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HVAC applications

Motion & Drives Training

HVAC Applications
Summary

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Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1

30/05/2008

Summary
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HVAC Applications
Summary

> > > > > > > >

Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1

30/05/2008

Summary
3

Introduction
What is HVAC ?
High Voltage AC drives ?

● HVAC H HV stands for Heating , Ventilation, Air Conditioning ● These 3 functions are closely interrelated in buildings. ● Pumping functions are also often used in Buildings applications.

● HVAC is based on the basic principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfers.

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1

30/05/2008

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Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 5 .Introduction Why HVAC ? In every kind of buildings The aims of HVAC applications are ● Provide thermal comfort ● Provide acceptable indoor air quality ● Improve the commissioning of installations ● Reduce the maintenance costs Schneider Electric .

builds and sets up HVAC systems and equipments. ● “Building services” designers and engineers are required by law : 1. Schneider Electric . selects.Motion & Drives training . 2. Analyze.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 6 . design and specification of HVAC systems by engineering services. Building and commissioning by specialty mechanical contractors. Building permits and code compliance inspections of the installations are required.Introduction HVAC market The HVAC Market is strictly regulated by law : ● Few regulation : Only one contractor who “sizes”.

York .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 7 . Wolf. Trane . … ● 80% Mechanical contractors ● Our main competitor in HVAC : ● Danfoss .Introduction Where is HVAC market ? ● HVAC Market : ● 20% OEM ● Mc Quay . ABB . Yaskawa .… Schneider Electric . Carrier .

● Water stage : ● The most efficient and cheap medium that we can cool (through a chiller) or heat (through a boiler) ● Air stage : ● The medium for heat exchange in the building.Introduction Heating and Cooling ● Heating and Cooling solutions : ● Water Stage. Summary 8 Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 . ● Can be cooled or heated through coils.Motion & Drives training . ● Air Stage.

HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 9 .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Pumping Ventilation Heating Air Conditioning Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 10 .

HVAC Systems Ventilation Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 11 .Motion & Drives training .

● Methods for ventilating a building may be : ● Mechanical or forced ventilation (with fans) ● Natural ventilation (without fan) Schneider Electric . dust and airborne bacteria.Motion & Drives training . odors. smoke. heat.HVAC Systems Ventilation ● Ventilation is the process of "changing" or replacing of air in any space to remove moisture.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 12 .

HVAC Systems Ventilation : How to move and mix the air ? Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 13 .Motion & Drives training .

HVAC Systems Ventilation : Air Handler Unit Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 14 .Motion & Drives training .

HVAC Systems Ventilation : Other units Pipes.Motion & Drives training . Ducts and “Diffusers” Cooling tower fans Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 15 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 16 .HVAC Systems Heating and Air Conditioning Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .

● Heat transfer systems.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 17 . ● Heat Production. ● Heating elements to transfer the heat to the air ● Radiators or Vents.HVAC Systems Heating ● Heating is the process to maintain a closed area to a certain temperature with a cool external atmosphere. Schneider Electric . ● Boilers. steam or air. furnaces or heat pumps to heat water.Motion & Drives training . ● Heating systems may be central or local. ● Ductwork or Piping.

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 18 .HVAC Systems Heating : Boilers Dual fuel Boilers Gas Boilers Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .

● Cold = absence of heat.HVAC Systems Air Conditioning ● Air Conditioning and refrigeration are provided through the removal of heat.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 19 .Motion & Drives training . Schneider Electric . ● All air conditioning systems work on basic principle of removing heat. ● The aim is to maintain temperature with a comfortable range.

● From liquid to gas. solid  liquid  ● Heat must be removed to a substance to make it changes of state : solid ● From gas to liquid. gas Schneider Electric .HVAC Systems Refrigeration : The states of the matter  liquid  ● Heat must be added to a substance to make it changes of state : gas ● From solid to liquid. ● From liquid to solid.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 20 .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Refrigeration cycle The refrigeration cycle consists of 5 essential elements to create a cooling effect : ● A refrigerant ● Liquid or gas ● absorbs heat from one area and relocates it to another one. Summary 21 . the fluid evaporates.  ● A condenser ●  . ● A compressor ● Gas pressure . vapor condenses to a fluid.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 . ● An expansion valve ● Fluid pressure ● An evaporator ●  Schneider Electric .

