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22-Jun-13

RO LE O F SE LF H E LP G RO U P W O M E N IN A N IM A L H U SB A N D RY

22-Jun-13

Farm Women & Animal Husbandry


The rural women play a pivotal role in animal husbandry in India. Besides sharing abundant responsibilities in maintaining the household, they attend to various livestock farm-operations. Sixty five per cent of the total animal husbandry labour and 60 per cent of the labour engaged in poultry farming from women side. Therefore, educating rural women about modern technologies in animal husbandry and allied fields can go a long way in enhancing their knowledge and skill and ultimately, the productivity of the system and farm incomes
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Introduction
SELF HELP GROUP(SHG)

Village based financial intermediary group usually composed of 10-20 women/men.

Linked to banks
Homogenous group, voluntary governed, contribute to a common fund
A Women Self Help Group

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HOW DO SHGs FUNCTION

Decision on time and place of meetings. Agreed penalties for nonattendance Agreement on amount of saving Giving small loans to each other Training to members

OBJECTIVES:
To analyze the Knowledge-level of Rural Women
regarding improved animal husbandry practices

To study the Extent of Adoption of Improved Practices


in Animal Husbandry

To study the Extent of Adoption of Improved Practices


in poultry farming

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Selection of sample
Selection of Blocks in Hisar District
Hisar, Adampur, Narnaund

Selection of respondents:
150 SHG beneficiary 150 Non-beneficiary

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Animal Husbandry and poultry farming practices

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Statistical methods used for analysis of data

Ranks Percentages Rank order correlation co-efficient


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RESULTS
Knowledge-level of Rural Women regarding improved animal husbandr y practices

S.N Level of o. knowledge 1 Below average average

Mean score < 12

Beneficiaries Frequency 28 % 18.67

Non-beneficiaries Frequency 76 % 50.67

12<24

104

69.33

74

49.33

3 4

Above average Overall

24-34

18 150

12.00 100

00 150

00 100

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Extent of Adoption of Improved Practices in Animal Husbandry


S.No. Improved practices Animal husbandry Beneficiaries Non-beneficiaries MPS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Selection of breed Care of animals during parturition and post parturition Feeding and watering Chopping of straw Fodder collection Artificial insemination Mixing of conc., feed Care of new born Care of sick animals Vaccination and de-worming Cleaning of animals & shed 86.00 40.00 78.67 89.33 68.00 56.00 45.33 70.67 91.33 04 14 06 03 09 12 13 08 01 88.00 33.67 66.67 14.23 45.67 48.00 40.67 63.45 79.45 01 13 04 15 09 08 11 06 02 58.00 90.00

Rank
11 02

MPS
42.00 65.00 10 05

Rank

12
13 14

Milking
Cleaning of farm utensils. Identification of sick animals/birds

79.45
56.00 63.00 72.00 0.92**

05
12 10 07

67.00
35.00 19.45 59.67

03
12 14 07 11

15 Taking animals to hospital 22-Jun-13 r =

Extent of Adoption of Improved Practices in poultry farming


S.No. Improved Practices Beneficiaries MPS Rank Non-beneficiaries MPS Ran k

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Improved local breeds Balanced feeding Collection of eggs Timely Vaccination Artificial insemination De-worming Proper disposal of litter Safety against rodents and pest r
MPS = Mean per cent score

80.00 65.33 46.00 90.67 42.00 39.33 62.00 37.33

2 3 5 1 6 7 4 8

42.00 30.67 49.33 60.00 25.33 6.00 18.67 10.00

3 4 2 1 5 8 6 7

0.76**

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Exists a significant knowledge gap regarding adoption of improved technology between SHG-beneficiary and nonbeneficiary groups.

fINDINGS

A considerable difference in the magnitude of adoption, among two groups, was observed for practices like artificial insemination, identification of sick animals. In the case of poultry farming, practice of timely vaccination ranked first in both beneficiary and non-beneficiary groups. Improved local breed, balanced feeding and proper disposal of litter were adopted in higher per cent age by the beneficiary group. The overall extent of adoption in animal husbandry as well as poultry farming has been found higher among SHG beneficiary than non-beneficiary group Registering a significant impact of the extension and other support services provided by various extension and developmental agencies to the beneficiaries through 22-Jun-13 this 13 convenient platform.

Conclusion
The evidence of womens empowerment through Self-Help Groups provides a varied picture.

Training leads to the setting up of successful ventures, this success in turn leads to a growth of their confidence and improves their status at home and in the community.
The overall extent of adoption in animal husbandry as well as poultry farming has been found higher among SHG beneficiary than non-beneficiary group; thus, registering a significant impact of the extension and other support services provided by various extension and developmental agencies to the beneficiaries through this convenient platform.
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