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Training Workshop


“Basic Research Methodology: Towards Developing and Writing Research Proposals”

Erlinda Castro-Palaganas, Ph.D.

DOH-CAR Training Center BGH-MC Compound, November 25-27 2008

Objectives  Analyze relevant and feasible strategies to integrate and sustain research findings and evidence into practice. and  Assist in the formation of a national nursing research group in the Philippines. linking research to practice. .  Engage in networking opportunities to increase knowledge of evidence-based practice.  Examine findings and outcomes of selected nursing studies for their translation to care practices.

health care administrators and third party payors  To be effective consumers of research and producers of research .Why research ?  To be able to adopt an evidence-based practice  To document the social relevance and effectiveness of one’s practice not only to the profession but to health care consumers.

implement these interventions to promote positive outcomes for patients and families . thus research is essential to develop and refine knowledge that can be used to improve clinical practice.identify effective interventions for practice. .  Health Professional need to be able to: .read research reports.Why Research?  Health profession is a practice profession. and .

g. use research findings in practice  Master’s Degree (e. etc): Critique research findings for use in practice. provide clinical expertise for research  PhD: Develop health knowledge through research and theory development.MSN/MAN): Collaborate in research projects. MT.g.What is your role in health and health related research?  Bachelor’ s Degree (e. conduct funded independent research projects  PostDoc: Develop and coordinate funded research programs . BSN. MD.

expected to be accurate reflection of reality.  The quality of health practice depends on the quality of the knowledge that you acquired.How do we acquire knowledge?  Knowledge is essential information acquired in a variety of ways. and incorporated and used to direct a person’s actions. .

proficient. competent. deductive) PARADIGMS_crhrdc. advanced beginner. expert)  Role Modeling (mentorship)  Intuition  Reasoning (Inductive vs.ppt .How do we acquire knowledge?  Traditions  Authority  Borrowing  Trial and Error  Personal Experience (Novice.

health professionals must perceive that research is important in developing evidence-based (informed) practice in all settings and specialties.Research in Health Professions…  For health professions as a discipline to be effective in research. the focus of research-directed activity should be creating a culture within nursing that values.  As practitioners of a discipline. and supports research. . uses.

Building an EvidenceBased Practice .

. costeffective care for patients and families.Why evidence-based?  Health professionals are accountable to society for providing high-quality.  Care provided must be constantly evaluated and improved on the basis of new and refined research knowledge.  Health professionals need to use research findings to determine the best way to deliver health care services to ensure that the greatest number of people receive care.

Why evidence-based ?  Promoting an understanding of patients’ and families’ experiences with health and illness (a common focus of qualitative research)  Implementing effective health interventions to promote patient health ( a common focus of quantitative research)  Providing high-quality. cost-effective care within the health care system (a common focus of outcome research) .

Remember… Evidence-based practice in the health profession should be based on the synthesis of findings from a collection of research studies addressing health practice. .

nurses)  other health care professionals  consumers for use in practice .g.Building an Evidence-Based Practice Developing an evidence-based practice for the health profession requires that the knowledge generated through research be communicated to:  one’s particular profession (e.

Rogers' Theory: Levels of innovativeness  early adopters. .  laggards.  innovators.  late majority.

tend to cling to the past. and often do not adopt new ideas: Laggards . utilize them.Rogers' Theory: Levels of innovativeness  A level of innovativeness where nurses actively promote change: Early adopters  A level of innovativeness where nurses learn new ideas rapidly. and then serve as role models in their use: Innovators  A level of innovativeness where nurses are skeptical about new ideas and will adopt them only if group pressure is great: Late majority  A level of innovativeness where nurses are security oriented.

 Reinvention implementation involves modifying research findings to fit a particular practice situation before utilization .Application to practice…  Direct application involves the implementation of research findings straight into practice as they were developed from the studies.  Indirect effects implementation occurs when the practitioner incorporates the knowledge and uses it to strengthen an argument or as documentation in a clinical paper.

. May this adventure inspire us to come up with research proposals that will assist in alleviating the health problems of the region.Let us… …journey together in this adventure of health research. …tell our stories from the field and learn from each other.