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Environment Protection Regulations

(COPENHAGEN CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE: 7-18 DEC 2009)

Ministers from China, Brazil, India and South Africa going to meet with the COP President for consultations

Presented By:Manish Kumar(07137) Ram Murari Dwivedi(07159)

Copenhagen
• The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, begins on 7th Dec and was concluded on 18 December 2009.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNFCCC AND THE KYOTO PROTOCOL

• The international political response to climate change began with the adoption of the UNFCCC in 1992. • In December 1997, delegates at COP 3 in Kyoto, Japan, agreed to a Protocol to the UNFCCC.

Purpose
• Creating international awareness of the importance of the Copenhagen UN Climate Summit and the successor treaty to the Kyoto Protocol. • Promoting constructive dialogue between government, business, and science. • Inspiring global business leaders by demonstrating that tackling climate change also has the potential to create huge opportunities for innovation and economic growth.

Membership
• Business leader • Scientists • Policy makers

The Councilors
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tim Flannery, Chairman of Copenhagen Climate Council, Writer and Scientist Erik Rasmussen, Founder, Copenhagen Climate Council; CEO and Editorin Chief, Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary Shai Agassi, CEO and Founder, Project Better Place Carsten Bjerg, CEO, Grundfos David Blood, Senior Partner, Generation Investment Management Sir Richard Branson, Founder and CEO, Virgin Group James Cameron, Vice Chairman, Climate Change Capital Subhash Chandra, Chairman of Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited Jørgen Mads Clausen, CEO, Danfoss Samuel A. DiPiazza, Jr. , CEO of PricewaterhouseCoopers International Limited Anders Eldrup, President of DONG Energy Denmark Ditlev Engel, CEO, Vestas Wind Systems A/S Yoichi Funabashi, Editorin Chief, The Asahi Shimbun Lord Michael Jay, Baron Jay of Ewelme Globe International Advisory Board Member and Lord Jay of Ewelme

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Daniel M. Kammen , Professor and Co Director, Berkeley Institute of the Environment Sir David King, Scientist and Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford Lise Kingo, Executive Vice President and Chief of Staffs, Novo Nordisk Thomas E. Lovejoy, President, H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and Environment James Lovelock, Scientist, inventor and author Rob Morrison, Chairman, CLSA Asia Pacific Markets Paul S. Otellini, President and Chief Executive Officer, Intel Robert Purves, AM Chair of Environment Business Australia and board member James E. Rogers, Chairman of the Board, President and CEO, Duke Energy Dr. Zhengrong Shi, Chairman of the Board and CEO, Suntech Power Björn Stigson, President, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sir Crispin Tickell, Director of the Policy Foresight Programmer, James Martin Institute for Science and Civilization, Oxford University Moses Tsang, CEO, Ajia Partners Jens UlltveitMoe, CEO, Umoe AS Li Xiaolin , Vice Chairman and CEO, China Electric Power International Co. Ltd.

The Copenhagen Decisions

A shared vision on long-term cooperative action • All Parties shall enhance their contribution to long-term cooperative action. • Developed country Parties shall not resort to any form of unilateral climate

Enhanced action on adaptation • Adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change arising from the historical cumulative green house gases (GHG) emissions of developed country Parties, poses a serious threat to economic and social development. • The COP shall adopt the rules and modalities for operationalization of the framework and its bodies, with a view to finish its work at the latest by the COP16.

Mitigation commitments by developed country Parties • All Annex I Parties to the Convention shall, in accordance with their commitments of the Convention, undertake ambitious national economywide binding targets for quantified emission reduction commitments of at least 45% of the 1990 levels by 2020 and adopt policies and actions accordingly to achieve these targets.

Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties in the context of economic development

• Non Annex I Parties to the Convention may, based on their specific national circumstances and in the context of their national economic development, take mitigation actions including appropriate strategies, policies, plans, programs, projects and other activities.

Mitigation actions in forestry by developing country Parties • Developed country Parties shall provide adequate, predictable and sustained financing, technology and capacity building.

Response Measures • An appropriate forum shall be established under the Convention to give full consideration to what actions are necessary to address the potential economic and social consequences and impacts of the design, selection and implementation of response measures.

A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF THE COPENHAGEN CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE
• The UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen was, in many ways, an historic event. • It marked the culmination of two years of intensive negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). • Millions of people around the world hoped that “Copenhagen” would be a turning point in the battle against climate change. The high-level segment brought together 115 Heads of State and Government, and was widely reported as one of the largest high-level gathering outside New York. • More than 40,000 people applied for accreditation for the Conference, far exceeding the 15,000 capacity of the Conference venue. Large, and at times violent, demonstrations took place in Copenhagen during the Conference as people urged the world’s leaders to reach a meaningful agreement.

NEXT MEETING…..
• INTERGOVERNMENTAL MEETING FOR THE HIGH-LEVEL TASKFORCE ON THE GLOBAL FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE SERVICES: This meeting took place from 11-12 January 2010, in Geneva, Switzerland. This meeting was being organized following a decision of the World Climate Conference 3 (WCC-3), which called for the establishment of the High Level Taskforce on the Global Framework for Climate Services.

References
• The Copenhagen Decisions Submission on the outcome of the Ad Hoc Working Group o Long Term Cooperative Action under the Convention under item 3. • Earth Negotiations Bulletin. Vol. 12 No. 459,Published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IIS D ) Tuesday, 22 December 2009 .