You are on page 1of 42

Antonio O.

Sanone Safety Department

Safety Cards? What are these?...
 In Chemical Industries, safety card summarizes essential health and safety information on chemicals for their use at the "shop floor" level by workers and employers in factories, agriculture, construction and other work places.

Safety Cards? What are these?...
Record for the potential accident Potential hazard identification Countermeasures for the identified potential risk Record for the encountered near miss accident Analysis for possible hazards in a particular working place

Kinds of Safety Cards

o KY Card o HHK o 4RKY

KY Card KY – Kiken Yochi – Hazard Prediction Hazard Prediction Card Purpose: To help predict potential hazard in your job so as to enable you to carry out your job safely.  This is made before going to working places or before starting to work. .  Potential hazards must be studied carefully and countermeasures must be prepared.

At least three (3) potential hazards should be identified. . Make applicable countermeasures to the potential hazards that are identified. 3. 4. 1. Take down the materials or objects that are necessary to make the countermeasures possible.KY Card How? Describe the activity or the job title. Think the possible hazards and write them down. 2.

If floor is wet. If the operator work with his bare hands only. Because the operator is working with rotating equipment. helper will be slipped. 1. Remove the water accumulated in the area before the cleaning of spillages begins. 2. his hands will be pinched in the rollers 2. his hands will be injured. 3. Use rubber gloves. 3. Rubber gloves 2. Confirm that the conveyor is fully de-energized and isolated. Submersible pump for water removal 3. Countermeasures Object/s for the implementation of the job 1.KY Card The proper way of expressing potential hazards Job Title Date Section Name May 1. Isolation tag . 2006 Chemical Dominggo Sabado KY Card Cleaning of limestone spillages below 11CR01 and 11BC06 Potential Hazards 1.

Hit by forklift 3. Safety goggles/glasses . Open valves slowly during sampling Object/s for the implementation of the job 1. Dust inhalation 2.KY Card Job Title Date Feb 12. Potential Hazards Countermeasures 1. Pack bags gently to prevent dust scattering 2... 2005 De-Zn/MS Henry Hugo Section Name KY Card MS Filtration and Sampling 1. Dust/gas mask 2. Hit by splashes of acidic solution The usual practice. Safety gloves 3. Keep distance from forklift 3.

. Handrails Safety gloves Awareness of the activity Hard hat . Always use handrails 2. 2. 4..KY Card Job Title Date Section Name Feb 10. Valle Jr. Watch out for protruding braces of staircases 3. Potential Hazards Countermeasures 1. Hands getting nipped by tools 3. Wear gloves 4. Hit by falling objects The usual practice. 3. 2005 MS Felix P. Secure helmet with chin strap Object/s for the implementation of the job 1. Tripping when dealing with staircases 2. KY Card MS Area Patrolling 1.

This is made when someone encountered a near miss accident Must be reported immediately for the awareness of the next person who will work in the same assignment / working place . or call other workers’ operating at the same level attention to those incidents thus assuring occupational safety.HHK HHK – Hiyari Hatto Kigakari – Near miss accident Near miss Accident Report Card Purpose: Reporting incidents encountered on the job and activities that will help improve those facilities.

1.HHK How? Note date and time when an incident linked to a job or an activity occurred 2. Describe the place that the incident occurred 3. Describe what you think accounts for the incident. Write down the details and hazard that might be happened 5. . Describe the type of accident 4.

Its fortunate that I was wearing a hard hat. If not it would have been a serious injury. 2005 6:30am MS Reactor Area Falling Object Incident in detail I am doing an inspection of the workplace.HHK Place Type Date: February 18. Account for the incident Maintenance Personnel – for not doing housekeeping work after repair of equipment. . 2005 Section: Name: Neil Temperatura Hiyari Hatto Card Date and time Feb 18. around MS Reactor area when suddenly a bolt fall hitting my hard hat.