Motion & Drives training . Centrifugal Water cooled Schneider Electric . ● Reject heat to the atmosphere.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 22 . ● 2 main types of chillers : Air cooled ● Air cooled chiller : ● Located outside the building. ● Water cooled chiller : ● Located within the building.HVAC Systems Air Conditioning : Chillers ● Function : Generate cooling for removing heat from a building. ● Use cooling towers outside to reject the heat. ● More efficient than air-cooled.

● Their fans remove heat from water. ● The fan speed is controlled to maintain the optimal condenser water temperature.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 27 . Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Air Conditioning : Cooling Tower Fan ● Cooling towers are important parts of many HVAC systems.

● Cooling mode. ● Reversible device. ● Heating mode Schneider Electric .HVAC Systems Heat Pump ● Machine or device that moves heat from one location to another one.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 28 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 29 .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Heat Pump : Cooling Mode Schneider Electric .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 30 .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Heat Pump : Heating Mode Schneider Electric .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 31 .HVAC Systems Heat Pumps Schneider Electric .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Systems Example : Chilled Water System Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 32 .

HVAC Systems Example : Chilled Water System .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 33 .Where are the Drives ? Fan Cooling tower Compressor Pump Pump Condenser Pump Chiller Chilled Water Pump Schneider Electric .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 34 .HVAC Systems Pumping Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .

… Schneider Electric . Green watering. Condenser pumps.Motion & Drives training . Chiller compressors. Chilled pumps.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 35 .HVAC Systems Pumping ● Pumps are used in a lot of HVAC applications : ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Water circulation in central heating. Waterworks. Industrial washing machines. … ● Pumps are also used in buildings for other pumping applications : Water distribution.

cheaper ● smaller sized units ● Rotary screw : ● Compact ● Power range : 150 to 1500 kw ● Rotary scroll : ● 10% more efficient than the other types ● smaller sized units such as unitary heat pumps ● Rotary centrifugal : ● used for large chillers.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 36 . above 500kw Schneider Electric .HVAC Systems Pumping : Compressors ● Different types of compressors : ● Reciprocating (Piston) : ● more common.

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 37 .

Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 38 .Motion & Drives training .Energy Savings Electricity Consumption For the processes and the building utilities : ● 72 % of consumed electricity are used to turn motors ● 63 % of this energy is used for the fluid applications Compression 30 % Process 37 % In a typical building : Pumping 20 % Ventilation 13 % ● 50% of all energy is used is for HVAC operations. ● Electricity consumption growth for air conditioning was around 55% in the last 10 years.

pumps. compressors. ● Relevant applications : fans.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 39 . ● Affinity laws of centrifugal loads : Flow = f (motor speed) Pressure = f (motor speed)2 Power = f (motor speed)3 ● So. a small reduction in speed produces a significant reduction in power. Schneider Electric . the volume of air or water decreases directly with fan or pump speed.Energy Savings Laws for Centrifugal Loads ● It ’s pure physics : due to the laws that govern centrifugal fans and pumps.Motion & Drives training .

. ● Motor speed = nominal speed ● Flow variation is obtained by device of restriction or pressure loss . Schneider Electric ..valve.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 40 .Energy Savings Conventional Installation ● Motor supply : direct on line. incliner. ● The flow reduction makes fall very little the absorptive power.

● Flow variation is obtained directly by varying the motor speed. ● Elimination of the restriction device.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 41 . Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .Energy Savings Installation with VSD Drives ● Motor supplied with a Variable Speed Drive. ● The flow reduction drops considerably the absorbed power.

