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AFE

Active Front End

Overview
What is an Active Front End (AFE)? Use of AFE Product Overview Abbreviations and Concept Declarations Drive possibilities Examples for calculations

Altivar Active Front End

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Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

What is an AFE?

Active Front End


Schneider Electric - Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009 3

Altivar Active Front End

>

Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

Use of Active Front End


Reduce the mains current harmonics
Only sine wave input current into the AFE

with standard ATV 61/71

with Active Front End

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

Use of Active Front End


Saving energy by reducing the share of reactive power
Cos (phi) und (lambda) = 1 => THDi < 4%

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

Use of Active Front End


Return excess energy to the mains
Recuperative 4-quadrant operation standard

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

Use of Active Front End


Low Harmonic Application Examples
Pumps
Fans Compressors

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

Use of Active Front End


4-Quadrant Application Examples
Crane applications (hoists, long-travels, ...)
Downhill conveyors, winches, escalators Complex drive systems Test benches and high dynamic drives Pump/turbine combinations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

Altivar Active Front End

>

Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

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Product Overview
Active Front End

Components
Line Filter Module Line Filter Choke Active Infeed Converter

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Product Overview
Power range
120860kW

Power Factor
Cos=1 const.

Voltage Ranges
3 AC 380480V (120675kW) 3 AC 500690V (145860kW)

Protection degree
Built-in units IP00

Interfaces
Removable operating panel Control terminals can be extended Fieldbus connection via Modbus or CANopen

Mains frequency
50/60 Hz 5%

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Altivar Active Front End

>

Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

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Abbreviations and Concept Declarations


AFE =>
LFM LFC AIC

Active Front End


=> => => Line Filter Module Line Filter Choke Active Infeed Converter

ATV => INV => M =>

Altivar(61/71) Inverter (ATV61/71) Motor

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Altivar Active Front End

>

Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

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Drive possibilities
Low harmonic drive 1:1 application

Low harmonic drive ATV61/71 with an Active Front End in series

Spare parts of AIC and INV up to 90 % identical


THD(i) value < 4%

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Drive possibilities
4-quadrant single drive 1:1 application

The same advantages as the Low Harmonic Drive

4-quadrant drive with variable energy and speed direction


E.g. at lowering a load, the energy is feed back to the mains

Changing from motor to generator is shock free

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Drive possibilities
Common DC bus 1:n application

Low harmonic drive advantages

Active Front End with several Inverters via a common DC bus link
E.g. roller conveyors, motor test benches and group drives in sheet metal processing machines

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Drive possibilities
Active Front End units parallel n:n application Several Active Front End units parallel with several Inverters Advantages
A higher supply / regenerating power An increased reliability due to redundancy The use of smaller units e.g. adapted to the size of the inverter in order to reduce the spare parts

Depending on power demand, individual Active Front End units can be locked or released during operation. Connection and disconnection must be only executed with no voltage!
Schneider Electric - Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009 19

Altivar Active Front End

>

Overview > What is an Active Front End (AFE) > Use of AFE > Product Overview > Abbreviations and Concept Declarations > Drive possibilities > Examples for calculations

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008

20

Examples for calculations


Example 1: Common DC bus

Check the Inverter on p. 84 in the selection guide for DC power Check the capacity of both Inverters (p. 84 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Examples for calculations


Example 1: Common DC bus

Calculate the total capacity and the output power

Find the appropriate AFE for 100kW and 34mF (common DC bus: p.36 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Examples for calculations


Example 2: Common DC bus

Check the Inverter on p. 84 in the selection guide for DC power

Check the capacity of all six Inverters (p. 84 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Examples for calculations


Example 2: Common DC bus

Calculate the total capacity and the output power

Find the appropriate AFE for 204kW and 12mF (common DC bus: p.36 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Examples for calculations


Active Front End units parallel: 3

Check the Inverter on p. 84 in the selection guide for DC power

Check the capacity of all five Inverters (p. 84 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Examples for calculations


Active Front End units parallel: 3

Calculate the total capacity and the output power

Find the appropriate AFE for 510kW and 59.5mF each (AFE units parallel: p.50 and 51 in the selection guide)

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - Active Front End Module 1 12/2009

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Motion & Drives training

Any questions?
Schneider Electric - Motion & Drives training - Title of the training module 23/04/2008 27

Motion & Drives training

Thanks!
Make the most of your energy
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