2005 10:00am Ore Preparation area Slide down the stairs Incident in detail I conducted patrol at the area at habang ako’y naglalakad na may dalang tools at di ko napansin ang putik na nakadikit sa hagdan na aking natapakan at ako ay muntik nang nadulas. Salamat nalang at akoy nakahawak sa railings kung hindi ay mauuna na ako sa inyo. Account for the incident Walang ibang dapat sisihin kundi ako dahil na rin sa kapabayaan at umasa na safe and lahat na hakbang. 2005 Vismar Hemor Hiyari Hatto Card Date and time Feb 18.HHK Place Type Date: Section: Name: February 18. .

an on the way I did not notice an oil spill on the walk way and accidentally step on it. I slipped and luckily I did not sustain injury.HHK Place Type Date: Section: Name: February 18. 2005 Ryan Rioveros Hiyari Hatto Card Date and time Feb 3. Incident in detail Account for the incident Production personnel for cleaning the oil spill myself for not checking walkway while walking. 2005 9:00am HPAL Area Slip I was going to HPAL area. not and the .

Setting up countermeasures 4. . Investigation into the true nature of the incident 3. ROUNDS: Understanding the current state of affairs 2. Setting up objectives 1.4RKY 4R – Four (4) Rounds KY – Hazard Prediction Purpose: Setting a limit to a job and implementing KY in order to help highlight potential hazards in relevant jobs and produce countermeasures.

condition of the equipment. and condition of the workers Take a picture on the unsafe practices for thorough investigation .4RKY Understanding the current state of affairs     Study the situation Finding of risky factors Consideration of the condition of the work place.

4RKY Understanding the current state of affairs .

4RKY Investigation into the true nature of the accident     Determination of risk factors Determination of the effects of the identified risk factors Identification of at least seven (7) potential hazards Selection of the important potential hazards and the especially important potential hazards .

4RKY Investigation into the true nature of the accident .

Direct Cause  potential risk that might happen even the practice is in a safe act and safe state . Unsafe State  physical condition of the workplace  status of the equipment 3.4RKY Identification of Potential Hazards Considerations: 1. Unsafe Act  mental and physical condition of the worker  position of worker in performing the job 2.

4RKY Unsafe Act Risk Factors 1. Spinal cord dislocation . Working with his bare hands 2. Suffered back pain 4. Hands get irritated by slaked lime 2. Load concentrates on his back 3. Hand injury because of sharp edge of the spool 3. Improper position Effects/Consequences 1.

When the wind blows the scattered slaked lime dust 3. Eyes irritated by suspended slaked lime dust in the air .4RKY Unsafe State Risk Factors 1. Wet floor 2. Workers slip down and injured 2. Stepping the disordered wires Effects/Consequences 1.

Slipping 2. The person collapsed 2. . The head of the person broke and died 4. The person pinned by the load they carried.4RKY Direct Cause Risk Factors 1. The person injured 3. Falling (flying without wings) Effects/Consequences 1. Tripping down 3.

.. . then. If …….....  Phenomenon Type of Accident  Result Fatal or Injured will become….4RKY Expressing of potential hazards Risk Factors Unsafe Act Unsafe State Direct Cause Because……..

4RKY Expressing of potential hazards 1. 2. If the operator is working with his bare hands. If the spool is lifted far from the operator’s body. his hands will be irritated by the slaked lime. his spinal cord will be dislocated. Because the operator is working with his bare hands. he will suffer back pain. 3. his hands will be injured/wounded by the sharp edges of the spool. . Because the load is concentrated to his back. 4.

7.4RKY Expressing of potential hazards 5. Because the of scattered wires on the floor. worker will be slipped down and injured. Because the floor is wet. the worker will be slipped down and injured. 6. If the scattered slaked lime dust is blown by the air. worker’s eye will be irritated. .

If Tony falls down. 9. his legs get injured. Because Peter falls down. Because Anthony trips down. he will be pinned by the load they carried and died. 10. 11. Because Juan slips down the stairs.4RKY Expressing of potential hazards Juan Peter Anthony Onyot Tony 8. his head breaks up and he will be suffering to death. he lost his balance and collapse. .