Motion & Drives training . Power ● Fixed motor speed.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary . 100 % 90 % 80 % 70 % 60 % 50 % 40 %  Suction valve  Outlet valve 30 % 20 % 10 % 0% 10 20 30 40  Outlet valve  Suction valve 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow 42 Schneider Electric .Energy Savings : Fans The Fan Power Curve Conventional installation : ● Variation in flow obtained by a load loss system (outlet or suction valve).

Energy Savings : Fans The Fan Power Curve Variable speed drive installation : ● Variation in flow obtained by varying the motor speed. Flow regulation : 80% of nominal flow  Outlet valve The power consumption is 95% of nominal power Power 100 % 90 % 80 % 70 % 60 % 50 % 40 % 30 % 20 % 10 % 0% 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow 43  Variable speed drive The power consumption is 50% of nominal power  Outlet valve  Suction valve  VSD drive Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary .

flow rate and pressure ● They are used in a host of applications.Motion & Drives training .Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Introduction ● Centrifugal pumps cover a very wide spectrum in terms of power. notably in the water sector ● This is the most widespread type of pump ● 60% to 90% of pumps are centrifugal pumps Surface Pump Main Applications : • Fluid transfer • Water supply • Irrigation • Flood control Submersible Pumps Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 44 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 45 . which is then converted into : ● Potential energy (represented by the pressure) ● Kinetic energy (represented by the flow rate).Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Principle ● The principle involves actuating an impeller that transfers mechanical energy to the fluid.Motion & Drives training . ● Their resisting torque varies with the square of the speed T= kN² Torque Tn Nominal Torque 50% 25% Starting Torque 50% Schneider Electric 70% Nn Speed .

● Best Efficiency Point BEP Schneider Electric .Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Fundamental Characteristics ● The major parameters used in pumping are : ● Flow rate Q : Volume of fluid transported per unit of time (m3/s) ● Head H : Pressure at a given point of circuit expressed in m as the height of the fluid in vertical column ● A pump’s Total Dynamic Head TDH represents the pressure differential between the inlet and the outlet expressed as the fluid column height BEP ● Pressure P expressed in Pascal (Pa) ● Pu = ρ g H Q ρ : density of the fluid (kg/m3) g : acceleration due to gravity (9.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 46 .81 m/s²) ● Mechanical power : P = (1 / η) Pu ● The pump’s efficiency η which varies with the flow rate.

Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Operating Point ● Simplified distribution circuit : ● Z : Water column height between the suction point and the point at which the fluid is used. Schneider Electric . Proportional to the square of the flow rate. ● R : Head loss due to frictions in the conduits.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 47 .Motion & Drives training . ● Operating Point : intersection between circuit and pump curves.

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 48 .Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Varying the Flow Rate at a Fixed Speed ● Use of downstream valves from the pump : ● Reduction of the effective cross-section of the pipe downstream from the pump ● Increase in head loss in the circuit ● Pressure increases at the outlet ● Dissipation of energy in the fluid Energy Lost B A C ● Using a by-pass circuit : ● By-pass valve which returns some of pumped fluid back to the source ● Flow rate is closely controlled ● Drawback : low energy efficiency C A Schneider Electric .

Energy Savings : Centrifugal Pumps Varying the Flow Rate at a Variable Speed ● Use a variable speed drive : ● Reduction of the flow rate by altering the pump’s rotational speed ● The TDH curve at lower speed has homologous form (parabola) than nominal curve Energy Saved compared to By-Pass Valve Energy Saved compared to Downstream Valve B A A C C ● We can observe a significant reduction in power in the variable speed configuration Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 49 .

Energy Savings : Other Pumps Rotodynamic Pumps ● Lob Pumps ● Gear Pumps Peristaltic Pump ● Screw Pumps.Motion & Drives training . cavity pumps Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 50 .

