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Golden proportion : a tool in evaluation of facial esthetics

Guides: Prof. Dr. K. Chandrasekharan Nair Dr. Jaykara Shetty Dr. Vishwanath

ANUPAMA M.S AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences Bangalore

Golden proportion : a tool in evaluation of facial esthetics
► The

quest for beauty has been expressed by every human culture, Many factors influence the perception of beauty faces have ideal facial proportion. Ideal proportion is directly related to divine proportion also known as Phi

► Beautiful

► Phi is present in the basic building blocks of a human’s skeletal structure.618 . Even the human concept of beauty seems to be entirely built on the concept of Phi. Those faces that we find most attractive tend to have ratios that are perfectly in tune with the Golden Proportion which is 1: 1.

Prosthodontists mainly deal with aesthetics of the dentition the beauty of which can be gauged in the background of a well proportioned face.► Dentists are not only scientists but "artists" of the dentition. It is each dentist's obligation to create uniform harmony in each patient's dentition in relationship to their face. .

.Purpose : ► The purpose of the study was to analyze manually the validity of golden proportion in beautiful faces of Indian origin. Selected faces were analyzed on the basis of golden proportion and verified in relation to other parameters of esthetics.

Methodology : ► Pictures selected of famous Indian film stars were ► Selection was made based on popularity among youngsters .

Ratio of visible width of upper anterior teeth . Distance from forehead to chin : distance from forehead to nose ► 2.Parameters used to measure golden proportion among the subjects : ► 1.width of central incisor : width of lateral incisor : width of canine . Width of lips : width of lateral borders of nose ► 3.

Other parameters of esthetics .evaluated to verify the relation of golden proportion with esthetics: ► Buccal mesial line angle of the maxillary 1st pre molar to the interior portion of the commissure of lips. Smaller and broader space is more attractive than longer and narrower one corridor : is the space measured from ► Ratio of lower third of face : distance from sub nasale to incisal edges of upper incisors is 1/3 of the length from upper lip to lower border of chin ► Midline coincidence : .

line. lines from the outer canthus to mid point of chin join to form equilateral triangle in esthetically appearing faces curve : The curvature of the maxillary ► Presence of equilateral triangle : intercanthal .► Smile incisal edges coincides with or parallels the border of lower lip on smiling in optimal smile.

Golden proportion: subject 1 ► Parameter 1 : 1.56 ► ► .57 Parameter 2 : 1.66 1.54 Parameter 3 : 1.

Other parameters : subject 1 ► Buccal corridor : optimal Proportion of lower third : 1/3 : 2/3 Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle: + ► ► ► ► .

Golden proportion : subject 2 ► Parameter 1: 1.61 ► Parameter 2 : 1.6 1.64 ► Parameter 3: 1.58 .

Other parameters : subject 2 Buccal corridor : optimal ► Proportion of lower third : approx 1/3 : 2/3 ► ► ► ► Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle: + .

57 1.6 .66 ► Parameter 2: 1.6 ► Parameter 3: 1.Golden proportion : subject 3 ► Parameter 1: 1.

Other parameters : subject 3 Buccal corridor : optimal ► Proportion of lower third : approx 1/3 : 2/3 ► ► ► ► Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle: + .

6 .Golden proportion : subject 4 ► Parameter 1: 1.55 ► Parameter 2: 1.56 ► Parameter 3: 1.5 1.

Other parameters : subject 4 ► ► Buccal corridor : optimal Proportion of lower third : approx 1/3 : 2/3 Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle: + ► ► ► .

54 .58 ► Parameter 3: 1.5 ► Parameter 2: 1.5 1.Golden proportion : subject 5 ► Parameter 1: 1.

Other parameters : subject 5 ► Buccal corridor : optimal Proportion of lower third : approx 1/3 : 2/3 Midline coincidence: + ► ► ► ► Smile curve : Equilateral triangle: + .

55 ► Parameter 3: 1.Golden proportion : subject 6 ► Parameter 1: 1.62 ► Parameter 2: 1.66 .6 1.

Other parameters : subject 6 ► ► Buccal corridor : optimal Proportion of lower third 1/3 : 2/3 Midline coincidence : + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle : + ► ► ► .

5 1.33 .GOLDEN PROPORTION : subject 7 ► Parameter 1: 2.53 ► Parameter 3: 1.44 ► Parameter 2: 1.

Other parameters : subject 7 ► Buccal corridor :smaller and narrower Proportion of lower third : lower half is more than 2/3 upper half Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle : ► ► ► ► .

78 ► Parameter 2: 1.33 1.72 ► Parameter 3: 1.6 .GOLDEN PROPORTION : subject 8 ► Parameter 1: 1.

Other parameters : subject 8 ► ► Buccal corridor : too wide Proportion of lower third : lower half is more than 2/3 of upper half Midline coincidence: slight shift to left ► ► ► Smile curve : Equilateral triangle : .

GOLDEN PROPORTION : subject 9 ► Parameter 1: 1.33 1.5 .45 ► Parameter 3: 1.71 ► Parameter 2: 1.

Other parameters : subject 9 ► ► Buccal corridor : + Proportion of lower third : approx 1/3 : 2/3 ► Midline coincidence: slight shift to left Smile curve : Equilateral triangle ► ► .

55 Parameter 2 : 1.GOLDEN PROPORTION : subject 10 ► Parameter 1 : 1.75 ► ► .46 Parameter 3 : 2 1.

Other parameters : subject 10 ► ► Buccal corridor : too wide Proportion of lower third : lower half is less than 2/3 of upper half Midline coincidence: + Smile curve : Equilateral triangle ► ► ► .

the other parameters of esthetic face were also present unlike in subjects were golden proportion did not exist.Results : ► In subjects whom the measured facial proportions were close to the golden proportion. ► Hence golden proportion can be used as a tool in evaluating beauty .

Conclusion  Disproportionate human faces are less appealing. . whereas faces with proportionate features are acceptable if not always beautiful.

A divenly proportioned face is timeless and ageless Thank you .