4RKY Setting up countermeasures    At least three (3) countermeasures must be made to the chosen especially important potential hazards Countermeasures must be practically applicable Must be concrete and concise .

 Make your body as close as possible to the load  Test the load weight before lifting  Grip the load tightly >Improper Position >Too heavy load .4RKY Setting up countermeasures  Let your legs do the work.

4RKY Setting up countermeasures  Use a cart if the load is too heavy >Improper Position >Too heavy load .

and practically applicable .4RKY Setting up objectives    Objectives must be extracted from the list of countermeasures This is the summary of all the countermeasures Concrete. concise.

3rd round : Setting up countermeasures … Concretely and practicable countermeasures . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Target Time 3rd round+ 4th round= 3min. YYY will occur for ZZZ. Risky factors and Phenomenon (the style of the incident) If you do XXX.4RKY 4 ROUND-KY REPORT(HIYARI・KIGAKARI・OTHERS) DATE Theme Explanation of Situation Illustration No. / / Group Leader Scribe Presenter Member Target Time: 1st round + 2nd round = 7min 1st round : Finding (extraction of)risky factors → Understanding the current state of affairs【Finger Pointing and calling】 2nd round : ①important (○)②especially important(◎) → Potential hazard【Finger pointing and Calling】 ○◎mark No.

5 4RKY 7 8 9 10 6 Target Time 3rd round+ 4th round= 3min. ◎ ※ 2R mark No.Identify 1 item. 3rd round : Setting up countermeasures … Concretely and practicable countermeasures 2R No.【Finger pointing and Calling】3 times The team objective for action Attain XXX by putting YYY into action One-point object Touch and call『 Let's go for zero accident. Yoshi!』【Finger pointing and Calling】 .【Finger pointing and Calling】 ②Designate a one-point object from (*) countermeasures . ◎ ※ mark 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 ①It is possible to do yourselves by actual equipments ② the important countermeasure (◎) for each of items. 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 4th round :①Mark with (*) those countermeasures linked to the team objective needing to be actioned Establish the team objective for action from (*) countermeasures.

scribe. Begin listing the risk factor and phenomenon that can be projected in the situation. In order to be smooth and fast. presenter.  for important potential hazard  for especially important potential hazard . 2.4RKY Making Procedure 1. potential hazards must be written individually in a separate sheet then submit to the scribe. At least seven (7) potential hazards must be identified. The leader will call the roll and check the physical condition of each member. and members. Narrow down the identified potential hazard by marking 3. 5. All members shall stand up. Assign among yourselves the leader. The leader will read the situation (all members must study the given situation as quickly as possible). 4.

Make the One-Point Objective that best described your Team Objective. . From the important countermeasures you selected. Make at least three practical and applicable countermeasures to each of the selected especially important potential hazard. 7. 9. Narrow down the countermeasures of each especially important potential hazard by marking (*) to the countermeasure that you think the most important countermeasure. make a Team Objective. 8.4RKY Making Procedure 6.

the operator will lose his balance and fall and hurt his body. 4 5 Because the cable wire is stepped by the operator. If the operator hits the piece of steel (beside his left foot). he will tumble down and hurt his body. Group Leader Scribe Presenter Member 2 Dennis Arnel Soi Poch. he will have a back pain.4RKY 4 ROUND-KY REPORT(HIYARI・KIGAKARI・OTHERS) DATE Theme Explanation of Situation Illustration No. / / The operator is grinding on the welded edges of the tank 03TK13 cover. then the boots will cut/tear off and his toes will be caught by the grinder and cut. the operator will slide down and the grinder will be thrown away by him and the inspector will be hit. he will slip down and lose control. and Mitch Target Time: 1st round + 2nd round = 7min 1st round : Finding (extraction of)risky factors → Understanding the current state of affairs【Finger Pointing and calling】 2nd round : ①important (○)②especially important(◎) → Potential hazard【Finger pointing and Calling】 ○◎mark No. 3 If the operator moves backward. the splinter will heat his boots and melt. 2 If the operator moves sideward. 3rd round : Setting up countermeasures … Concretely and practicable countermeasures . 10 Target Time 3rd round+ 4th round= 3min. 8 9 Because the operator uses rubber boots. he will lose his balance and tumble down. then will move the grinder towards his foot and cut his toes. If the operator uses rubber boots. and his legs will be caught by the cord. Elson. the steel will fall into the hole together with grinder cord. the face shield will become cloudy and the operator can no longer see what he is grinding. 6 7 If someone will forcedly move the tanks cover. he will move the grinder towards his foot. Because the operator is working in wrong position (bend). the grinder will move towards him and hurt his body. YYY will occur for ZZZ. 1 If the operator moves or steps backward. If the sweat of the operator falls into his face shield. then his feet will be burn. which is not supported well. he will shoot his legs into the hole and fall. Risky factors and Phenomenon (the style of the incident) If you do XXX. Larry.