Energy Savings : Other Pumps
Rotary Volumetric Pumps ● Their torque characteristic is not quadratic.
● We can consider as constant torque load T=kN ● The real torque profile depends on the pump’s technology

● ATV61 can be adapted to this load if the starting torque is < 110% - 120%
Torque Tn Nominal Torque

Main Applications :
• Viscous

fluid transfer (Oil)

• Compressors
Starting Torque Speed Nn ● Example : Torque profile for a screw pump
Schneider Electric - Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008

• Vacuum Pumps

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Energy Savings : Other Pumps
Reciprocating-type Pumps ● Piston pumps ● Torque constant load and high starting torque

● ATV61 is not adapted to this load. It’s a ATV71’s domain
Main Applications :
Torque Cn High Starting Torque
• Dosage

Nominal Torque

• High Pressure

Speed Nn
Schneider Electric - Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008

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Energy Savings : Other Pumps
Energy Savings ● With non centrifugal pumps the savings are less than with centrifugal pump.

● But, anyway, the fact to reduce the speed for varying the flow rate allows energy savings compared to fixed speed pumps.

A C

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1

30/05/2008

Summary
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Energy Savings
The Drive Benefits The Benefits to use variable speed drives are : ● An optimized electric consumption.

● Savings in electricity costs between 15 and over 50% are achieved.
● Enhanced performances. ● More comfortable utilization.

● Easier installation.
● Significant reduction of noise pollution. ● Allow to save money. ● Very quick return on investment : between 9 and 24 months.

Schneider Electric

- Motion & Drives training - HVAC Applications V1

30/05/2008

Summary
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● Help for sales promotion. ● Estimation based on on the motor characteristics and the operating cycle.Energy Savings ECO 8 Software ● ECO8 software : ● Demonstration of Electric Savings.Motion & Drives training . ● Result sheets : ● Power consumption with and without drive ● Savings made ● Time for return on investment Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 55 .

HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 56 .Motion & Drives training .

Altivar 21 ● Altivar 21 is a range of Drives specially designed for HVAC applications in Residential market ● Power range from 0.75 to 75 KW Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 57 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 58 .Motion & Drives training .Altivar 21 Main Features IP20 ● Benefit from all indispensable functions for fans and pumps functions. ● International Standards and Certifications : ● CE. ● Integrated EMC class A or B filters.75 to 75 KW ● 3-phases 200-240V and 3-phases 400-480V. ● “Harmonic less” technology. ● UL type 1 / IP20 or IP54 ranges. C-Tick … IP54 Schneider Electric . UL. ● Variable Torque offer for 3-phases asynchronous motors : ● Power range from 0. CSA. ● THDI < 30% without added devices.

Schneider Electric .Altivar 21 Main Features ● Economical. ● Remote Terminal. ● Easy integration in the machines. ● “Harmonic less” technology. ● Adaptive tuning of ramps.Motion & Drives training . ● Energy Savings. ● Simple. ● Special “Energy Savings” law for Motor Control. ● Easy to use : ● “Plug and Drive” usage.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 59 . ● Safe. ● Compact. ● Protections of the motors and the drives. ● Specially designed to optimize HVAC needs.

LONWORKS APOGEE FLN BAC NET ● Optional communication board for main types of bus used in building management : ● ● ● ● LonWorks BACnet METASYS N2 APOGEE FLN METASYS N2 Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .Altivar 21 Open communication .Option ● Modbus protocol integrated as standard.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 60 .

Altivar 21 ATV 21 Ventilation functions. ● Safety : ● Detection of fan belt breakage. ● Monitoring : ● Diagnostics. ● Automatic Restart. catch on the fly. ● Noise reduction : ● Jump frequencies. ● V/Hz Energy Saving law. ● Built-in protections Summary 61 Schneider Electric . ● Energy Savings : ● Management of Electricity consumption.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 .Motion & Drives training . alarms.

30/05/2008 Schneider Electric . ● Energy Savings : ● Management of Electricity consumption. ● Continuity of service : ● Fallback position. ● Limitation of operating time at low speed. ● Automatic/manual operation. ● Protection of pumps overheating. alarms. ● Quadratic law command for centrifugal pumps (Kn²). ● Monitoring : ● Diagnostics.HVAC Applications V1 Summary 62 .Altivar 21 ATV 21 Pumping functions. ● Safety and protection of pumps : ● Over-current detection.Motion & Drives training .

