everything in constant units. and 52 seconds to run her race. what is our first step? Place everything in terms of hours Place everything in terms of minutes Place everything in terms of seconds .

 Nice try. so we need to know how many minutes she was running. . We want to know how many minutes it took Joan to run each mile.

 Well done. . Since we want to know Joan’s average pace in terms of minutes per mile. we need to put everything in terms of minutes.

Question 2  We know that Joan’s time was 2 hours. 52 seconds. What formula gives us the number of minutes? . 24 minutes.

Everything has to be in terms of minutes. multiply by 60. . to convert hours to minutes. To convert seconds to minutes. divide by 60. Remember.

   2 times 60 plus 24 plus 52 2 times 60 plus 24 plus 52/60 2 times 60 plus 24 plus 52/100 Remember. you are converting 2 hours. 24 minutes. . 52 seconds to minutes.

divide by 60. Remember. To convert hours to minutes. multiply by 60. we want the answer in minutes. To convert seconds to minutes. You forgot to convert seconds to minutes. . Nice try.

multiply by 60. To convert hours to minutes. we want the answer in minutes. To convert seconds to minutes. Remember. Nice try. . You divided seconds by 100. divide by 60.

All units are now in minutes. and add 52 seconds / 60 seconds in a minute. add the 24 minutes.87 minutes . Well done. The answer is 2 times 60 plus 24 plus 52/60. You multiply 2 hours times 60 minutes per hour. The correct answer is 144.

525.22/144.18 minutes per mile .   144.22 miles in 144.87/26.87 = . she ran 26. or 5 minutes 31 seconds per mile 26.Question 3  What was Joan’s average pace per mile? Remember.87 minutes.22 = 5.

you divide the number of minutes she was running by the number of miles she ran. Remember. . we wanted Joan’s pace in minutes per mile. Therefore. You did it backwards. Nice try.

How far can you run at that pace? Click the right arrow for the next quiz. . Well done. Joan’s average pace per mile in the 1984 Olympic marathon was 5 minutes and 31 seconds per mile.

Quiz 3  We know that Joan Benoit ran the 26.22 mile Olympic marathon at an average pace of 5 minutes and 31 seconds per mile. What was her speed in miles per hour? .

We are interested in miles per hour.Step one  First. so we need to convert minutes to hours. we have to put everything in constant units. .

Question 1 How do you convert minutes to hours?    Multiply the number of minutes by 60 Divide the number of minutes by 60 Multiply by 24 .

You multiplied by 60. Remember. you have to divide the number of minutes by 60. . Nice try.

. You multiplied by 24. You should have divided by 60. Nice try.

so you divide the number of minutes by 60.Question 2   Well done. There are 60 minutes in an hour. How do you convert 5 minutes and 31 seconds into hours? .

Divide 5. Multiply 5. add to 5. First convert 31 seconds into minutes.   A. then divide by 60 C.31 by 60 B.31 times 24 .

 Nice try. you need to convert everything into minutes. . Remember. You forgot to make this conversion. so you have to convert seconds into minutes.

you need to convert everything to minutes. Nice try. . You tried to convert to days. Remember.

The answer is . First. How do you convert one mile in . Joan ran each mile in .52. 31/60 = . Then. divide by 60.52 to 5 minutes to get 5.092 hours into miles per hour? .092.092 hours. convert the 31 seconds into minutes. add the . Now.52.Question 3   Well done.

.092 X = 10.9 miles per hour.    1 mile divided by .092 times x miles X miles = 1/.092 hours equals x miles divided by one hour Cross multiply: 1 mile times 1 hour = .

click here.  Congratulations on completing your first lesson on time and distance formulas.html  To return to the beginning. Return to education. .