◎ ※ 2R mark No. 3 4 5 * Stop the grinder when moving to another position. then his feet will be burn. ◎ ※ mark 1 2 3 ①It is possible to do yourselves by actual equipments ② the important countermeasure (◎) for each of items.【Finger pointing and Calling】 . 3rd round : Setting up countermeasures … Concretely and practicable countermeasures 2R No. Target Time 3rd round+ 4th round= 3min. Secure that the support is strong enough. Hold the grinder firmly. Install barricade around the area 4 Work in a position without so much back bending. 4th round :①Mark with (*) those countermeasures linked to the team objective needing to be actioned Establish the team objective for action from (*) countermeasures. 1 Wear PPE (safety shoes). Stop the grinder when moving to another position.6 4RKY 7 8 9 10 If the operator uses rubber boots. the splinter will heat his boots and melt. Wear safety shoes to properly bend his knees. 1 2 3 * 3 4 5 1 2 7 4 5 Put safety signs in the working place. Use a stool. * * Wear PPE (Safety shoes). 2 3 4 5 9 Hold the grinder firmly.

4RKY 4th round :①Mark with (*) those countermeasures linked to the team objective needing to be actioned Establish the team objective for action from ( *) countermeasures. put safety signs in the working place. Always wear appropriate PPE and work in a correct position (without so much back bending).【Finger pointing and Calling】 ②Designate a one-point object from (*) countermeasures . Touch and call『 Let's go for zero incident.【Finger pointing and Calling】3 times The team objective for action Attain XXX by putting YYY into action One-point object In grinding the welded edges of the tank’s cover. work in a position without so much back bending.Identify 1 item. wear appropriate PPE. Yoshi!』【Finger pointing and Calling】 . and stop the grinder when moving to another position.

Then proceed to #2 and so on until all the potential hazard had been read and a finger pointing calling was done every after end of each statement. 5. . the scribe. the presenter. and one-point objective. team objective. and will check the physical conditions of his members. 3. Same procedure as no. 4. The presenter will read the first potential hazard and will be repeated by members of the team and a finger pointing and calling “YOSHI” will be done after the statement. countermeasures. 2. The leader will explain the situation. The leader will introduce himself. 4 will be applied but this time to the especially important potential hazard. The leader will now give the floor to the presenter for the presentation of the identified potential hazards. and the members to the audience.4RKY Presentation 1.

7. The presenter will then read the chosen best countermeasure on each especially important point. Presenter: “Let’s go for zero accident. Finger pointing and calling “YOSHI” should be done once.4RKY Presentation 6. The presenter will do the finger pointing and calling “YOSHI” once and the member will repeat three times. Touch and call. No finger pointing and calling in this stage. The team objective is the next to be confirmed. YOSHI!” Member: “Let’s go for zero accident. The member will repeat after the presenter. One-point objective confirmation. All members of the group will connect their thumbs of the left hands to the small fingers of the left hand to another member then do the finger pointing and calling. YOSHI!” . 8.

Questions? .

.THANK YOU for your attention.