● Energy Savings : ● Management of Electricity consumption.Altivar 21 ATV 21 Heating and Air Conditioning functions. ● V/Hz Energy Saving law. ● Noise and resonance reduction : ● Adjustable switching frequency up to 16kHz during operation. ● Quadratic law for centrifugal pumps. ● Adjustment of flow rates on the basis of actual needs. ● PID Regulator ● Monitoring and safety : ● Diagnostics. alarms.Motion & Drives training . Schneider Electric . ● Jump frequencies.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 63 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 64 .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .

Altivar 61 ● Altivar 61 is a range of Drives specially designed for HVAC applications and Pumping in industrial and commercial buildings. ● Power range from 0.75 to 630 KW Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 65 .

CSA. GOST. NOM 117. ● Class A or B EMC filters and DC Choke can be integrated or in option depending on each size type. ● New range : 3-phases 690V up to 1200 KW ● UL type 1 / IP20 or UL type 12 / IP54 ranges.Motion & Drives training . ● International Standards and Certifications : ● CE. UL. ● Variable Torque offer for 3-phases asynchronous motors : ● Power range from 0.75 to 630 KW IP54 ● 3-phases 200-240V and 3-phases 400-480V. … Schneider Electric . C-Tick. DNV.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 66 .Altivar 61 Main Features IP20 ● ATV 61 is an ideal Solution for fluid processing installations with numerous functions for climate and hydraulic applications.

● Numerous built-in maintenance. ● Macro-applications. …) ● Power Suite software. ● User-friendly dialogue tools : ● Remote graphic display. ● Service. ● Several “Energy Savings” laws. l/s.Altivar 61 Main Features ● Economical.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 67 .Motion & Drives training . monitoring and diagnostics functions. Physical values (bar. ● Special Motor Control laws to reduce the energy consumption. °C. ● “Simply Start” menu. Schneider Electric . ● Simplicity and user-friendliness.

● Configurable logic and analogue I/O. ● Protections of the motors and the drives. Schneider Electric .Altivar 61 Main Features ● Flexibility and performances.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 68 . ● Protection of the installation. ● “Power Removal” function to prevent motor starting accidentally (EN954-1. ● Safety. category 3 and IEC/EN 61158 . ● Machine and human safety.Motion & Drives training . ● Numerous integrated options to adapt the drive for advanced functions. SIL 2) ● Installation safety.

Altivar 61 Open communication . Fipio. Uni-Telway.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 69 . DeviceNet. ● Optional communication board for main types of bus used in building management : ● ● ● ● LonWorks BACnet METASYS N2 APOGEE FLN ● Optional communication board for main types of industrial protocols : ● Ethernet TCP/IP.Motion & Drives training . Profibus DP.Option ● Modbus and CANOpen protocols integrated as standard. Schneider Electric . Modbus +. InterBus .

Schneider Electric . ● Communication cards (see previous page) ● Multi-pump card for the management of several pumps. ● I/O extension card. ● “Controller Inside” programmable card to adapt the drive to specific customer application.Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 70 .Altivar 61 Option Cards ● One or two option cards can be integrated simultaneously.

Motion & Drives training .Altivar 61 Multi-Pump Card Controller Inside ATV61 Variable speed pump Non return valve Isolating valve Contactor or soft starter Fixed speed pump (Maximum of 3) Optional flow switch Pressure transducer Optional flow meter Jockey / joker pump (1 only) Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 71 .

Motion & Drives training . ● To remove the need for shielding.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 72 . Schneider Electric . ● To reduce harmonics. ● Additional EMC inputs filters. ● Motor chokes and sinus filters. ● For long cable runs. ● DC chokes. line chokes and passive filters.Altivar 61 External Options ● Braking units and resistors.

