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computer recycling

6/23/13

6/23/13 .What is computer recycling ? Computer recycling or electronic recycling is the recycling or reuse of computers or other electronic devices. Process : The recycling chain consists in three steps: collection. pretreatment and treatment. and having systems dismantled. It includes both finding another use for materials (such as donation to charity). in a manner that allows for the safe extraction of the constituent materials for reuse in other products.

RECYCLING METHODS ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Consumer recycling Corporate recycling Sale Take back Exchange Scrapping/recycling 6/23/13 Next .

or getting components to a convenient recycler or refurbisher.Consumer recycling Consumer recycling options consists of (see below) sale. donating computers directly to organizations in need. sending devices directly back to their original manufacturers. Corporate recycling Businesses seeking a cost-effective way to recycle large amounts of computer equipment responsibly face a more complicated process. Businesses also have the options of sale or contacting the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and arranging recycling options 6/23/13 .

6/23/13 . in a complicated. competitive environment where paid listings might not sell. or arrange for pickup from the manufacturer. consumers can find out if they offer recycling services. self-managed. Most major computer manufacturers offer some form of recycling. At the user's request they may mail in their old computers. Both refurbish and resell their own computers with a one-year warranty. Online classified ads can be similarly risky due to forgery scams and uncertainty.Online auctions are an alternative for consumers willing to resell for cash less fees. Exchange Manufacturers often offer a free replacement service when purchasing a new PC. Dell Computers and Apple Inc take back old products when one buys a new one. Take back When researching computer companies before a computer purchase.

for example.Scrapping/recycling The rising price of precious metals — coupled with the high rate of unemployment during the Great Recession — has led to a larger number of amateur "for profit" electronics recyclers. lead. televisions and more 6/23/13 . are stripped of their most valuable components and sold for scrap. gold. Metals like copper. Computer parts. aluminum. and palladium are recovered from computers.

so for both sides a proper treatment and recovery of materials is necessary.) as well hazardous substances (heavy metalsand flame retardants). constituting the 8% of municipal waste. ∗ Computers manufacturing is increasing rapidly. but with some important differences . EPEAT or Blue Angel. ∗ In developed countries only between 13% and 20% of this waste is collected and recycled. where are improperly handled with serious consequences for the health population and the environment. ∗ Computers contain valuable materials (gold. ∗ Green computers are referred to ecological labels. copper. in 1994 20 million computers became obsolete against 100 million in 2004 and between this years 500 millions ended their useful life. ∗ Behind the word recycling hides a waste export to impoverished countries. which treat the more important aspects to raise a green computer and their 6/23/13 criteria are similar. ∗ In2003 came the first European Directive related to electrical and electronic equipment and since then regulations are appearing. etc. like Eco-label. silver.Facts about the recycling industry ∗ Every year 40 millions tonnes of electronic and electrical waste are generated in the whole world.

∗ One of the earliest initiatives toward green computing in the United States was the voluntary labeling program known as Energy Star. Such practices include the implementation of energy-efficient central processing units (CPUs). The Energy Star label became a common sight.∗ Green computing is the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources. servers and peripherals as well as reduced resource consumption and proper disposal of electronic waste (e-waste). Similar programs have been adopted in Europe and Asia. 6/23/13 . especially in notebook computers and displays. It was conceived by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1992 to promote energy efficiency in hardware of all kinds.

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Presented By.P. HUDA ZAINAB 6–F D. Sharjah THANK .S.