● PID Regulator ● Safety : ● Monitoring : ● Diagnostics. ● Air flow regulation.Altivar 61 ATV 61 Ventilation functions.Motion & Drives training . Summary 73 Schneider Electric . ● High inertia fans : ● Automatic Restart. catch on the fly. alarms. ● Forced operation. ● Built-in protections.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 . ● Smoke extraction. ● Jump frequencies. ● Braking with resistances. ● Energy Savings : ● SVCU NOLD Energy Saving law ● Calculation of energy consumed. ● Noise and resonance reduction : ● Modulation on the fly of switching frequency.

Motion & Drives training . ● PID Regulator ● Monitoring of speed reference.Altivar 61 ATV 61Pumping functions. Summary 74 Schneider Electric . Under-load and overload detection. alarms. ● Pressure and flow regulation. .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 ● Monitoring : ● Diagnostics. ● Water distribution : ● Multi-pumps card control. ● Safety : ● ● ● ● Detection of zero flow with a sensor. ● Energy Savings : ● Quadratic law for centrifugal pumps ● Calculation of energy consumed. Limitation of flow with a sensor. Wake up / sleep function.

HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 75 .Motion & Drives training .

Commercial / Institutional / Industrial Residential Customers we sell : OEMs. Schneider Electric . Building Automation Companies .. Mechanical Contractors.... System Integrators.Our Markets The Markets we serve. Window Chillers Cooling Towers Split Rooftop Units Boilers Air Handling Units Machines we apply solutions for (targeted applications) .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 76 .Motion & Drives training .

Motion & Drives training . single screw and twin-screw : ● Low starting torque : ATV21 or ATV61 (30 to 200hp) ● Reciprocating compressors (Piston) : ● Typically.Our Markets Type of Drives required. 160% starting torque : ATV71 (1 to 600hp) ● Fans : ● Variable torque (110% Tn max) : ATV21 or ATV61 ● Pumps : ● Variable torque (110% Tn max) : ATV21 or ATV61 Schneider Electric . ● Centrifugal. rotary scroll.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 77 .

HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 78 .

● Interface with Building Automation Systems. ● Built-in Protections. ● International Certifications and Standards. ● Easy Commissioning. Schneider Electric .Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for OEM. ● Get More Flexibility. ● Save Mechanical Costs.Motion & Drives training . ● Built-in EMC Improvements.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 79 . ● Best Reliability.

● Best Reliability.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 80 . ● No Specific Electrical Knowledge. ● Machine and Human Safety.Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for Mechanical Contractors.Motion & Drives training . ● Built-in EMC Improvements. ● Less Maintenance. Schneider Electric . ● International Certifications and Standards.

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 81 . ● Reduce the Maintenance Costs.Motion & Drives training .Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for End-users. ● Save your Money ! ● Save a lot of Energy. ● Reduce the Operating Costs. Schneider Electric . ● Short Payback Period of the Investments.

● Reduce the Motor Wear.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 82 . ● Built-in Protections. ● Save your Installation ! ● Adaptation to the Load Request. ● Tone Down the Starts.Motion & Drives training .Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for End-users. Schneider Electric . ● Reduce the Mechanical Stress.

Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for End-users. ● Interface with Building Automation Systems. ● Accurate Control of Flow.Motion & Drives training . ● Maximize Efficiency. ● Improve your Performances ! VSD ● One of The Most Effective Technology in HVAC. Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 83 .

● Built-in EMC Improvements. Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .Conclusions Why using Variable Speed Drives in HVAC applications ? Messages for End-users. ● Improve your Comfort ! ● Get More Flexibility ● Reduce the Noise of Fans. ● Best Accuracy.HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 84 .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 85 .HVAC Applications Summary > > > > > > > > Introduction HVAC Systems Energy Savings Altivar 21 Altivar 61 Our Markets Conclusions Quiz Schneider Electric .Motion & Drives training .

HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 86 .Motion & Drives training .Quiz Sub chapter title ● Question 1 ● Text question 1 ● Question 2 ● Question 3 ● Question 4 … Schneider Electric .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications uestions and Answers Schneider Electric .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 Summary 87 .

Motion & Drives training .HVAC Applications V1 30/05/2008 for your attention Summary 88 .Motion & Drives training Thanks Schneider Electric .